Posts

October 23, 2014

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9:38 AM | Stanford's Center for Law and the Biosciences Fellowship
Quoting from here: Stanford Law School invites applications for the 2015-2016 Fellowship Program at the Center for Law and the Biosciences. The Goal: This fellowship is intended for people who want an academic or policy career working on legal and...
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9:05 AM | Different addictive behaviours all centre on the same inherent difficulties.
by alcoholicsguide   Commonalities across all addictive disorders.  There are those, and some in treatment centres, who maintain that addiction is addiction is addiction. I have not always been convinced by this, mainly because I see differences in temperament and personality among different types of addicts (i.e alcoholics often appear different to heroin addicts in […]
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8:50 AM | How reminders of money affect people's expression and perception of emotion
Bank robbers and gamblers will tell you what people are prepared to do for the sake of money. But money also has more subtle influences. Back in 2006, researchers showed that mere reminders of money made people more selfish (although note a later attempt failed to replicate this result).In the latest research in this field, a team led by Yuwei Jiang have shown that exposing people to pictures of money, or to money-related words, reduces their emotional expressivity and makes them more sensitive […]

Jiang, Y., Chen, Z. & Wyer, R. (2014). Impact of money on emotional expression, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 55 228-233. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2014.07.013

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1:28 AM | In theory, or supported by experimental evidence?
Carl Zimmer typically makes statements like the one below without prefacing them with “in theory.” That’s how he establishes the bias towards evolutionary theory in nearly everything he reports. For example: “During the development of eggs and sperm, each pair...Read more

October 22, 2014

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7:55 PM | Converting Skin Cells to Neurons: A Fight Against Huntington’s
Neurological diseases are some of the hardest to fight against (in my opinion). The big reason is the brain, we still know so little about it and treatment for anything […]

Victor, M., Richner, M., Hermanstyne, T., Ransdell, J., Sobieski, C., Deng, P., Klyachko, V., Nerbonne, J. & Yoo, A. (2014). Generation of Human Striatal Neurons by MicroRNA-Dependent Direct Conversion of Fibroblasts, Neuron, 84 (2) 311-323. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.10.016

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7:06 PM | Clot dissolver tPA’s tardy twin could aid in stroke recovery
Tissue-type plasminogen activator, meet urokinase-type plasminogen activator. You guys probably know each other. The post Clot dissolver tPA’s tardy twin could aid in stroke recovery appeared first on Lab Land.
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7:04 PM | This Is Not The Immigration Crisis You're Looking For
When is an immigration crisis not an immigration crisis? When people who do not live where it is happening change the definition of an immigration crisis. A new paper from Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy examines historical immigration data, the "push" and "pull" factors currently motivating Mexicans and Central Americans to migrate to the U.S. and then attempts to explain why current undocumented immigration streaming across the Mexican border is not a crisis. read more
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6:27 PM | Does the thought control obesity?
One of the most important health problems in recent years in some developed countries is rising cases of obesity.
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5:29 PM | Olive, Corn, Soybean Or Sunflower Oil - The Science Answer As To What Is Best For Frying
Frying in oil is one of the world's most popular ways to prepare food — chicken and French-fried potatoes are staples but even candy bars and whole turkeys have joined the list of deep-friend goodness.  Lots of oil make health claims but there is a whole range of physical, chemical and nutritional properties that can degrade oil quality when heated so a paper in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry  tested four different refined oils — olive, corn, […]
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4:51 PM | Researchers Created A Laser Bullet To See What It Would Look Like - And Here It Is
Laser-powered weapons have been a staple of science-fiction movies for so long we think we know what they would look like, but we really don't. Researchers at the Laser Centre of the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw decided to find out, and make a real film of it. They fired an ultrashort laser pulse through the air and captured it on video and when they slowed it down they found that it looks lot like a […]
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4:42 PM | FOXP2: Silencing Speech Gene Causes Cancer Cells To Metastasize
Metastasis of breast cancer occurs when cells move from the primary tumor to other parts of the body.read more
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4:00 PM | From Stevens to Synapses: A Conversation with Kelsey Martin
Take your wildest guess.  How many neurons make up the human brain?  You’re not guessing wild enough if you said anything less than a trillion.  The circuitry of the human brain consists of a quadrillion (1015) synapses.  These neural circuits aren’t necessarily hard-wired and have the capacity to be re-wired in response to experience. In … Continue reading →
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3:12 PM | Epidemiologists Link Air Pollution To Autism
Children with autism spectrum disorder, a range of conditions characterized by social deficits and communication difficulties, were more likely to have been exposed to higher levels of certain air toxics during their mothers' pregnancies and the first two years of life compared to children without the condition, according to preliminary findings presented today at the American Association for Aerosol Research annual meeting in Orlando. Other epidemiologists have linked everything from living […]
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1:00 PM | There’s no need to panic about enterovirus
The enterovirus behind this year’s outbreak, EV-D68, has been around for decades and generally causes mild symptoms.
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12:30 PM | Obesity, Cancer, Mental Health: What Links Them All?
By Alessandro R Demaio, Harvard UniversityThere’s been a lot of discussion about obesity this week. Whether or not it’s a disease (as it is in the USA now) and how this label would positively or negatively influence action taken by society and governments in addressing this large and growing burden.This conversation is important, but I have noticed very often it ends with confusion. Questions around why we begin talking about obesity - and end discussing mental health, cancer, heart […]
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12:00 PM | As The Weather Changes, So Do Beliefs About Climate Change
By: Karin Heineman, Inside Science(Inside Science TV) – Who can forget the winter of 2013-2014? Record-breaking cold temperatures and heavy snowfall hit from the Rocky Mountains all the way to the East Coast.Although the majority of Americans still believe that global warming is happening, the especially blustery winter caused some people to question whether global warming is really happening.“Almost invariably we find that after any winter a drop off in belief in the existence of […]
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12:00 PM | Should you reply to spamming students?
A colleague, who is a new assistant professor, asked on Facebook, if he should reply to an “endless” stream of emails from international students.I know the kinds of letters this person is asking about. Many show the candidate has extremely limited ability to express him or herself in written English, the tone is often obsequious, and the letters are often clearly “form” letters send to who knows how many institutions.What’s the right course of action? On the one […]
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11:30 AM | Competition, Not Mandates And Subsidies, Keep Health-Care Costs Low - Study
America has a health care problem. It is excellent, the best in the world, but it is expensive. Rather than solving the problems of defensive medicine costs, designed to prevent lawsuits by conducting unnecessary tests, or tort reform to prevent lawyers from convincing people they are 'suing an insurance company' so the cost won't matter, America has instead created mandates so everyone is forced to buy insurance, and then subsidized people who can't afford it.read more
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11:04 AM | ECFA Workshop: Planning For The High Luminosity LHC
I am spending a few days in Aix Les Bains, a pleasant lakeside resort in the French southwest, to follow the works of the second ECFA workshop, titled "High-Luminosity LHC". ECFA stands for "European Committee for Future Accelerators" but this particular workshop is indeed centred on the future of the LHC, despite the fact that there are at present at least half a dozen international efforts toward the design of more powerful hadron colliders, more precise linear electron-positron […]
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11:00 AM | Dams Are Not The Smart Way To Secure Water For Agriculture
The Ord River dam, completed in 1971, formed Australia's largest artificial lake in the far north west. Graeme Churchard/Flickr, CC BY-NC-SABy Willem Vervoort, University of SydneySome 27 irrigation and dam projects are highlighted in the green paper for agricultural competitiveness released this week by agriculture minister Barnaby Joyce. read more
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9:54 AM | So sex addicts have similar emotional difficulties as other addictive disorders?
We have in previous blogs discussed how substance addiction seems to have emotional processing and regulation deficits at the heart of their manifestation and act as pathomechanisms in propelling these disorders to eventual  chronicity. In the next series of blogs … Continue reading →
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8:38 AM | Can a brain scan tell us anything about the art of creative writing?
When an accomplished creative writer gets on with their craft, their brain operates in a somewhat different way to a novice's. A new imaging study suggests that the expert approach may be more streamlined, emotionally literate, and initially unfiltered.Katharina Erhard with her colleagues from the German universities of Greifswald and Hildesheim asked participants to read a fragment of a story, to brainstorm what could continue the narrative, and then, for two minutes, to write a continuation […]
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7:53 AM | Measuring the “Psychic” Change
Originally posted on The Alcoholics Guide to Alcoholism:Prolonged Abstinence and Changes in Alcoholic Personality? When I came into AA I remember hearing the words “the need for a psychic change” which was the product of a spiritual awakening (as the result of doing the 12 steps). The big Book of Alcoholics Anonymous clearly states…
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6:22 AM | OYM51: Pruning and Postdocs
On Your Mind is going international!  Liam and Kat will be heading to Washington this year for the 2014 Society for Neuroscience Meeting.  We’ve even got an exhibitor booth this year!  So, if you’re attending the conference, stop by to say hello and talk science with the team. It’s the calm before the storm for ...read more The post OYM51: Pruning and Postdocs appeared first on On Your Mind Podcast.
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3:49 AM | Why Climate 'Uncertainty' Is No Excuse For Doing Nothing
Science can't tell us exactly when the rising oceans will swallow up the Maldives, but it can give us a good idea. Credit: Hiroyuki-H, CC BY-SABy Richard Pancost, University of Bristol and Stephan Lewandowsky, University of Bristol read more
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1:46 AM | It’s cell type differention, not cell fate determination (2)
See: It’s cell type differention, not cell fate determination High-throughput engineering of a mammalian genome reveals building principles of methylation states at CG rich regions Excerpt: “…deviation from the derived models is a characteristic hallmark of methylation changes associated with...Read more
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1:42 AM | Violent Immersion: How 3-D Gaming Affects Player Emotions
Playing violent video games in 3-D makes everything seem more real –  and in a new study researchers found that people who played violent video games in 3-D showed more evidence of anger afterward than people who played games on 2-D systems.  That may have troubling consequences for young players, according to an upcoming paper in Psychology of Popular Media Culture.read more
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12:30 AM | Slavery In America: Back In The Headlines
The Slave Trade painted by a French abolitionist artist.By Daina Ramey Berry, University of TexasPeople think they know everything about slavery in the United States, but they don’t. They think the majority of African slaves came to the American colonies, but they didn’t. They talk about 400 hundred years of slavery, but it wasn’t. They claim all Southerners owned slaves, but they didn’t. Some argue it was a long time ago, but it wasn’t. read more
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12:00 AM | Integrated Science Instrument Module: Webb Telescope's Heart Survives Deep Freeze Test
Though it has been in the works since 1996 and long passed both its original 2011 completion date and even the most aggressive budget estimate, the James Webb Space Telescope has a milestone that may get people excited: after 116 days of extremely frigid temperatures like that in space, the heart of the James Webb Space Telescope, the Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM) and its sensitive instruments, emerged unscathed from the thermal vacuum chamber at NASA's Goddard Space […]

October 21, 2014

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11:30 PM | In Defense Of NIMBY-ism
It's easy to sneer at people for protecting their backyards, but what if there's a compelling reason to do so? Mickey DeRham photos, CC BY-NCBy Naomi Oreskes, Professor of the History of Science at Harvard University.The term NIMBY – “not in my back yard"– has long been used to criticize people who oppose commercial or industrial development in their communities. Invariably pejorative, it casts citizens as selfish individualists who care only for themselves, hypocrites who […]
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