We expect of our jurors and judges calm, reasoned evaluation of the evidence. Of course we know the reality is rather different - prejudice and emotional reactions will always play their part. Now two new studies add insight into the ways people's legal judgements depart from cool objectivity.Beatrice Capestany and Lasana Harris focused on two main factors - the disgust level of a crime, and whether or not the perpetrators' personality was described in biological terms. Seventeen participants
Capestany, B. & Harris, L. (2014). Disgust and biological descriptions bias logical reasoning during legal decision-making, Social Neuroscience, 9 (3) 265-277. DOI: 10.1080/17470919.2014.892531
Vasquez, E., Loughnan, S., Gootjes-Dreesbach, E. & Weger, U. (2014). The animal in you: Animalistic descriptions of a violent crime increase punishment of perpetrator, Aggressive Behavior, 40 (4) 337-344. DOI: 10.1002/ab.21525
"These results confirm the elevation of urinary p-cresol in a sizable set of small autistic children and spur interest into biomarker roles for p-cresol and p-cresylsulfate in autism".The peasant dance @ Wikipedia That was the primary conclusion from the paper by Gabriele and colleagues  looking at "three components of urinary p-cresol, namely p-cresylsulfate, p-cresylglucuronate and free p-cresol" in samples from 33 participants diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder
Gabriele S, Sacco R, Cerullo S, Neri C, Urbani A, Tripi G, Malvy J, Barthelemy C, Bonnet-Brihault F & Persico AM & (2014). Urinary p-cresol is elevated in young French children with autism spectrum disorder: a replication study., Biomarkers : biochemical indicators of exposure, response, and susceptibility to chemicals, 1-8. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25010144
Where are they?
Close-up view of the meninges surrounding the brain.
The term meninges comes from the Greek for "membrane" and refers to the three membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. The membrane layers (discussed in detail below) from the outside in are the: dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater. Their positioning around the brain can be seen in the image to the right.What are they and what do they do?The brain is soft and mushy, and
Patel, N. & Kirmi, O. (2009). Anatomy and Imaging of the Normal Meninges, Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI, 30 (6) 559-564. DOI: 10.1053/j.sult.2009.08.006
Fish might not be the first thing you think about when we talk spinal cord injury but that is exactly what scientists are doing. Don’t ask where they got the […]
Lewandowski, G. & Steward, O. (2014). AAVshRNA-Mediated Suppression of PTEN in Adult Rats in Combination with Salmon Fibrin Administration Enables Regenerative Growth of Corticospinal Axons and Enhances Recovery of Voluntary Motor Function after Cervical Spinal Cord Injury, Journal of Neuroscience, 34 (30) 9951-9962. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1996-14.2014
The plane crash in Ukraine brings up many questions related to loss and grief. How will those left behind cope with the devastating event? How can we support them? With regard to how young people cope with bereavement, Mariken Spuij’s … Continue reading →
Spuij M, Prinzie P, Dekovic M, van den Bout J & Boelen PA (2013). The effectiveness of Grief-Help, a cognitive behavioural treatment for prolonged grief in children: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial., Trials, 14 395. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24252587