Posts

February 28, 2015

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7:46 PM | Life, NOT as we know it
Life as we know it, when we peer deep into the vastness of space we look for someone — or something — that resembles ourselves. Carbon based, needs water lifeforms, but what if we’re being narrow-minded? A new type of methane-based, oxygen-free life form that can metabolize and reproduce similar to life on Earth has […]

James Stevenson,, Jonathan Lunine, & Paulette Clancy (2015). Membrane alternatives in worlds without oxygen: Creation of an azotosome, Science Advances, Other:

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11:30 AM | Psychology Around the Net: February 28, 2015
Check out this week’s Psychology Around the Net to learn more about smokers and their relationships to anxiety and depression, how your state ranks regarding the five aspects of life satisfaction, neurons that predict how we might react in particular situations, and more. Neurons That Help Predict What Another Individual Will Do Identified: Scientists have […]

February 27, 2015

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10:23 PM | New compounds protect nerves from the damage of MS
Autoimmune diseases are tough to live with, frankly we don’t really understand the reasons they start at all, how to treat them, or even where to start in forming a cure. Well there might be some good news — as far as a treatment goes anyway — a newly characterized group of pharmacological compounds block […]

Haines, J., Herbin, O., de la Hera, B., Vidaurre, O., Moy, G., Sun, Q., Fung, H., Albrecht, S., Alexandropoulos, K., McCauley, D. & Chook, Y. (2015). Nuclear export inhibitors avert progression in preclinical models of inflammatory demyelination, Nature Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1038/nn.3953

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10:23 PM | New compounds protect nerves from the damage of MS
Autoimmune diseases are tough to live with, frankly we don’t really understand the reasons they start at all, how to treat them, or even where to start in forming a cure. Well there might be some good news — as far as a treatment goes anyway — a newly characterized group of pharmacological compounds block […]

Haines, J., Herbin, O., de la Hera, B., Vidaurre, O., Moy, G., Sun, Q., Fung, H., Albrecht, S., Alexandropoulos, K., McCauley, D. & Chook, Y. (2015). Nuclear export inhibitors avert progression in preclinical models of inflammatory demyelination, Nature Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1038/nn.3953

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7:05 PM | What the media missed about #TheDress
Blue/black vs. white/gold isn’t the point. How #dressgate has opened up many more interesting questions about vision and the brain. by Amanda Alvarez   It’s not often that the Twitterverse … Continue reading →
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5:51 PM | Do spayed and neutered dogs get cancer more often?
[Note: this post was originally published at the lovely Julie Hecht's Dog Spies blog at Scientific American.]Where I live, in America, it’s taken for granted that responsible owners spay or neuter their dogs. The population of homeless animals is still large enough that risking an unwanted litter is, to many owners, unthinkable. And spay/neuter is just what people do. But two papers were published, in 2013 and 2014, suggesting that these widely accepted surgical procedures may lead […]
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5:00 PM | Why is This Weevil #BlueandBlack? And How Do We Know?
Do you see blue and black here? The insect pictured above is a weevil from the genus Eupholus, a specimen in the entomology collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University. You’re looking at this blue and black (and partly iridescent green) weevil today because we’re making a shameless ploy for attention on … Continue reading →

February 26, 2015

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8:04 PM | Dr. Frankenstein might be impressed, the human head transplant
Sure it sounds like something from the book Frankenstein, but Sergio Canavero of the Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group has made it known that he intends to announce at this summer’s American Academy of Neurological and Orthopedic Surgeons meeting, that he believes he has put together a group of techniques that should make it possible to […]

Canavero, S. (2015). The "Gemini" spinal cord fusion protocol: Reloaded, Surgical Neurology International, 6 (1) 18. DOI: 10.4103/2152-7806.150674

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8:04 PM | Dr. Frankenstein might be impressed, the human head transplant
Sure it sounds like something from the book Frankenstein, but Sergio Canavero of the Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group has made it known that he intends to announce at this summer’s American Academy of Neurological and Orthopedic Surgeons meeting, that he believes he has put together a group of techniques that should make it possible to […]

Canavero, S. (2015). The "Gemini" spinal cord fusion protocol: Reloaded, Surgical Neurology International, 6 (1) 18. DOI: 10.4103/2152-7806.150674

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8:04 PM | Dr. Frankenstein might be impressed, the human head transplant
Sure it sounds like something from the book Frankenstein, but Sergio Canavero of the Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group has made it known that he intends to announce at this summer’s American Academy of Neurological and Orthopedic Surgeons meeting, that he believes he has put together a group of techniques that should make it possible to […]

Canavero, S. (2015). The "Gemini" spinal cord fusion protocol: Reloaded, Surgical Neurology International, 6 (1) 18. DOI: 10.4103/2152-7806.150674

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4:07 PM | Michael Vassar: The Current State of Medical Research is...
Michael Vassar: The Current State of Medical Research is Unacceptable Michael Vassar is Co-founder and Chief Science Officer of MetaMed Research, a medical consulting firm that conducts personalized medical research for clients. In this video interview, Vassar explains why the impetus for founding the company and dissects the many faults of modern medical research. Most notably, Vassar decries the fact that we have “essentially banned the sort of research which has given us all of our […]

February 25, 2015

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8:38 PM | The food additive that may be promoting obesity and metabolic syndrome
People say to avoid processed foods, while I don’t agree with that fully, a new study suggests that a common food additive may be causing problems. Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes […]

Chassaing, B., Koren, O., Goodrich, J., Poole, A., Srinivasan, S., Ley, R. & Gewirtz, A. (2015). Dietary emulsifiers impact the mouse gut microbiota promoting colitis and metabolic syndrome, Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature14232

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8:38 PM | The food additive that may be promoting obesity and metabolic syndrome
People say to avoid processed foods, while I don’t agree with that fully, a new study suggests that a common food additive may be causing problems. Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes […]

Chassaing, B., Koren, O., Goodrich, J., Poole, A., Srinivasan, S., Ley, R. & Gewirtz, A. (2015). Dietary emulsifiers impact the mouse gut microbiota promoting colitis and metabolic syndrome, Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature14232

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8:38 PM | The food additive that may be promoting obesity and metabolic syndrome
People say to avoid processed foods, while I don’t agree with that fully, a new study suggests that a common food additive may be causing problems. Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes […]

Chassaing, B., Koren, O., Goodrich, J., Poole, A., Srinivasan, S., Ley, R. & Gewirtz, A. (2015). Dietary emulsifiers impact the mouse gut microbiota promoting colitis and metabolic syndrome, Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature14232

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8:38 PM | The food additive that may be promoting obesity and metabolic syndrome
People say to avoid processed foods, while I don’t agree with that fully, a new study suggests that a common food additive may be causing problems. Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes […]

Chassaing, B., Koren, O., Goodrich, J., Poole, A., Srinivasan, S., Ley, R. & Gewirtz, A. (2015). Dietary emulsifiers impact the mouse gut microbiota promoting colitis and metabolic syndrome, Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature14232

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8:38 PM | The food additive that may be promoting obesity and metabolic syndrome
People say to avoid processed foods, while I don’t agree with that fully, a new study suggests that a common food additive may be causing problems. Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes […]

Chassaing, B., Koren, O., Goodrich, J., Poole, A., Srinivasan, S., Ley, R. & Gewirtz, A. (2015). Dietary emulsifiers impact the mouse gut microbiota promoting colitis and metabolic syndrome, Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature14232

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4:05 PM | 4 Ways a Child with Autism Affects Family Life
An autism diagnosis not only changes the life of the child diagnosed, but also that of family members. Parents of an autistic child have to bear a lot of stress owing to complicated therapy schedules, home treatments, and juggling job responsibilities and family commitments. There is also financial stress coming from the expensive therapies and […]
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1:37 PM | Should mice be used to study the human gut microbiome?
In recent years, the trillions of bacteria living in our guts have risen from obscurity to stardom. Hyped press releases claim that probiotics and faecal transplants might one day treat almost everything, from bowel inflictions to obesity. These studies often involve mice, but are these rodents really a suitable model for microbiome research?The gut microbiome has been associated with an ever-growing list of diseases, including obesity, diabetes and even mental disorders such as […]

Nguyen T.L.A., A. Liston & J. Raes (2015). How informative is the mouse for human gut microbiota research?, Disease Models , 8 (1) 1-16. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/dmm.017400

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Editor's Pick
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1:30 PM | Why You Need to Socialize Your Puppy
The importance of socialization can’t be stressed enough.These days, more and more people understand that puppies need to be socialized. But sometimes people wonder, how do we know this? It’s based on classic research in canine science.Many papers contribute to our understanding of puppies. In 1950, J.P. Scott and Mary-‘Vesta Marston published a study of 17 litters, including the earliest age at which they opened their eyes for the first time, began to walk, and engaged in […]

Fox, M. (1969). Behavioral Effects of Rearing Dogs With Cats During the 'Critical Period of Socialization', Behaviour, 35 (3) 273-280. DOI: 10.1163/156853969X00242

Freedman, D., King, J. & Elliot, O. (1961). Critical Period in the Social Development of Dogs, Science, 133 (3457) 1016-1017. DOI: 10.1126/science.133.3457.1016

Pfaffenberger, C. & Scott, J. (1959). The Relationship between Delayed Socialization and Trainability in Guide Dogs, The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 95 (1) 145-155. DOI: 10.1080/00221325.1959.10534251

Scott, J. & Marston, M. (1950). Critical Periods Affecting the Development of Normal and Mal-Adjustive Social Behavior of Puppies, The Pedagogical Seminary and Journal of Genetic Psychology, 77 (1) 25-60. DOI: 10.1080/08856559.1950.10533536

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10:09 AM | Mini Lecture: Cosmology
How has our picture of the universe developed in the history of cosmology? Starting from the Big Bang Theory to the concept of the accelerating expansion of the universe, this Mini Lecture explores the evolutionary origin and development of the universe. Historical as well as up-to-date lecture snippets of the physicists George Smoot, Brian Schmidt […]
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8:55 AM | Fresh meat – from the lab?
Stem cell biology often dominates headlines, whipping up excitement and terror simultaneously. A stem cell is simply a cell that has the potential to become one of several different cell types – for example, muscle, liver or heart. Such possibilities have sparked hopes that we will enter the age of regenerative medicine. But stem cells […]

February 24, 2015

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10:35 PM | How Personal Writing Can Positively Affect Mental Health
When I write, I aim to get my work published and share my stories with others, hoping that it could leave an impact of some kind. If I can touch at least one person with my writing, I deem the whole process worth it. “If I can string words together to explain life, in some […]
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9:38 PM | Move over oil, new pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more
Alternative fuels have a few large problems making them horrible options over oil (which is already a horrible choice). However, researchers may have finally eliminated one of those problems, cost. The team has invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing […]

Nguyen, T., Cai, C., Kumar, R. & Wyman, C. (2015). Co-solvent Pretreatment Reduces Costly Enzyme Requirements for High Sugar and Ethanol Yields from Lignocellulosic Biomass, ChemSusChem, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201403045

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9:38 PM | Move over oil, new pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more
Alternative fuels have a few large problems making them horrible options over oil (which is already a horrible choice). However, researchers may have finally eliminated one of those problems, cost. The team has invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing […]

Nguyen, T., Cai, C., Kumar, R. & Wyman, C. (2015). Co-solvent Pretreatment Reduces Costly Enzyme Requirements for High Sugar and Ethanol Yields from Lignocellulosic Biomass, ChemSusChem, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201403045

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9:38 PM | Move over oil, new pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more
Alternative fuels have a few large problems making them horrible options over oil (which is already a horrible choice). However, researchers may have finally eliminated one of those problems, cost. The team has invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing […]

Nguyen, T., Cai, C., Kumar, R. & Wyman, C. (2015). Co-solvent Pretreatment Reduces Costly Enzyme Requirements for High Sugar and Ethanol Yields from Lignocellulosic Biomass, ChemSusChem, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201403045

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9:38 PM | Move over oil, new pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more
Alternative fuels have a few large problems making them horrible options over oil (which is already a horrible choice). However, researchers may have finally eliminated one of those problems, cost. The team has invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing […]

Nguyen, T., Cai, C., Kumar, R. & Wyman, C. (2015). Co-solvent Pretreatment Reduces Costly Enzyme Requirements for High Sugar and Ethanol Yields from Lignocellulosic Biomass, ChemSusChem, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201403045

Citation
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9:38 PM | Move over oil, new pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more
Alternative fuels have a few large problems making them horrible options over oil (which is already a horrible choice). However, researchers may have finally eliminated one of those problems, cost. The team has invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing […]

Nguyen, T., Cai, C., Kumar, R. & Wyman, C. (2015). Co-solvent Pretreatment Reduces Costly Enzyme Requirements for High Sugar and Ethanol Yields from Lignocellulosic Biomass, ChemSusChem, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201403045

Citation
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9:38 PM | Move over oil, new pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more
Alternative fuels have a few large problems making them horrible options over oil (which is already a horrible choice). However, researchers may have finally eliminated one of those problems, cost. The team has invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing […]

Nguyen, T., Cai, C., Kumar, R. & Wyman, C. (2015). Co-solvent Pretreatment Reduces Costly Enzyme Requirements for High Sugar and Ethanol Yields from Lignocellulosic Biomass, ChemSusChem, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201403045

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3:55 PM | Marking Progress in Medical Education and Research
Editors’ Note: A recent study that appears in the journal Academic Medicine proposes a new way to rank medical schools. If this methodology were formally adopted, Albert Einstein College of Medicine would place in the top 10 percent of all U.S. medical schools. Besides educating the next generation of doctors, Einstein strongly values basic science, [...]
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1:11 PM | On the relation between data quality and analysis results
“Analysis results can only be as good as the underlying data are.” – Is this really the whole truth? I have used this argument numerous times; especially when clients and data providers were dissatisfied with analysis results. And I’m totally convinced that in most cases the argument is valid. During the last few years I’ve […]
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