Posts

October 31, 2014

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11:14 PM | latest interviews on the philosophy of religion(s)
“But is the existence of God just a philosophical question, like, say, the definition of knowledge or the existence of Plato’s forms?” Gary Gutting, NYT Although I stopped following The Stone‘s interviews of philosophers about their views on religion, six more took place and Gary Gutting has now closed the series he started a while […]
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4:05 PM | I Need How Many Calories? Caloric Needs in Bulimia Nervosa Patients
In the 1980s, a few studies came out suggesting that patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) require fewer calories for weight maintenance than anorexia nervosa patients (e.g., Newman, Halmi, & Marchi, 1987) and healthy female controls (e.g., Gwirtsman et al., 1989). Gwirtsman et al. (1989), after finding that patients with bulimia nervosa required few calories for weight maintenance than healthy volunteers, had these suggestions for clinicians: When bulimic patients are […]

de Zwaan, M., Aslam, Z. & Mitchell, J.E. (2002). Research on energy expenditure in individuals with eating disorders: a review., International Journal of Eating Disorders, 31 (4) 361-9. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11948641

Gwirtsman, H.E., Kaye, W.H., Obarzanek, E., George, D.T., Jimerson, D.C. & Ebert, M.H. (1989). Decreased caloric intake in normal-weight patients with bulimia: comparison with female volunteers., American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 49 (1) 86-92. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2912015

Kotler LA, Devlin MJ, Matthews DE & Walsh BT (2001). Total energy expenditure as measured by doubly-labeled water in outpatients with bulimia nervosa., International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29 (4) 470-6. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11285585

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3:45 PM | How Mindful Analogies Can Help Kids in Therapy
School-aged children (6 to 11 years) often wonder why they are sitting in your office for therapy. Many thoughts and emotions are associated with coming to a mental health provider’s office, including curiosity, anxiety and even fear. In order to help kids deal with whatever may be bringing them to therapy, it’s important that they […]
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11:30 AM | Holy Frijoles! Swearing is a natural pain-killer
Stubbing your toe has to rank as one of the most painful experiences ever. Beaten only, perhaps, by a bonnet lid falling on your head or trying to pass a kidney stone. Such agonies momentarily wrack the senses, making us see red while focusing our entire being on our toe – or head – or … Continue reading →
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10:30 AM | Best of Our Blogs: October 31, 2014
Today is Halloween. Why is this dark holiday so popular with adults, not just kids? I think dressing up offers the opportunity to: 1) shed our seriousness for the night by being someone else 2) wear our shadows on our sleeves and 3) make fun of what scares us. Someone who is shy, quiet and […]
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9:06 AM | Caesarean section births and autism risk?
It was a familiar story. Big media headlines such as: Caesarean sections 'may increase risk of autism' appearing all over, but when it came to finding the study behind the headlines, the publishing journal seemed to be trailing a little way behind. We've been in a similar situation before."As the flames rose to her Roman nose"Anyhow, the paper by Eileen Curran and colleagues [1] (open-access) has finally made it to the research table and hence is fodder for today's ramblings with the […]

Curran EA, O'Neill SM, Cryan JF, Kenny LC, Dinan TG, Khashan AS & Kearney PM (2014). Research Review: Birth by caesarean section and development of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis., Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25348074

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8:00 AM | Guest Post: The Three Quarks of Life
This is a tough post to read, tougher to look at.  Some background might help. In 1993 Chris Arnade got a PhD in physics and then went to work on Wall Street.  Starting in 2007, Chris started taking long walks with his camera through New York City, where he found a lot of ambiguity and unsolvable […]
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8:00 AM | Guest Post: The Three Quarks of Life
This is a tough post to read, tougher to look at.  Some background might help. In 1993 Chris Arnade got a PhD in physics and then went to work on Wall Street.  Starting in 2007, Chris started taking long walks with his camera through New York City, where he found a lot of ambiguity and unsolvable […]
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5:36 AM | Sexual Fantasies: Threesomes Are Normal, Golden Showers Not So Much
Fantasizing about sex with two women is common but fantasizing about being urinated on - called a golden shower - is not. That's just one of the findings from a research project on sexual deviation undertaken by scholars at Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal and Institut Philippe-Pinel de Montréal. Deviant sexual fantasies are addressed in numerous speculations and conjectures by psychologists but atypical fantasies (paraphilias) are so subjective they […]
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1:13 AM | Coulrophobia: Are Clowns Scary? Ha Ha Aaaargh
In the realm of pop culture, 'killer clowns' have really proliferated and fostered coulrophobia – the fear of clowns. Mark CrossfieldBy Fiona Gregory, Monash UniversityWhen Australian singer and TV personality Mark Holden appeared as a clown recently on Channel 7’s "Dancing with the Stars", his supposedly “bizarre” behavior sparked furious debate and complaints to the network, demonstrating the problematic nature of the clown figure today. read more

October 30, 2014

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11:04 PM | Halloween: the science of cashing in | Dean Burnett
Halloween is increasingly popular, so you can expect to see countless articles, adverts, TV shows, product offers and more all themed around it, even if the association is extremely tenuous. Why does this happen? And isnt this article just another blatant example of it? Yes, yes it is.Its Halloween again. It feels like its only been a year since this blog last clumsily tried to combine science and Halloween in a desperate bid to gain extra traffic from the fleeting society-wide interest in […]
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7:45 PM | Zombies: Science Fiction vs. Fact
Well in the spirit of Halloween I thought I would make a nice little zombie post. Zombies, those brain loving little guys, [and girls] are everywhere. From shows like The Walking […]

Lafferty KD (2006). Can the common brain parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, influence human culture?, Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society, 273 (1602) 2749-55. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17015323

Vyas A, Kim SK, Giacomini N, Boothroyd JC & Sapolsky RM (2007). Behavioral changes induced by Toxoplasma infection of rodents are highly specific to aversion of cat odors., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (15) 6442-7. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17404235

Passamonti L, Crockett MJ, Apergis-Schoute AM, Clark L, Rowe JB, Calder AJ & Robbins TW (2012). Effects of acute tryptophan depletion on prefrontal-amygdala connectivity while viewing facial signals of aggression., Biological psychiatry, 71 (1) 36-43. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21920502

Thomas, F., Schmidt-Rhaesa, A., Martin, G., Manu, C., Durand, P. & Renaud, F. (2002). Do hairworms (Nematomorpha) manipulate the water seeking behaviour of their terrestrial hosts?, Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 15 (3) 356-361. DOI: 10.1046/j.1420-9101.2002.00410.x

W. Wesołowska T. Wesołowski (2014). Do Leucochloridium sporocysts manipulate the behaviour of their snail hosts?, Journal of Zoology , 292 (3) 151-155. Other:

Citation
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7:45 PM | Zombies: Science Fiction vs. Fact
Well in the spirit of Halloween I thought I would make a nice little zombie post. Zombies, those brain loving little guys, [and girls] are everywhere. From shows like The Walking […]

Lafferty KD (2006). Can the common brain parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, influence human culture?, Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society, 273 (1602) 2749-55. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17015323

Vyas A, Kim SK, Giacomini N, Boothroyd JC & Sapolsky RM (2007). Behavioral changes induced by Toxoplasma infection of rodents are highly specific to aversion of cat odors., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (15) 6442-7. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17404235

Passamonti L, Crockett MJ, Apergis-Schoute AM, Clark L, Rowe JB, Calder AJ & Robbins TW (2012). Effects of acute tryptophan depletion on prefrontal-amygdala connectivity while viewing facial signals of aggression., Biological psychiatry, 71 (1) 36-43. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21920502

Thomas, F., Schmidt-Rhaesa, A., Martin, G., Manu, C., Durand, P. & Renaud, F. (2002). Do hairworms (Nematomorpha) manipulate the water seeking behaviour of their terrestrial hosts?, Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 15 (3) 356-361. DOI: 10.1046/j.1420-9101.2002.00410.x

W. Wesołowska T. Wesołowski (2014). Do Leucochloridium sporocysts manipulate the behaviour of their snail hosts?, Journal of Zoology , 292 (3) 151-155. Other:

Citation
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7:45 PM | Zombies: Science Fiction vs. Fact
Well in the spirit of Halloween I thought I would make a nice little zombie post. Zombies, those brain loving little guys, [and girls] are everywhere. From shows like The Walking […]

Lafferty KD (2006). Can the common brain parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, influence human culture?, Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society, 273 (1602) 2749-55. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17015323

Vyas A, Kim SK, Giacomini N, Boothroyd JC & Sapolsky RM (2007). Behavioral changes induced by Toxoplasma infection of rodents are highly specific to aversion of cat odors., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (15) 6442-7. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17404235

Passamonti L, Crockett MJ, Apergis-Schoute AM, Clark L, Rowe JB, Calder AJ & Robbins TW (2012). Effects of acute tryptophan depletion on prefrontal-amygdala connectivity while viewing facial signals of aggression., Biological psychiatry, 71 (1) 36-43. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21920502

Thomas, F., Schmidt-Rhaesa, A., Martin, G., Manu, C., Durand, P. & Renaud, F. (2002). Do hairworms (Nematomorpha) manipulate the water seeking behaviour of their terrestrial hosts?, Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 15 (3) 356-361. DOI: 10.1046/j.1420-9101.2002.00410.x

W. Wesołowska T. Wesołowski (2014). Do Leucochloridium sporocysts manipulate the behaviour of their snail hosts?, Journal of Zoology , 292 (3) 151-155. Other:

Citation
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7:45 PM | Zombies: Science Fiction vs. Fact
Well in the spirit of Halloween I thought I would make a nice little zombie post. Zombies, those brain loving little guys, [and girls] are everywhere. From shows like The Walking […]

Lafferty KD (2006). Can the common brain parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, influence human culture?, Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society, 273 (1602) 2749-55. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17015323

Vyas A, Kim SK, Giacomini N, Boothroyd JC & Sapolsky RM (2007). Behavioral changes induced by Toxoplasma infection of rodents are highly specific to aversion of cat odors., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (15) 6442-7. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17404235

Passamonti L, Crockett MJ, Apergis-Schoute AM, Clark L, Rowe JB, Calder AJ & Robbins TW (2012). Effects of acute tryptophan depletion on prefrontal-amygdala connectivity while viewing facial signals of aggression., Biological psychiatry, 71 (1) 36-43. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21920502

Thomas, F., Schmidt-Rhaesa, A., Martin, G., Manu, C., Durand, P. & Renaud, F. (2002). Do hairworms (Nematomorpha) manipulate the water seeking behaviour of their terrestrial hosts?, Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 15 (3) 356-361. DOI: 10.1046/j.1420-9101.2002.00410.x

W. Wesołowska T. Wesołowski (2014). Do Leucochloridium sporocysts manipulate the behaviour of their snail hosts?, Journal of Zoology , 292 (3) 151-155. Other:

Citation
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5:01 PM | Sadness Lasts 240X Longer Than Other Emotions
A new psychology paper says people feel sad up to 240 times longer than they do ashamed, surprised, irritated or even bored. The reason may be because sadness often goes hand in hand with events of greater impact such as death or accidents and so we need more time to mull over and cope with what happened to fully comprehend it, say Philippe Verduyn and Saskia Lavrijsen of the University of Leuven in Belgium, who asked 233 high school students to recollect recent emotional episodes and report […]
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4:22 PM | NEW VIDEO! Why I’m Scared of Spiders In a scientific...
NEW VIDEO! Why I’m Scared of Spiders In a scientific sense, I love spiders. Their intricate webs, their beautiful colors, their glassy little eyes… but I do not love them in the 3-D, actually-in-my-presence sense. I expect some of you are just like me in that regard. According to scientists, insects, spiders, and other creepy-crawlies rank as some of the most commonly reported fears in people of all ages. My rational side tells me that there’s nothing to be scared of. Science […]
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3:10 PM | Why It May Not Pay To Steal Someone Else's Partner
A surprising number of relationships are the product of "mate poaching", the ethically dubious practice of stealing someone else's partner. Though common, nearly nothing is known about the quality of the ensuing relationships. New research now suggests they suffer both in the short- and long-term.Read more...
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2:00 PM | Jays Find Others’ Food Stashes Through Eavesdropping
Eurasian Jays are known for caching food and remembering its location for later. They’re also known for their tendency to pilfer the caches of other jays. A new study shows jays can find other birds’ food stashes by watching or simply listening to them caching. Read my latest Zoologic post: Sneaky Jays Look and Listen to Steal From Other s.
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11:38 AM | Fright Week: The Stranger in the Mirror
In the mirror we see our physical selves as we truly are, even though the image might not live up to what we want, or what we once were. But we recognize the image as “self”. In rare instances, however, this reality breaks down.In Black Swan, Natalie Portman plays Nina Sayers, a ballerina who auditions for the lead in Swan Lake. The role requires her to dance the part of the innocent White Swan (for which she is well-suited), as well as her evil twin the Black Swan — which is […]

Barnier AJ, Cox RE, Connors M, Langdon R & Coltheart M (2011). A stranger in the looking glass: developing and challenging a hypnotic mirrored-self misidentification delusion., The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis, 59 (1) 1-26. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21104482

Chandra SR & Issac TG (2014). Mirror image agnosia., Indian journal of psychological medicine, 36 (4) 400-3. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25336773

Connors MH & Coltheart M (2011). On the behaviour of senile dementia patients vis-à-vis the mirror: Ajuriaguerra, Strejilevitch and Tissot (1963)., Neuropsychologia, 49 (7) 1679-92. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21356221

Mendez MF, Martin RJ, Smyth KA & Whitehouse PJ (1992). Disturbances of person identification in Alzheimer's disease. A retrospective study., The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 180 (2) 94-6. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1737981

Citation
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11:38 AM | Fright Week: The Stranger in the Mirror
In the mirror we see our physical selves as we truly are, even though the image might not live up to what we want, or what we once were. But we recognize the image as “self”. In rare instances, however, this reality breaks down.In Black Swan, Natalie Portman plays Nina Sayers, a ballerina who auditions for the lead in Swan Lake. The role requires her to dance the part of the innocent White Swan (for which she is well-suited), as well as her evil twin the Black Swan — which is […]

Barnier AJ, Cox RE, Connors M, Langdon R & Coltheart M (2011). A stranger in the looking glass: developing and challenging a hypnotic mirrored-self misidentification delusion., The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis, 59 (1) 1-26. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21104482

Chandra SR & Issac TG (2014). Mirror image agnosia., Indian journal of psychological medicine, 36 (4) 400-3. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25336773

Connors MH & Coltheart M (2011). On the behaviour of senile dementia patients vis-à-vis the mirror: Ajuriaguerra, Strejilevitch and Tissot (1963)., Neuropsychologia, 49 (7) 1679-92. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21356221

Mendez MF, Martin RJ, Smyth KA & Whitehouse PJ (1992). Disturbances of person identification in Alzheimer's disease. A retrospective study., The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 180 (2) 94-6. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1737981

Citation
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11:38 AM | Fright Week: The Stranger in the Mirror
In the mirror we see our physical selves as we truly are, even though the image might not live up to what we want, or what we once were. But we recognize the image as “self”. In rare instances, however, this reality breaks down.In Black Swan, Natalie Portman plays Nina Sayers, a ballerina who auditions for the lead in Swan Lake. The role requires her to dance the part of the innocent White Swan (for which she is well-suited), as well as her evil twin the Black Swan — which is […]

Barnier AJ, Cox RE, Connors M, Langdon R & Coltheart M (2011). A stranger in the looking glass: developing and challenging a hypnotic mirrored-self misidentification delusion., The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis, 59 (1) 1-26. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21104482

Chandra SR & Issac TG (2014). Mirror image agnosia., Indian journal of psychological medicine, 36 (4) 400-3. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25336773

Connors MH & Coltheart M (2011). On the behaviour of senile dementia patients vis-à-vis the mirror: Ajuriaguerra, Strejilevitch and Tissot (1963)., Neuropsychologia, 49 (7) 1679-92. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21356221

Mendez MF, Martin RJ, Smyth KA & Whitehouse PJ (1992). Disturbances of person identification in Alzheimer's disease. A retrospective study., The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 180 (2) 94-6. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1737981

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10:45 AM | Overcoming the Stigma of Couples Therapy
The word “therapy” carries unfortunate negative connotations in our society. Couples therapy provokes its own particular brand of stigma. Many couples keep the fact that they go to couples therapy private, out of fear of being judged by other couples, or seen as dysfunctional. Many are ashamed themselves of having to seek therapy. More still […]
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8:44 AM | Pain and adolescent Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
"We found a higher prevalence of severe pain among adolescents with CFS [Chronic Fatigue Syndrome] and lowered pain thresholds compared with HCs [healthy controls]".That was the headline generated by the study from Anette Winger and colleagues [1] (open-access) looking to describe several parameters tied into experience of pain in the context of CFS. Further: "The total sum of bodily symptoms represented a heavy burden with great functional consequences".Your hokey pokey […]

Winger, A., Kvarstein, G., Wyller, V., Sulheim, D., Fagermoen, E., Smastuen, M. & Helseth, S. (2014). Pain and pressure pain thresholds in adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy controls: a cross-sectional study, BMJ Open, 4 (10) DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005920

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October 29, 2014

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8:06 PM | Ask Lindsey №15: Sex Addiction & Penis Size via...
Ask Lindsey №15: Sex Addiction & Penis Size via tumblingdoe: Did i answer your questions? 15 and fascinated with sex? Motorcycle crash genital surgery? Straight porn, gay porn? Sex surrogates? Eating sushi off naked bodies? Sex addiction defined? Oral sex with a dental dam? Making the penis large? Sex drive changes?
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7:16 PM | Halloween’s Dormant Killer - Monster Science №12 Michael...
Halloween’s Dormant Killer - Monster Science №12 Michael Myers has proven quite the deceptive psycho killer, and it goes far beyond that pale mask he wears. Join Dr. Anton Jessup as he exposes the science of slashers who “play dead” for their victims. By: How Stuff Works.
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5:38 PM | This Video is Just For You by braincraft: Persuasive and...
This Video is Just For You by braincraft: Persuasive and personalised messages are all around us.
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12:30 PM | How Does a Dog's Brain Respond to the Smell of a Familiar Human?
And what does it tell us about the importance of people to their dogs?Photo: hitmanphoto / ShutterstockNew fMRI research by Gregory Berns et al (in press) shows that dog’s brains respond differently to the smell of a familiar human compared to an unfamiliar human and other canines – suggesting that certain people are special to their dogs.The research focussed on a part of the brain called the caudate, which has been much investigated in humans, monkeys and rats. The scientists […]

Berns, G., Brooks, A. & Spivak, M. (2014). Scent of the familiar: An fMRI study of canine brain responses to familiar and unfamiliar human and dog odors, Behavioural Processes, DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2014.02.011

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12:30 PM | How Does a Dog's Brain Respond to the Smell of a Familiar Human?
And what does it tell us about the importance of people to their dogs?Photo: hitmanphoto / ShutterstockNew fMRI research by Gregory Berns et al (in press) shows that dog’s brains respond differently to the smell of a familiar human compared to an unfamiliar human and other canines – suggesting that certain people are special to their dogs.The research focussed on a part of the brain called the caudate, which has been much investigated in humans, monkeys and rats. The scientists […]

Berns, G., Brooks, A. & Spivak, M. (2014). Scent of the familiar: An fMRI study of canine brain responses to familiar and unfamiliar human and dog odors, Behavioural Processes, DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2014.02.011

Citation
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12:30 PM | How Does a Dog's Brain Respond to the Smell of a Familiar Human?
And what does it tell us about the importance of people to their dogs?Photo: hitmanphoto / ShutterstockNew fMRI research by Gregory Berns et al (in press) shows that dog’s brains respond differently to the smell of a familiar human compared to an unfamiliar human and other canines – suggesting that certain people are special to their dogs.The research focussed on a part of the brain called the caudate, which has been much investigated in humans, monkeys and rats. The scientists […]

Berns, G., Brooks, A. & Spivak, M. (2014). Scent of the familiar: An fMRI study of canine brain responses to familiar and unfamiliar human and dog odors, Behavioural Processes, DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2014.02.011

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