Posts

March 28, 2015

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5:46 PM | Too much attention can be a deficit
Sometimes being too focused on a task is not a good thing. During tasks that require our attention, we might become so engrossed in what we are doing that we fail to notice there is a better way to get the job done. For example, let’s say you are coming out of a New York City […]

Nicolas W. Schuck, Robert Gaschler, Dorit Wenke, Jakob Heinzle, Peter A. Frensch, John-Dylan Haynes & Carlo Reverberi (2015). Medial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Internally Driven Strategy Shifts, Neuron, Other:

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5:46 PM | Too much attention can be a deficit
Sometimes being too focused on a task is not a good thing. During tasks that require our attention, we might become so engrossed in what we are doing that we fail to notice there is a better way to get the job done. For example, let’s say you are coming out of a New York City […]

Nicolas W. Schuck, Robert Gaschler, Dorit Wenke, Jakob Heinzle, Peter A. Frensch, John-Dylan Haynes & Carlo Reverberi (2015). Medial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Internally Driven Strategy Shifts, Neuron, Other:

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3:06 PM | Morsels For The Mind – 27/03/2015
Every day we provide you with Six Incredible Things Before Breakfast to nibble away at. Here you can fill your brain with the most intellectually stimulating “amuse bouches” from the past week – a veritable smorgasbord for the cranium. They’re all here for you to load up your plate – this week’s “Morsels for the mind”. Enjoy! If you do nothing else, make sure to check out the “Reads / views / listens of the week”. **** Feather, fur […]
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3:06 PM | Morsels For The Mind – 27/03/2015
Every day we provide you with Six Incredible Things Before Breakfast to nibble away at. Here you can fill your brain with the most intellectually stimulating “amuse bouches” from the past week – a veritable smorgasbord for the cranium. They’re all here for you to load up your plate – this week’s “Morsels for the mind”. Enjoy! If you do nothing else, make sure to check out the “Reads / views / listens of the week”. **** Feather, fur […]
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3:00 PM | Misbeliefs, evolution and games: a positive case
A recurrent theme here in TheEGG is the limits and reliability of knowledge. These get explored from many directions: on epistemological grounds, from the philosophy of science angle, but also formally, through game theory and simulations. In this post, I will explore the topic of misbeliefs as adaptations. Misbeliefs will be intended as ideas about […]

Kaznatcheev, A., Montrey, M. & Shultz, T.R. (2014). Evolving useful delusions: Subjectively rational selfishness leads to objectively irrational cooperation., Proceedings of the 36th annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society, arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.0041v1

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10:30 AM | Psychology Around the Net: March 28, 2015
This week’s edition of Psychology Around the Net covers everything from psychology and environmentalism, a new smartphone app for teens dealing with depression, and various misconceptions about psychology. The Surprising Psychology Behind Why Some People Become Environmentalists: Psychologists have started using tools such as surveys and questionnaires to delve into this polarized topic. 10 Steps […]
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8:27 AM | Screening for autism in preterm infants
"A positive screen on the M-CHAT [Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers] occurs more commonly in very preterm infants than those born at term."So said the study by Peter Gray and colleagues [1] as the topic of preterm status - that is, babies born alive before 37 weeks of pregnancy - potentially being linked to a greater risk of autism or at least, increased risk of screening positive for autism, crops up yet again on this blog (see here).Gray et al examined a cohort of children […]

Gray PH, Edwards DM, O'Callaghan MJ & Gibbons K (2015). Screening for autism spectrum disorder in very preterm infants during early childhood., Early human development, 91 (4) 271-276. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25766314

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March 27, 2015

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11:05 PM | Sobriety for a Love Addict
Unlike substance addictions (such as alcohol, cocaine or tobacco), love addiction is known as a process addiction. Process addictions include gambling, compulsive eating, shopping and sex addictions, and they often are more difficult to treat. Love addiction is particularly difficult because we actually do need love to function as healthy and happy human beings. To […]
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6:59 PM | When attention is a deficit: How the brain switches strategies to find better solutions (Neuron)
By Catherine Zandonella, Office of the Dean for Research Sometimes being too focused on a task is not a good thing. During tasks that require our attention, we might become so engrossed in what we are doing that we fail … Continue reading →
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3:40 PM | How Do We Know When A Pilot Isn’t Mentally Fit To Fly?
On Tuesday, the news of the Germanwings flight crash en route to Dusseldorf appeared to be another tragic accident, like the AirAsia and Malaysia Airlines flights of the…
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1:00 PM | Your Brain In The Supermarket
You're out shopping for basic goods you have bought many times. Is  choosing these products a complicated decision or a simple one?  It could be complex: Factors like price, quality, and brand loyalty may run through your mind. Indeed, some scholars have developed complicated models of consumer decision-making, in which people accumulate substantial product knowledge, then weigh that knowledge against the opportunity to explore less-known products. read more
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12:00 PM | The trolley and the psychopath
Stop me if you’ve heard this one. A trolley carrying five school children is headed for a cliff. You happen to be standing at the switch, and you could save their lives by diverting the trolley to another track. But there he is – an innocent fat man, picking daisies on that second track, oblivious […]
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12:00 PM | The trolley and the psychopath
Stop me if you’ve heard this one. A trolley carrying five school children is headed for a cliff. You happen to be standing at the switch, and you could save their lives by diverting the trolley to another track. But there he is – an innocent fat man, picking daisies on that second track, oblivious […]
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10:02 AM | Inflammation impairs social cognitive processing
A quote to begin: "acute inflammation can lead to decreases in the ability to accurately and reliably comprehend emotional information from others."It comes from the article published by Mona Moieni and colleagues [1] who examined a concept familiar to many people with a connection to autism either personally or professionally: Theory of Mind (ToM). Rather interestingly, Moieni et al "examined whether exposure to an experimental inflammatory challenge led to changes in ToM." […]

Moieni M, Irwin MR, Jevtic I, Breen EC & Eisenberger NI (2015). Inflammation impairs social cognitive processing: a randomized controlled trial of endotoxin., Brain, behavior, and immunity, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25770082

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8:00 AM | A week of links
Links this week: “If compulsory voting were to help Democrats at all, it would probably help the bad Democrats. The Democrats would end up running and electing more intolerant, innumerate, hawkish candidates.” The management / bureaucratic speak of World Bank reports. It’s worth clicking through to the full article. Paul Meehl was talking about today’s […]
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5:18 AM | Is a trauma focus truly needed in PTSD treatment?
Last month Joris Haagen shared Part 1 of a saga around the question whether a trauma focus is truly necessary in trauma treatment. Based on a meta-analysis, Benish, Wampold and their colleagues concluded that the answer is No. Their analysis, … Continue reading →

Barlow DH, Bullis JR, Comer JS & Ametaj AA (2013). Evidence-based psychological treatments: an update and a way forward., Annual review of clinical psychology, 9 1-27. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23245338

Gerger, H., Munder, T., Gemperli, A., Nüesch, E., Trelle, S., Jüni, P. & Barth, J. (2014). Integrating fragmented evidence by network meta-analysis: relative effectiveness of psychological interventions for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, Psychological Medicine, 44 3151-3164. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291714000853

Schnurr PP (2007). The rocks and hard places in psychotherapy outcome research., Journal of traumatic stress, 20 779-92. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17955539

Watts BV, Schnurr PP, Mayo L, Young-Xu Y, Weeks WB & Friedman MJ (2013). Meta-analysis of the efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder., The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 74 50. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23842024

Wampold BE, Imel ZE, Laska KM, Benish S, Miller SD, Flückiger C, Del Re AC, Baardseth TP & Budge S (2010). Determining what works in the treatment of PTSD., Clinical psychology review, 30 923-33. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20638168

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5:18 AM | Is a trauma focus truly needed in PTSD treatment?
Last month Joris Haagen shared Part 1 of a saga around the question whether a trauma focus is truly necessary in trauma treatment. Based on a meta-analysis, Benish, Wampold and their colleagues concluded that the answer is No. Their analysis, … Continue reading →

Barlow DH, Bullis JR, Comer JS & Ametaj AA (2013). Evidence-based psychological treatments: an update and a way forward., Annual review of clinical psychology, 9 1-27. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23245338

Gerger, H., Munder, T., Gemperli, A., Nüesch, E., Trelle, S., Jüni, P. & Barth, J. (2014). Integrating fragmented evidence by network meta-analysis: relative effectiveness of psychological interventions for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, Psychological Medicine, 44 3151-3164. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291714000853

Schnurr PP (2007). The rocks and hard places in psychotherapy outcome research., Journal of traumatic stress, 20 779-92. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17955539

Watts BV, Schnurr PP, Mayo L, Young-Xu Y, Weeks WB & Friedman MJ (2013). Meta-analysis of the efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder., The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 74 50. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23842024

Wampold BE, Imel ZE, Laska KM, Benish S, Miller SD, Flückiger C, Del Re AC, Baardseth TP & Budge S (2010). Determining what works in the treatment of PTSD., Clinical psychology review, 30 923-33. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20638168

Citation
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5:18 AM | Is a trauma focus truly needed in PTSD treatment?
Last month Joris Haagen shared Part 1 of a saga around the question whether a trauma focus is truly necessary in trauma treatment. Based on a meta-analysis, Benish, Wampold and their colleagues concluded that the answer is No. Their analysis, … Continue reading →

Barlow DH, Bullis JR, Comer JS & Ametaj AA (2013). Evidence-based psychological treatments: an update and a way forward., Annual review of clinical psychology, 9 1-27. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23245338

Gerger, H., Munder, T., Gemperli, A., Nüesch, E., Trelle, S., Jüni, P. & Barth, J. (2014). Integrating fragmented evidence by network meta-analysis: relative effectiveness of psychological interventions for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, Psychological Medicine, 44 3151-3164. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291714000853

Schnurr PP (2007). The rocks and hard places in psychotherapy outcome research., Journal of traumatic stress, 20 779-92. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17955539

Watts BV, Schnurr PP, Mayo L, Young-Xu Y, Weeks WB & Friedman MJ (2013). Meta-analysis of the efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder., The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 74 50. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23842024

Wampold BE, Imel ZE, Laska KM, Benish S, Miller SD, Flückiger C, Del Re AC, Baardseth TP & Budge S (2010). Determining what works in the treatment of PTSD., Clinical psychology review, 30 923-33. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20638168

Citation
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5:18 AM | Is a trauma focus truly needed in PTSD treatment?
Last month Joris Haagen shared Part 1 of a saga around the question whether a trauma focus is truly necessary in trauma treatment. Based on a meta-analysis, Benish, Wampold and their colleagues concluded that the answer is No. Their analysis, … Continue reading →

Barlow DH, Bullis JR, Comer JS & Ametaj AA (2013). Evidence-based psychological treatments: an update and a way forward., Annual review of clinical psychology, 9 1-27. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23245338

Gerger, H., Munder, T., Gemperli, A., Nüesch, E., Trelle, S., Jüni, P. & Barth, J. (2014). Integrating fragmented evidence by network meta-analysis: relative effectiveness of psychological interventions for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, Psychological Medicine, 44 3151-3164. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291714000853

Schnurr PP (2007). The rocks and hard places in psychotherapy outcome research., Journal of traumatic stress, 20 779-92. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17955539

Watts BV, Schnurr PP, Mayo L, Young-Xu Y, Weeks WB & Friedman MJ (2013). Meta-analysis of the efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder., The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 74 50. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23842024

Wampold BE, Imel ZE, Laska KM, Benish S, Miller SD, Flückiger C, Del Re AC, Baardseth TP & Budge S (2010). Determining what works in the treatment of PTSD., Clinical psychology review, 30 923-33. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20638168

Citation
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5:18 AM | Is a trauma focus truly needed in PTSD treatment?
Last month Joris Haagen shared Part 1 of a saga around the question whether a trauma focus is truly necessary in trauma treatment. Based on a meta-analysis, Benish, Wampold and their colleagues concluded that the answer is No. Their analysis, … Continue reading →

Barlow DH, Bullis JR, Comer JS & Ametaj AA (2013). Evidence-based psychological treatments: an update and a way forward., Annual review of clinical psychology, 9 1-27. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23245338

Gerger, H., Munder, T., Gemperli, A., Nüesch, E., Trelle, S., Jüni, P. & Barth, J. (2014). Integrating fragmented evidence by network meta-analysis: relative effectiveness of psychological interventions for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, Psychological Medicine, 44 3151-3164. DOI: 10.1017/S0033291714000853

Schnurr PP (2007). The rocks and hard places in psychotherapy outcome research., Journal of traumatic stress, 20 779-92. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17955539

Watts BV, Schnurr PP, Mayo L, Young-Xu Y, Weeks WB & Friedman MJ (2013). Meta-analysis of the efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder., The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 74 50. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23842024

Wampold BE, Imel ZE, Laska KM, Benish S, Miller SD, Flückiger C, Del Re AC, Baardseth TP & Budge S (2010). Determining what works in the treatment of PTSD., Clinical psychology review, 30 923-33. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20638168

Citation
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4:48 AM | Deal With It - Life Is Full Of Uncertainty
Experiments dating back to the 1960s show people have less of a reaction to viewing an unpleasant image or experiencing an electric shock when they know it’s coming than when they’re not expecting it. read more
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12:00 AM | Science Book a Day Interviews Aric Sigman
Special thanks to Aric Sigman for answering 6 questions about his recently featured book – The Body Wars: Why Body Dissatisfaction is at Epidemic Proportions and How We Can Fight Back Dr Sigman has a Bachelor of […]

March 26, 2015

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10:27 PM | Stereotype lowers math performance in women, no one noticed
Stereotypes about people can affect how we look at a person, but sometimes it causes other problems. Gender stereotypes about women’s ability in mathematics negatively impact their performance. And in a significant twist, both men and women wrongly believe those stereotypes will not undermine women’s math performance — but instead motivate them to perform better. […]

Boucher, K., Rydell, R. & Murphy, M. (2015). Forecasting the experience of stereotype threat for others, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 58 56-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2015.01.002

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10:27 PM | Stereotype lowers math performance in women, no one noticed
Stereotypes about people can affect how we look at a person, but sometimes it causes other problems. Gender stereotypes about women’s ability in mathematics negatively impact their performance. And in a significant twist, both men and women wrongly believe those stereotypes will not undermine women’s math performance — but instead motivate them to perform better. […]

Boucher, K., Rydell, R. & Murphy, M. (2015). Forecasting the experience of stereotype threat for others, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 58 56-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2015.01.002

Citation
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10:27 PM | Stereotype lowers math performance in women, no one noticed
Stereotypes about people can affect how we look at a person, but sometimes it causes other problems. Gender stereotypes about women’s ability in mathematics negatively impact their performance. And in a significant twist, both men and women wrongly believe those stereotypes will not undermine women’s math performance — but instead motivate them to perform better. […]

Boucher, K., Rydell, R. & Murphy, M. (2015). Forecasting the experience of stereotype threat for others, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 58 56-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2015.01.002

Citation
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10:27 PM | Stereotype lowers math performance in women, no one noticed
Stereotypes about people can affect how we look at a person, but sometimes it causes other problems. Gender stereotypes about women’s ability in mathematics negatively impact their performance. And in a significant twist, both men and women wrongly believe those stereotypes will not undermine women’s math performance — but instead motivate them to perform better. […]

Boucher, K., Rydell, R. & Murphy, M. (2015). Forecasting the experience of stereotype threat for others, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 58 56-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2015.01.002

Citation
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10:27 PM | Stereotype lowers math performance in women, no one noticed
Stereotypes about people can affect how we look at a person, but sometimes it causes other problems. Gender stereotypes about women’s ability in mathematics negatively impact their performance. And in a significant twist, both men and women wrongly believe those stereotypes will not undermine women’s math performance — but instead motivate them to perform better. […]

Boucher, K., Rydell, R. & Murphy, M. (2015). Forecasting the experience of stereotype threat for others, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 58 56-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2015.01.002

Citation
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10:27 PM | Stereotype lowers math performance in women, no one noticed
Stereotypes about people can affect how we look at a person, but sometimes it causes other problems. Gender stereotypes about women’s ability in mathematics negatively impact their performance. And in a significant twist, both men and women wrongly believe those stereotypes will not undermine women’s math performance — but instead motivate them to perform better. […]

Boucher, K., Rydell, R. & Murphy, M. (2015). Forecasting the experience of stereotype threat for others, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 58 56-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2015.01.002

Citation
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9:55 PM | The Healing Power of Awe
The mountains. The stars freckled across the sky. A fiery sunrise. A rich cup of coffee alongside a piece of flaky pie: These things are awesome. Though I’ve seen a million sunsets and stared at the oceans for hours, I’m still moved by their wonder and mystery, touched by their beauty, and profoundly grateful that […]
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6:20 PM | High-fat diet causes brain inflammation and alters behavior
We hear in the media all the time, obesity is effecting our health. In most cases when we talk obesity we are talking about heart disease, sedentary activity, or chronic overeating. But what if a high-fat diet — regardless of obesity — has more than just an affect on your waistline? What if the consumption of fatty […]

Bruce-Keller, A., Salbaum, J., Luo, M., Blanchard, E., Taylor, C., Welsh, D. & Berthoud, H. (2015). Obese-type Gut Microbiota Induce Neurobehavioral Changes in the Absence of Obesity, Biological Psychiatry, 77 (7) 607-615. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.07.012

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