Posts

March 28, 2015

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5:46 PM | Too much attention can be a deficit
Sometimes being too focused on a task is not a good thing. During tasks that require our attention, we might become so engrossed in what we are doing that we fail to notice there is a better way to get the job done. For example, let’s say you are coming out of a New York City […]

Nicolas W. Schuck, Robert Gaschler, Dorit Wenke, Jakob Heinzle, Peter A. Frensch, John-Dylan Haynes & Carlo Reverberi (2015). Medial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Internally Driven Strategy Shifts, Neuron, Other:

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5:46 PM | Too much attention can be a deficit
Sometimes being too focused on a task is not a good thing. During tasks that require our attention, we might become so engrossed in what we are doing that we fail to notice there is a better way to get the job done. For example, let’s say you are coming out of a New York City […]

Nicolas W. Schuck, Robert Gaschler, Dorit Wenke, Jakob Heinzle, Peter A. Frensch, John-Dylan Haynes & Carlo Reverberi (2015). Medial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Internally Driven Strategy Shifts, Neuron, Other:

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3:06 PM | Morsels For The Mind – 27/03/2015
Every day we provide you with Six Incredible Things Before Breakfast to nibble away at. Here you can fill your brain with the most intellectually stimulating “amuse bouches” from the past week – a veritable smorgasbord for the cranium. They’re all here for you to load up your plate – this week’s “Morsels for the mind”. Enjoy! If you do nothing else, make sure to check out the “Reads / views / listens of the week”. **** Feather, fur […]
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11:55 AM | First Rule of Ant Fight Club: Choose a Model for Ant Fight Club
No summary available for this post.
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8:27 AM | Screening for autism in preterm infants
"A positive screen on the M-CHAT [Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers] occurs more commonly in very preterm infants than those born at term."So said the study by Peter Gray and colleagues [1] as the topic of preterm status - that is, babies born alive before 37 weeks of pregnancy - potentially being linked to a greater risk of autism or at least, increased risk of screening positive for autism, crops up yet again on this blog (see here).Gray et al examined a cohort of children […]

Gray PH, Edwards DM, O'Callaghan MJ & Gibbons K (2015). Screening for autism spectrum disorder in very preterm infants during early childhood., Early human development, 91 (4) 271-276. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25766314

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March 27, 2015

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11:14 PM | Drought Hasn’t Dampened Gorgeous Bay Area Wildflowers Display
The drought hasn't held back the wildflowers this year. See what's blooming in naturalist Sharol Nelson-Embrys blog.
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10:22 PM | What’s gnawing on Jane Austen’s hair?
The years hadn’t been kind to the lonely lock of Jane Austen’s hair on display in a Hampshire museum. Light had bleached it to a straw color; only the shadowed underside remained its original brown. A few tiny flakes of … Continue reading →

Swift JA (1972). Scanning electron microscope study of Jane Austen's hair., Nature, 238 (5360) 161-2. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4558459

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8:00 PM | Epic One-Year Mission to the ISS Launches into Orbit
A three-person crew blasted off to the International Space Station today (March 27), and two of them won't be coming back to Earth for a full year.
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6:35 PM | Researchers at SLAC Study Promising Alternative to Morphine
Researchers are now studying a new kind of pain reliever with less side effects than morphine, using the Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.
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4:42 PM | Researchers find how body’s good fat talks to the brain
There are two types of fat we humans have — white and brown — unfortunately only one of them is “good fat” and it is unfortunately not the one we tend to produce. Well new research shows that brown fat tissue, the body’s “good fat,” communicates with the brain through sensory nerves, possibly sharing information that […]

Garretson JT, Teubner BJ, Grove KL, Vazdarjanova A, Ryu V & Bartness TJ (2015). Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor γ Controls Ingestive Behavior, Agouti-Related Protein, and Neuropeptide Y mRNA in the Arcuate Hypothalamus., The Journal of neuroscience, 35 (11) 4571-81. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25788674

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4:42 PM | Researchers find how body’s good fat talks to the brain
There are two types of fat we humans have — white and brown — unfortunately only one of them is “good fat” and it is unfortunately not the one we tend to produce. Well new research shows that brown fat tissue, the body’s “good fat,” communicates with the brain through sensory nerves, possibly sharing information that […]

Garretson JT, Teubner BJ, Grove KL, Vazdarjanova A, Ryu V & Bartness TJ (2015). Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor γ Controls Ingestive Behavior, Agouti-Related Protein, and Neuropeptide Y mRNA in the Arcuate Hypothalamus., The Journal of neuroscience, 35 (11) 4571-81. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25788674

Citation
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4:42 PM | Researchers find how body’s good fat talks to the brain
There are two types of fat we humans have — white and brown — unfortunately only one of them is “good fat” and it is unfortunately not the one we tend to produce. Well new research shows that brown fat tissue, the body’s “good fat,” communicates with the brain through sensory nerves, possibly sharing information that […]

Garretson JT, Teubner BJ, Grove KL, Vazdarjanova A, Ryu V & Bartness TJ (2015). Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor γ Controls Ingestive Behavior, Agouti-Related Protein, and Neuropeptide Y mRNA in the Arcuate Hypothalamus., The Journal of neuroscience, 35 (11) 4571-81. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25788674

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4:17 PM | Research on medical abortion/miscarriage may change international routines
Two scientific studies are expected to form the basis of new international recommendations for the treatment of medical abortions and miscarriages. One of the studies shows that it is possible to replace the clinical follow-up examinations recommended today with medical abortions that include a home pregnancy test. The other study shows that midwives can safely and […]

Oppegaard, K., Qvigstad, E., Fiala, C., Heikinheimo, O., Benson, L. & Gemzell-Danielsson, K. (2015). Clinical follow-up compared with self-assessment of outcome after medical abortion: a multicentre, non-inferiority, randomised, controlled trial, The Lancet, 385 (9969) 698-704. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61054-0

Dr Marie Klingberg-Allvin, PhD, Amanda Cleeve, MSc, Susan Atuhairwe, MSc, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, PhD, Prof Elisabeth Faxelid, PhD, Josaphat Byamugisha, PhD & Prof Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, PhD (2015). Comparison of treatment of incomplete abortion with misoprostol by physicians and midwives at district level in Uganda: a randomised controlled equivalence trial, The Lancet, DOI: http://dx..org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61935-8

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4:17 PM | Research on medical abortion/miscarriage may change international routines
Two scientific studies are expected to form the basis of new international recommendations for the treatment of medical abortions and miscarriages. One of the studies shows that it is possible to replace the clinical follow-up examinations recommended today with medical abortions that include a home pregnancy test. The other study shows that midwives can safely and […]

Oppegaard, K., Qvigstad, E., Fiala, C., Heikinheimo, O., Benson, L. & Gemzell-Danielsson, K. (2015). Clinical follow-up compared with self-assessment of outcome after medical abortion: a multicentre, non-inferiority, randomised, controlled trial, The Lancet, 385 (9969) 698-704. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61054-0

Dr Marie Klingberg-Allvin, PhD, Amanda Cleeve, MSc, Susan Atuhairwe, MSc, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, PhD, Prof Elisabeth Faxelid, PhD, Josaphat Byamugisha, PhD & Prof Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, PhD (2015). Comparison of treatment of incomplete abortion with misoprostol by physicians and midwives at district level in Uganda: a randomised controlled equivalence trial, The Lancet, DOI: http://dx..org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61935-8

Citation
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4:17 PM | Research on medical abortion/miscarriage may change international routines
Two scientific studies are expected to form the basis of new international recommendations for the treatment of medical abortions and miscarriages. One of the studies shows that it is possible to replace the clinical follow-up examinations recommended today with medical abortions that include a home pregnancy test. The other study shows that midwives can safely and […]

Oppegaard, K., Qvigstad, E., Fiala, C., Heikinheimo, O., Benson, L. & Gemzell-Danielsson, K. (2015). Clinical follow-up compared with self-assessment of outcome after medical abortion: a multicentre, non-inferiority, randomised, controlled trial, The Lancet, 385 (9969) 698-704. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61054-0

Dr Marie Klingberg-Allvin, PhD, Amanda Cleeve, MSc, Susan Atuhairwe, MSc, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, PhD, Prof Elisabeth Faxelid, PhD, Josaphat Byamugisha, PhD & Prof Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, PhD (2015). Comparison of treatment of incomplete abortion with misoprostol by physicians and midwives at district level in Uganda: a randomised controlled equivalence trial, The Lancet, DOI: http://dx..org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61935-8

Citation
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4:17 PM | Research on medical abortion/miscarriage may change international routines
Two scientific studies are expected to form the basis of new international recommendations for the treatment of medical abortions and miscarriages. One of the studies shows that it is possible to replace the clinical follow-up examinations recommended today with medical abortions that include a home pregnancy test. The other study shows that midwives can safely and […]

Oppegaard, K., Qvigstad, E., Fiala, C., Heikinheimo, O., Benson, L. & Gemzell-Danielsson, K. (2015). Clinical follow-up compared with self-assessment of outcome after medical abortion: a multicentre, non-inferiority, randomised, controlled trial, The Lancet, 385 (9969) 698-704. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61054-0

Dr Marie Klingberg-Allvin, PhD, Amanda Cleeve, MSc, Susan Atuhairwe, MSc, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, PhD, Prof Elisabeth Faxelid, PhD, Josaphat Byamugisha, PhD & Prof Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, PhD (2015). Comparison of treatment of incomplete abortion with misoprostol by physicians and midwives at district level in Uganda: a randomised controlled equivalence trial, The Lancet, DOI: http://dx..org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61935-8

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4:16 PM | The genetics of musical talent: an interview with Irma Järvelä
Would Mozart have become a great composer had his family not encouraged his musical career? Irma Järvelä is a clinical geneticist at the University of Helsinki, Finland, who investigates the molecular genetics of musical traits. After devoting 25 years of her career to the identification of genes and mutations involved in human diseases, she now works in close collaboration with bioinformaticians and music educators to study the influence of genes and the cultural environment in music […]

Kanduri C., Minna Ahvenainen, Anju K. Philips, Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti, Harri Lähdesmäki & Irma Järvelä (2015). The effect of listening to music on human transcriptome, PeerJ, 3 e830. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.830

Kanduri C., Minna Ahvenainen, Anju K. Philips, Harri Lähdesmäki & Irma Järvelä (2015). The effect of music performance on the transcriptome of professional musicians, Scientific Reports, 5 9506. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep09506

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4:16 PM | The genetics of musical talent: an interview with Irma Järvelä
Would Mozart have become a great composer had his family not encouraged his musical career? Irma Järvelä is a clinical geneticist at the University of Helsinki, Finland, who investigates the molecular genetics of musical traits. After devoting 25 years of her career to the identification of genes and mutations involved in human diseases, she now works in close collaboration with bioinformaticians and music educators to study the influence of genes and the cultural environment in music […]

Kanduri C., Minna Ahvenainen, Anju K. Philips, Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti, Harri Lähdesmäki & Irma Järvelä (2015). The effect of listening to music on human transcriptome, PeerJ, 3 e830. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.830

Kanduri C., Minna Ahvenainen, Anju K. Philips, Harri Lähdesmäki & Irma Järvelä (2015). The effect of music performance on the transcriptome of professional musicians, Scientific Reports, 5 9506. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep09506

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3:39 PM | Music played by professionals activates genes for learning and memory
Music performance is known to induce structural and functional changes to the human brain and enhance cognition. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying music performance have been so far unexplored. A Finnish research group has now investigated the effect of music performance (in a 2 hr concert) on the gene expression profiles of professional musicians from […]

Kanduri, C., Kuusi, T., Ahvenainen, M., Philips, A., Lähdesmäki, H. & Järvelä, I. (2015). The effect of music performance on the transcriptome of professional musicians, Scientific Reports, 5 9506. DOI: 10.1038/srep09506

Citation
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3:39 PM | Music played by professionals activates genes for learning and memory
Music performance is known to induce structural and functional changes to the human brain and enhance cognition. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying music performance have been so far unexplored. A Finnish research group has now investigated the effect of music performance (in a 2 hr concert) on the gene expression profiles of professional musicians from […]

Kanduri, C., Kuusi, T., Ahvenainen, M., Philips, A., Lähdesmäki, H. & Järvelä, I. (2015). The effect of music performance on the transcriptome of professional musicians, Scientific Reports, 5 9506. DOI: 10.1038/srep09506

Citation
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3:39 PM | Music played by professionals activates genes for learning and memory
Music performance is known to induce structural and functional changes to the human brain and enhance cognition. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying music performance have been so far unexplored. A Finnish research group has now investigated the effect of music performance (in a 2 hr concert) on the gene expression profiles of professional musicians from […]

Kanduri, C., Kuusi, T., Ahvenainen, M., Philips, A., Lähdesmäki, H. & Järvelä, I. (2015). The effect of music performance on the transcriptome of professional musicians, Scientific Reports, 5 9506. DOI: 10.1038/srep09506

Citation
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3:39 PM | Music played by professionals activates genes for learning and memory
Music performance is known to induce structural and functional changes to the human brain and enhance cognition. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying music performance have been so far unexplored. A Finnish research group has now investigated the effect of music performance (in a 2 hr concert) on the gene expression profiles of professional musicians from […]

Kanduri, C., Kuusi, T., Ahvenainen, M., Philips, A., Lähdesmäki, H. & Järvelä, I. (2015). The effect of music performance on the transcriptome of professional musicians, Scientific Reports, 5 9506. DOI: 10.1038/srep09506

Citation
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3:39 PM | Music played by professionals activates genes for learning and memory
Music performance is known to induce structural and functional changes to the human brain and enhance cognition. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying music performance have been so far unexplored. A Finnish research group has now investigated the effect of music performance (in a 2 hr concert) on the gene expression profiles of professional musicians from […]

Kanduri, C., Kuusi, T., Ahvenainen, M., Philips, A., Lähdesmäki, H. & Järvelä, I. (2015). The effect of music performance on the transcriptome of professional musicians, Scientific Reports, 5 9506. DOI: 10.1038/srep09506

Citation
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2:32 PM | Cord-Blood Research Sits Poised for Therapeutic Discovery
Whenever one examines any area of scientific inquiry, there are two important things to understand: where the science is today, and where it may lead us in the future. To examine only the former is... -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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2:20 PM | This Biohacker Used Eyedrops To Give Himself Temporary Night Vision
A team of biohackers from California successfully induced a temporary sense of night vision by injecting a simple chemical cocktail directly onto the eye. Incredibly, it allowed them to see over 160 feet in the dark for a brief period of time.Read more...
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12:51 PM | Love a duck? Promiscuous birds make genetic mistakes | Amy Coats
Promiscuity could put species in danger of potentially damaging genetic changes, according to new research from UCLSome believe that flowers, chocolate or a freshly cooked bacon sandwich are the way to woo members of the opposite sex. But many members of the animal kingdom have different ideas on how to guarantee intercourse. The Mormon cricket goes to the trouble of growing, maintaining, and eventually giving away, a juicy sperm packet about a fifth of his body weight. The female will compete […]
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10:46 AM | A firsthand perspective of trialling mobile DNA sequencing
Sam Minot from Signature Science, LLC and Andy Kilianski from the Edgewood Chemical Biological Center are part of a team that has been trialling a new palm-sized DNA sequencer to test whether it can characterize viruses and bacteria. Their findings, published in GigaScience, suggest the device could have potential for disease diagnosis in the field. The post A firsthand perspective of trialling mobile DNA sequencing appeared first on GigaBlog.
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10:02 AM | Inflammation impairs social cognitive processing
A quote to begin: "acute inflammation can lead to decreases in the ability to accurately and reliably comprehend emotional information from others."It comes from the article published by Mona Moieni and colleagues [1] who examined a concept familiar to many people with a connection to autism either personally or professionally: Theory of Mind (ToM). Rather interestingly, Moieni et al "examined whether exposure to an experimental inflammatory challenge led to changes in ToM." […]

Moieni M, Irwin MR, Jevtic I, Breen EC & Eisenberger NI (2015). Inflammation impairs social cognitive processing: a randomized controlled trial of endotoxin., Brain, behavior, and immunity, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25770082

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4:23 AM | YECs Have Been Searching for the Wrong Adam and Eve
A G+ discussion led me to do some thinking. The discuss […]
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3:57 AM | Befriending the Body Intelligent
Last year awakened me to my life’s purpose. A series of disappointments forced me to abandon paths that had seemed interesting but were not leading to my center. More clearly than ever, I saw how biology has always guided me. Every time life has grown supportive, meaningful, and healing, it’s been because I leaned deeper […]
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