Posts

April 24, 2015

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3:29 PM | Classic Story, A City Corpse Meets a Country Corpse
I’ve been indulging in a little HGTV this week as a way to recover from post-conference exhaustion. I know that shows like House Hunters aren’t real- they already have bought […]

Redfern, R., DeWitte, S., Pearce, J., Hamlin, C. & Dinwiddy, K. (2015). Urban-rural differences in Roman Dorset, England: A bioarchaeological perspective on Roman settlements, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 157 (1) 107-120. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22693

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2:00 PM | Science for the People: Severed
This week Science for the People is looking at our scientific curiosity – and morbid fascination – about the human body and its amazing anatomy. We’ll speak to anthropologist and author Frances Larson about her book Severed: A History of Heads … Continue reading →
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12:49 PM | Documentary: Life After Garbage
How do people understand themselves in relation to the objects that they choose to reuse?

April 22, 2015

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10:02 PM | Mary Ross Ellingson | TrowelBlazers
Mary Ross Ellingson | TrowelBlazers: Mary Ellingson (1906-1993), nee Ross, was an archaeologist who made important contributions to the study of ancient Greek terracotta figurines but who never received credit for her work.
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10:01 AM | Sheila Kitzinger 1929-2015
Sheila Kitzinger 1929-2015: Sheila Kitzinger, internationally renowned childbirth educator, anthropologist and feminist icon died peacefully at home on 11 April 2015.

April 21, 2015

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9:13 PM | The Theory of Self Domestication
[First off, I know it’s been a while.  Life took a few unexpected turns, as life is wont to do, and blogging slipped way down my priority list.  But I miss it, and I miss you guys, and somehow I continue to get new followers each week or so without any activity on my part, […]
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5:24 PM | DNA Reveals Unknown Ancient Migration Into India
As the Genographic Project celebrates its 10th anniversary, team scientists announce intriguing results from a study of more than 10,000 men from southern Asia.
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5:01 PM | Better Understanding the Human Grip
The human hand is an evolutionary wonder: 26 percent of the bones in our bodies are in our hands. Now, scientists are coming to better understand the grip and special grasping ability of humans and other primates. In a new study, a research team found that even the oldest known human ancestors may have had […] The post Better Understanding the Human Grip appeared first on EH Science.

April 17, 2015

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7:20 PM | Grim Discovery Confirms Cannibalism Among Early Britons
A recent analysis of human-chewed remains has provided some of the most compelling evidence to date that ice age Britons engaged in cannibalistic practices. Read more...
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7:00 PM | Our chin comes from evolution, not mechanical forces
Why are modern humans the only species to have chins? Researchers say it’s not due to mechanical forces, such as chewing, but may lie in our evolution: As our faces […]
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1:14 PM | LP Resurgence: The Reasons Behind Vinyl's Unlikely Comeback
In a music buying industry now dominated by iTunes and music streaming sites such as Spotify, Napster, Pandora and Jay-Z’s recently released Tidal, the CD and physical music store are reportedly in sharp (and potentially terminal) decline. But a curious development in music consumption has seen vinyl, the format ostensibly rendered extinct by the compact disc with its “perfect” digital sound, make an unlikely, but significant cultural and commercial comeback. read more

April 16, 2015

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9:58 AM | Scientists Explain Why Modern Humans Have Chins
Chins of anatomically modern humans don’t come from mechanical forces such as chewing, but instead result from an evolutionary adaptation involving face size and shape, according to a team of anthropologists at the University of Iowa. Using facial and cranial biomechanical analyses with nearly 40 people whose measurements were plotted from toddlers to adults, the [...]
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7:00 AM | Ancient Footprints Can Help Us Understand Modern-Day Crime Scenes
Bournemouth University’s new Institute for Studies in Landscape and Human Evolution (ISLHE) – is exploring how techniques for documenting ancient footprints can help forensic scientists understand modern-day crime scenes.Professor Matthew Bennett, Head of  the Institute for Studies in Landscape and Human Evolution, explained why the research is needed. “Footwear impressions can provide an important source of evidence from crime scenes. They can help to determine the […]
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12:30 AM | World's Oldest Stone Tools Found, Predate Homo Genus By 500,000 Years
Researchers working in Kenya's archaeologically prolific Lake Turkana region claim to have uncovered a set of 3.3-million-year-old stone tools. That's 700,000 years older than the previous record, and predates evidence for the evolutionary origins of the genus Homo by half a million years.Read more...

April 15, 2015

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6:58 PM | Higher-Order Executive Function Went Into Making A Stone Age Axe
 Stone tools, shaped by striking a stone "core" with a piece of bone, antler, or another stone, provide some of the most abundant evidence of human behavioral change over time. Simple Oldowan stone flakes are the earliest things considered tools, dating back 2.6 million years, and the Late Acheulean hand axe goes back 500,000 years. While it's relatively easy to learn to make an Oldowan flake, the Acheulean hand axe is harder to master, due to its lens-shaped core tapering down to […]
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6:00 PM | Complex cognition shaped the Stone Age hand axe, study shows
Even with extensive training, the modern mind finds it challenging to make an Acheulean hand axe. "We should have respect for Stone Age tool makers," says experimental archeologist Dietrich Stout. Photo by Carol Clark.By Carol ClarkThe ability to make a Lower Paleolithic hand axe depends on complex cognitive control by the prefrontal cortex, including the “central executive” function of working memory, a new study finds.  PLOS ONE published the results, which knock another […]

April 14, 2015

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11:58 PM | Climate@Emory: Change is in the air
Steve Sclar, left, recently demonstrated on the Emory campus how he gathers indoor air quality data. (Emory Photo/Video)By Carol ClarkSteve Sclar traveled to Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in China last summer to research the indoor air quality of nomads, who burn yak dung in their stoves for warmth and to cook their food. His measurements showed high levels of fine particulate matter in the smoked-filled tents and homes of some of the nomads. But Sclar also caught a glimpse of how global […]
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8:35 PM | People of the British Isles: The genetic landscape of Islay What...
People of the British Isles: The genetic landscape of Islay What does being British mean to a scientist? How does someone from Kent differ from a native of the Hebrides? People of the British Isles is an ambitious project aiming to catalogue the genetic basis of the entire United Kingdom. By doing so, Sir Walter Bodmer and his team will amass information enabling them to mine the UK’s genetic heritage, following lineages back through time. But the genetic information gathered provides […]
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7:57 PM | What Killed Off The Neanderthals? Who were the neanderthals, and...
What Killed Off The Neanderthals? Who were the neanderthals, and what caused them to disappear? Read More:Neanderthals: Facts About Our Extinct Human Relatives Neanderthal culture: Old masters By: DNews.

April 13, 2015

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9:25 PM | Neanderthals Didn't Have Them - So Why Did Human Chins Evolve?
When you look at a primate or neanderthal skull and compare it to modern humans, it is immediately noticeable that we have a feature they are missing.In fact, it's missing from all other species: A chin.Why do we? A new study finds that our chins didn't come from mechanical forces such as chewing, but instead results from an evolutionary adaptation involving face size and shape, possibly linked to changes in hormone levels as we became more societally domesticated. If true, it would settle a […]
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7:13 PM | Skeleton Uncovered In Italy Yields Oldest Neanderthal DNA Ever Found
An ancient skeleton, found deeply embedded in a cave in Italy, has provided researchers with the oldest Neanderthal DNA ever found. According to Live Science… “In 1993, scientists found an extraordinarily intact skeleton of an ancient human amidst the stalactites and stalagmites of the limestone cave of Lamalunga, near Altamura in southern Italy — a discovery they said had the potential to reveal new clues about Neanderthals.” Recent research now shows that DNA […]

April 12, 2015

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3:10 AM | Exploring Civilization Beyond the Walls
Before we’d even become Homo sapiens sapiens, humans lived everywhere from South Africa up to Britain and over to China. There were mountain people, coastal people, people who hunted woolly mammoths, and people who’d never seen a woolly mammoth in their lives. Just like we see with distinct groups of other animals, these differences of experience, adaptation, and…

April 10, 2015

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8:15 PM | The Genographic Project Turns Ten
    Ten years ago, a group of international scientists and indigenous community members gathered at National Geographic Society’s headquarters in Washington, D.C. to kick off the Genographic Project. Our plan: To use advanced DNA analyses to answer fundamental scientific questions, such as where we originated from, and how we came to populate the earth. Since then, more than 700,000…
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8:05 PM | Scientists predict gradual, prolonged permafrost greenhouse gas emissions, allowing us more time to adapt
A new scientific synthesis suggests a gradual, prolonged release of greenhouse gases from permafrost soils in Arctic and sub-Arctic regions, which may afford society more time to adapt to environmental […]
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1:00 PM | Rural Black Women Have Less Depression And Mood Disorders
African-American women who live in rural areas have lower rates of major depressive disorder (MDD) and mood disorder compared with their urban counterparts, while rural non-Hispanic European-American women have higher rates for both than their urban counterparts, according to a new study. Major depressive disorder is a debilitating mental illness and the prevalence of depression among both African- and Rural-Americans is understudied, according to background in the study. Addie Weaver, Ph.D., […]

April 09, 2015

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9:40 PM | Skull Embedded In Italian Cave Yields Oldest Neanderthal DNA Sample
The oldest samples of Neanderthal DNA have been extracted from remains embedded in a cave in southern Italy, confirming that the so-called Altamura Man was a Neanderthal who lived around 150,000 years ago.Read more...
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4:44 PM | 3 Surprising Discoveries From the Archaeology of Food
The archaeology of food is filling in the gaps between all the grand monuments and intricately crafted objects that occupied researchers and the public for generations.
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3:33 PM | Stone Tool Technology of Our Human Ancestors Stone tools reveal...
Stone Tool Technology of Our Human Ancestors Stone tools reveal a critical transition in the lives of our early human ancestors. Learn about how technological advances went hand-in-hand with human evolution in this educational video by HHMI BioInteractive. Though tool use is not unique to humans, the sophistication of our tools and our degree of reliance upon them is unique, and sets us apart from other species. So when did human tool-making begin, and why? And what does it tell us about the […]

April 08, 2015

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1:45 PM | “Early Women in Science” Online Exhibit Profiles Trailblazing Women
“Early Women in Science” is an online exhibition of 16 women scientists who began their work before 1922. A Biodiversity Heritage Library exhibition, it profiles forward-thinking […] The post “Early Women in Science” Online Exhibit Profiles Trailblazing Women appeared first on Smithsonian Science News.
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12:58 PM | New Morbid Terminology: Corpse Medicine
Earlier this week, researchers at Nottingham University were able to recreate a 9th c Anglo-Saxon medical remedy using garlic, onion and part of a cow’s stomach. When I first heard […]

Gordon-Grube, K. (1988). Anthropophagy in Post-Renaissance Europe: The Tradition of Medicinal Cannibalism, American Anthropologist, 90 (2) 405-409. DOI: 10.1525/aa.1988.90.2.02a00110

Karen Gordon-Grube (1993). Evidence of Medicinal Cannibalism in Puritan New England: "Mummy" and Related Remedies in Edward Taylor's "Dispensatory", Early American Literature, 28 (3) 185-221.

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