Posts

November 18, 2014

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5:30 PM | How Farming Almost Destroyed Ancient Human Civilization
Roughly 9,000 years ago, humans had mastered farming to the point where food was plentiful. Then, abruptly, these proto-cities were abandoned for millennia.

November 17, 2014

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10:50 PM | How Farming Almost Destroyed Ancient Human Civilization
Roughly 9,000 years ago, humans had mastered farming to the point where food was plentiful. Populations boomed, and people began moving into large settlements full of thousands of people. And then, abruptly, these proto-cities were abandoned for millennia. It's one of the greatest mysteries of early human civilization.Read more...
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12:58 AM | Canine science catch up: 16-30 September 2014
Gosh, it's been a busy ride since posting the excellent guest post by research, Cat Reeve, about her interesting detector dog research.  So now it's time to play catch up, starting with the canine science related things that we noticed in the second half of September, captured with the help of Storify - did you miss any of these?[View the story "Do You Believe in Dog? [16 - 30 September 2014]" on Storify]Further reading (some of the abstracts from Canine Science Forum 2014 now […]

Westgarth C. & Hayley E. Christian (2014). How can we motivate owners to walk their dogs more?, Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9 (6) e6-e7. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2014.09.023

Fehringer A. (2014). Stress in shelter dogs and the use of foster care to improve animal welfare, Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9 (6) e11. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2014.09.038

Horowitz A. & Hecht J. (2014). Categories and consequences of dog-human play: A citizen science approach, Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9 (6) e15. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2014.09.052

Browne C.M., T. Mary Foster & James S. McEwan (2014). Dog training: Reinforcement timing and owner body language, Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9 (6) e17. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2014.09.059

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12:58 AM | Canine science catch up: 16-30 September 2014
Gosh, it's been a busy ride since posting the excellent guest post by research, Cat Reeve, about her interesting detector dog research.  So now it's time to play catch up, starting with the canine science related things that we noticed in the second half of September, captured with the help of Storify - did you miss any of these?[View the story "Do You Believe in Dog? [16 - 30 September 2014]" on Storify]Further reading (some of the abstracts from Canine Science Forum 2014 now […]

Westgarth C. & Hayley E. Christian (2014). How can we motivate owners to walk their dogs more?, Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9 (6) e6-e7. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2014.09.023

Fehringer A. (2014). Stress in shelter dogs and the use of foster care to improve animal welfare, Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9 (6) e11. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2014.09.038

Horowitz A. & Hecht J. (2014). Categories and consequences of dog-human play: A citizen science approach, Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9 (6) e15. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2014.09.052

Browne C.M., T. Mary Foster & James S. McEwan (2014). Dog training: Reinforcement timing and owner body language, Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9 (6) e17. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2014.09.059

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November 15, 2014

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12:28 PM | How Your Facebook Updates Reveal Your Personality
The words you use in your Facebook profile reveal much about your personality, according to psychologists Gregory Park and colleagues in a new study just published. Based on a study of 71,000 Facebook users who reported their personality using an app, Park et al. found some quite unexpected words to be associated with given personality […]The post How Your Facebook Updates Reveal Your Personality appeared first on Neuroskeptic.

Park G, Schwartz HA, Eichstaedt JC, Kern ML, Kosinski M, Stillwell DJ, Ungar LH & Seligman ME (2014). Automatic Personality Assessment Through Social Media Language., Journal of personality and social psychology, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25365036

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12:22 AM | Human Evolution: Crash Course Big History №6 In which John...
Human Evolution: Crash Course Big History №6 In which John Green and Hank Green teach you about how human primates moved out of Africa and turned Earth into a real-life Planet of the Apes. And the apes are people! John and Hank teach you about how humans evolved, and the sort of tricks they picked up along the way like complex tool use, big brains, and fighting. Our ancestors adapted to the grasslands of Africa, and went through several iterations including Australopithecus, Homo […]

November 14, 2014

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2:58 PM | Ancient DNA shows earliest European genomes weathered the Ice Age
A genome taken from a 36,000 skeleton reveals an early divergence of Eurasians once they had left Africa, and allows scientists to better assess the point at which ‘admixture’ — or interbreeding — between Eurasians and Neanderthals occurred. The latest research also points to a previously unknown population lineage as old as the first population … Continue reading →

November 13, 2014

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10:58 PM | When It Comes To Chimpanzees And Sex, Consent Is Optional
We may talk about a battle of the sexes when it comes to our species, but in the rest of the primate world, it really is a battle. We have the luxury of cultural hand-wringing about the shirt a Rosetta mission engineer wore in a YouTube video, but when it comes to chimpanzees, a shirt is the least of female problems. Male on female violence among chimpanzees is frequent - and it has to do with sex. read more
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6:38 PM | Questions of Doom: Evolution vs. Brain Disorders? Today, I...
Questions of Doom: Evolution vs. Brain Disorders? Today, I examine why different brains might actually be good for our species! By: Archaeosoup Productions.
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6:57 AM | Men Evolved Navigation Skills To Find Mates, Say Anthropologists
An analysis of two African tribes has led anthropologists to suggest that men evolved better navigation ability than women because men with better spatial skills - the ability to mentally manipulate objects - can roam farther and have children with more mates.read more

November 12, 2014

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4:14 PM | Opportunity Is Often The Mother Of Invention, Not Necessity
Policy makers and amateur psychology pundits think "necessity is the mother of invention" - and sometimes it is, that is why that became a saying, but plain old opportunity matters a lot. Natural gas had been around for 70 years, for example, and the United States has plenty of coal, but hydraulic fracturing, a modern form of extraction, has made natural gas cheaper and led to reduced greenhouse gas emissions, a competitive advantage and a 'win' for the environment - it was developed due to […]
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2:19 PM | On The Road: Mobility of Romans in Britains
The remains of the Roman Empire are found throughout Europe, Africa and the Middle East- aqueducts, stadiums, roads, temples, and cemeteries dot the modern landscapes of many European countries. Their […]

Eckardt, H., Müldner, G. & Lewis, M. (2014). People on the move in Roman Britain, World Archaeology, 46 (4) 534-550. DOI: 10.1080/00438243.2014.931821

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2:00 AM | Two ice-age infants found in Alaska are the oldest human remains ever found in the North American Ar
Two ice-age infants found in Alaska are the oldest human remains ever found in the North American Arctic, and among the oldest discovered on the entire continent. The infant remains, dated at 11,500-years-old, were deliberately buried with stone spear points and four antler rods, pointing to a sophisticated culture with complex rituals. Read more...

November 11, 2014

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7:15 PM | Traditional Healers And Naturalistic Fallacy Contribute To HIV Care Delays
If you're a native of rural Mozambique who contracts a disease and becomes symptomatic, you'll likely consult a traditional healer before getting medical advice.read more
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5:15 PM | ‘Song From the Forest’ Charts a Musicologist’s Love Affair With Pygmy Music and Culture
A mesmerizing film explores how pygmy music lured an American to the Congo and pygmy culture held him there.
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5:00 PM | Harsh Environments Foster Beliefs In Powerful And Judgmental Gods
An analysis of 583 cultures shows that challenging environmental conditions, such as floods and famines, lead cultures to adopt beliefs in moralizing, high gods. The research may help explain how and why certain religions emerged, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.Read more...
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1:30 PM | Prosocial Behavior And The Need For Moral High Gods - What Birds And Linguistics Tell Us
The need for a moral higher power may have been as necessary for adapting to a dangerous world as physical adaptations, according to a new paper. The authors suggest that societies with less access to food and water are more likely to believe in such deities. They believe there is a strong correlation between belief in high gods who enforce a moral code and other societal characteristics. Political complexity - namely a social hierarchy beyond the local community - and the practice of animal […]
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12:24 AM | Sexism Straight From The Horse’s Mouth: Life As A Female Veterinarian
Neigh problem with injections. ShutterstockBy Adele Williams, University of SurreyPicture this. Your prize horse needs a vaccination. Who should turn up to deliver this but a veterinary graduate of ten years, specialist in equine internal medicine and teacher to veterinary undergraduates. Today is your lucky day! Or not.“I specifically requested one of the male vets, but it is just a vaccination so I do hope you’ll be able to do that …” read more

November 10, 2014

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5:49 PM | November 9, 2014: Rescue Storm Survivors from Everest, Test an Elephant’s Memory and More
This week on National Geographic Weekend radio, join host Boyd Matson and his guests as they save climbers from a disaster on Everest, devote one day of each week to helping others, take selfies with orangutans, assign land and oceans for protection, never forget elephants, travel through North Korea, go to war with chimpanzees, and hijack the minds of the animals they're living inside.

November 08, 2014

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7:59 PM | New DNA Evidence Shows That Early Humans Survived Through the Last Ice Age
Europe’s earliest humans managed to survive the extremely harsh climate fluctuations that occurred during the last Ice Age, which lasted from roughly 60,000 to 20,000 years before the present day. The findings come after researchers from Cambridge University carried out a genetic analysis on the remains of a European man who lived around 37,000 years ago. The remains were found near the village of Kostenki in what is now western Russia. The researchers found that […]
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2:30 AM | 36,000-year-old Human DNA Reveals Europe's Deep Past
He was a European with dark skin and dark eyes. And his ancestry was mixed. A group of geneticists have sequenced DNA from the remains of a man who died 36,000 years ago in Kostenki, Russia, near the Ukraine border. The results are surprising, and could reveal a lot about how modern humans spread out of Africa.Read more...
Editor's Pick

November 07, 2014

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2:30 AM | Chimps plan for their morning meals, helping fuel their big brains
Getting to the food first can mean a big meal ahead of the competition.

November 06, 2014

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1:46 PM | Moslims zijn geen marionetten
Arabist Kwarten maakt een fout die we zo vaak tegenkomen bij arabisten en islamologen die ongetwijfeld alles weten over de bronnen van de islam, maar totaal geen kaas hebben gegeten van de manier waarop moslims in hun dagelijks leven met die bronnen omgaan.

November 05, 2014

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7:35 PM | Traditional stories highlight how ancient women survived
Through the ages, women have suffered greatly because of wars. Consequently, to protect themselves and their offspring, our female ancestors may have evolved survival strategies specific to problems posed by warfare. Scalise Sugiyama studied a sample of forager and forager-horticulturalist societies by looking at archaeological and ethnographic research on lethal raiding. This helped her to … Continue reading →
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7:20 PM | Population boom, droughts contributed to collapse of ancient Assyrian Empire
In the 9th century BC, the Assyrian Empire of northern Iraq relentlessly started to expand into most of the ancient Near East. It reached its height in the early 7th century BC, becoming the largest of its kind in the Near East up to that time. The Assyrian Empire’s subsequent quick decline by the end … Continue reading →
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1:34 PM | Changes in Society and Diet from the Merovingian to Viking Age
Vikings are a hot topic right now. While I would hope this would be due to their interesting maritime culture, fascinating burial practices or an increased understanding in the important role […]

Naumann E, Price TD & Richards MP (2014). Changes in dietary practices and social organization during the pivotal late iron age period in Norway (AD 550-1030): Isotope analyses of merovingian and viking age human remains., American journal of physical anthropology, 155 (3) 322-31. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24898189

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November 03, 2014

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11:08 PM | November 2, 2014: Exploring Underwater Caves, Boxing With Ghana’s World Champs and More
This week on National Geographic Weekend radio, join host Boyd Matson and his guests as they cycle around the world, ski some of the world's "pretty faces," tell the world of the price of rhino poaching, explore underwater caves, tell stories of the past in song, box with Ghana's world champions, mourn the loss of our cultural heritage to war, and solve the melting impacts of black carbon on ice sheets.

November 02, 2014

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1:39 PM | Can Desalination Help Save a Holy River?
The Jordan River of the Middle East has supported a long succession of empires and other human settlements for more than 8,000 years, but it took less than one generation of modern civilization to reduce the river to a trickle of sewage. Now, the ultra-modern technology of “desalination” — turning ocean water into fresh water…

October 31, 2014

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8:05 PM | Going Up in a Geyser & Humans and Neanderthals Back in 1916...
Going Up in a Geyser & Humans and Neanderthals Back in 1916 an amazing accident took place while constructing the NY subway system. And we learn that humans and Neanderthals got it on. A lot. By: Stuff You Should Know.
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5:37 PM | The Ghosts Of The First Neolithic People In A Paleo World
If you lived in Hilazon Tachtit, near  the Hilazon river of Israel 12,000 years ago, you might have borne witness to a world first; the earliest known religious ceremony.read more
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