Posts

October 13, 2014

+
8:26 AM | Evolutionary psychologists expose the "shoddy" treatment of their discipline by textbooks
The Gendered Society contained 12 errors about evolutionary psychology, morethan any other book in this evaluation. Evolutionary theory is universally accepted among the mainstream science community. And yet, when the evolutionary perspective is applied to human behaviour, the approach continues to meet with resistance, and in some cases outright disdain.A team led by Benjamin Winegard thinks part of the reason is because of the misrepresentation of evolutionary psychology in textbooks, […]

Winegard BM, Winegard BM & Deaner RO (2014). Misrepresentations of evolutionary psychology in sex and gender textbooks., Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior, 12 (3) 474-508. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25299988

Citation

October 12, 2014

+
10:22 PM | The Psychology of Procrastination: How We Create Categories of the Future
"Do not put your work off till tomorrow and the day after; for a sluggish worker does not fill his barn, nor one who puts off his work: industry makes work go well, but a man who puts off work is always at hand-grips with ruin."        Hesiod in "The Works and Days" Paying bills, filling out forms, completing class assignments or submitting grant proposals – we all have the tendency to procrastinate. We may engage in trivial activities... Read more

Tu, Y. & Soman, D. (2014). The Categorization of Time and Its Impact on Task Initiation, Journal of Consumer Research, 41 (3) 810-822. DOI: 10.1086/677840

Citation
+
6:57 PM | Nothing Sticks to a new Bioinspired coating for medical devices
Putting things in the body can be tricky, I mean we need things from joint replacements to cardiac implants and dialysis machines, these medical devices are needed to enhance or […]

Don Ingber et. al (2014). A bioinspired omniphobic surface coating on medical devices prevents thrombosis and biofouling, Nature Biotechnology, Other:

Citation
+
6:11 PM | What Really Drives Academic Citations?
Citations are today the international currency of the scholarly economy. In theory, academic citations are the gold standard measure of the ‘impact‘ of a piece of work. If it gets other academics talking then it’s important. But why do individual academics cite particular articles? A paper out now in the Social Studies of Science journal […]The post What Really Drives Academic Citations? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.

Erikson MG & Erlandson P (2014). A taxonomy of motives to cite., Social studies of science, 44 (4) 625-37. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25272615

Citation
+
2:55 PM | Is EV-D68 causing mysterious polio-like symptoms in children?
Bubble fun at the Santa Fe Renaissance Fair © EEG One of the twists in my latest book, Gene Cards, is an unknown pathogen threatening the fictional city of Liasis. I confess that when I came up with the idea I was a little nervous. My story is set in the future, and with all the state-of-the-art technology we already have, is it feasible to think that we will still deal with diseases without a known causative agent? The thing is, new viruses and new pathogens arise all the time. Take […]

Kim H, Kang B, Hwang S, Lee SW, Cheon DS, Kim K, Jeong YS & Hyeon JY (2014). Clinical and enterovirus findings associated with acute flaccid paralysis in the Republic of Korea during the recent decade., Journal of medical virology, 86 (9) 1584-9. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24114945

Zangwill KM, Yeh SH, Wong EJ, Marcy SM, Eriksen E, Huff KR, Lee M, Lewis EM, Black SB & Ward JI & (2010). Paralytic syndromes in children: epidemiology and relationship to vaccination., Pediatric neurology, 42 (3) 206-12. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20159431

Citation
+
1:55 PM | Largest methane hotspot in the US found in the Four Corners: fracking not to blame!
A current scientific challenge today is the accurate quantification of total methane emissions in the US.  This can serve as an important baseline against which to compare how emissions change with the burgeoning of the fracking industry.  It also gives … Continue reading →

Kort, E., Frankenberg, C., Costigan, K., Lindenmaier, R., Dubey, M. & Wunch, D. (2014). Four corners: The largest US methane anomaly viewed from space, Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL061503

Citation

October 11, 2014

+
8:14 PM | Poop Pills, Yeah they are a Thing Now
When someone is lying it isn’t too abnormal to hear someone say, “you’re full of sh…” well you get the idea. Our poop defines us, the microbes that live in […]

Ilan Youngster, MD,, George H. Russell, MD,, Christina Pindar, Tomer Ziv-Baran, PhD, Jenny Sauk, MD & Elizabeth L. Hohmann, MD (2014). Oral, Capsulized, Frozen Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Relapsing Clostridium difficile Infection, Journal of the American Medical Association , Other:

Citation
+
4:06 PM | Efficacy of foetal stem cell transplantation in autism...
The recent news that researchers might be one step closer to 'curing' type 1 diabetes following the publication of the paper by Pagliuca and colleagues [1] brought back into focus how stem cell therapy might hold some promise for all manner of conditions. The idea that researchers could generate "hundreds of millions of glucose-responsive β cells from hPSC [human pluripotent stem cells] in vitro" still faces a few challenges, including overcoming the immune assault central to the […]

Bradstreet JJ, Sych N, Antonucci N, Klunnik M, Ivankova O, Matyashchuk I, Demchuk M & Siniscalco D (2014). Efficacy of fetal stem cell transplantation in autism spectrum disorders: an open-labeled pilot study., Cell transplantation, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25302490

Citation
+
8:48 AM | Yet more air pollution and autism risk research
Air pollution and autism risk. It's a topic which has cropped up a few times on this blog (see here and see here and see here) with the majority of the research (but not all) suggesting that there may be something to see when it comes to such a correlation.Enter then the paper by Amy Kalkbrenner and colleagues [1] to proceedings, and their conclusion: "Our study adds to previous work in California showing a relation between traffic-related air pollution and autism, and adds similar findings in […]

Kalkbrenner AE, Windham GC, Serre ML, Akita Y, Wang X, Hoffman K, Thayer BP & Daniels JL (2014). Particulate Matter Exposure, Prenatal and Postnatal Windows of Susceptibility, and Autism Spectrum Disorders., Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25286049

Citation
+
3:26 AM | The red of bearded vultures—allure or cure?
We now know that bearded vultures deliberately dust themselves red. But why?

Negro JJ, Margalida A, Hiraldo F & Heredia R (1999). The function of the cosmetic coloration of bearded vultures: when art imitates life., Animal behaviour, 58 (5) PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10564620

Citation

October 10, 2014

+
9:49 PM | How the Brain Heals After a Stroke
You have all the brain cells you’ll ever have when you reach adulthood. That was the science lesson I was taught in high school from, maybe a misguided teacher, or […]

Magnusson, J., Goritz, C., Tatarishvili, J., Dias, D., Smith, E., Lindvall, O., Kokaia, Z. & Frisen, J. (2014). A latent neurogenic program in astrocytes regulated by Notch signaling in the mouse, Science, 346 (6206) 237-241. DOI: 10.1126/science.346.6206.237

Citation
+
3:54 PM | A "parsimonious" Bayesian supertree model for estimating species trees
When we have sequence alignments regarding several genes from a group of taxa, we usually want to extract the phylogenetic information common to all of them. However, in many cases such phylogenomic analyses depend on selecting one sequence from each species per gene family (=alignment), or excluding paralogs, or partitioning these paralogous sequences into loci, or utilizing only gene families without apparent paralogs. If we want to analyse all our data at once, without excluding sequences or […]

de Oliveira Martins L., Mallo D. & Posada D. (2014). A Bayesian Supertree Model for Genome-Wide Species Tree Reconstruction, Systematic Biology, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syu082

Citation
+
2:00 PM | Ebola Virus VP40 -A protein straight out of “transformers”
  Ebola. Just the word is enough to make people panic. Well “Ebola” is actually just a river in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Of course when they hear the word, most people think about the deadly virus discovered near this river in 1976. To clarify the terminology, “Ebola” is the river; “Ebolavirus” is […]

Bornholdt Z., Dafna M. Abelson, Peter Halfmann, Malcolm R. Wood, Yoshihiro Kawaoka & Erica Ollmann Saphire (2013). Structural Rearrangement of Ebola Virus VP40 Begets Multiple Functions in the Virus Life Cycle, Cell, 154 (4) 763-774. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2013.07.015

Feldmann H. (2011). Ebola haemorrhagic fever, The Lancet, 377 (9768) 849-862. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60667-8

Citation
+
12:00 PM | For Disguise, Female Squid Turn On Fake Testes
Did you know this week is International Cephalopod Awareness Days? I’ll assume your gifts are in the mail. Today is dedicated to squid, and you can’t have total cephalopod awareness without discussing fake squid testes. This post was first published in September 2013. The best way to stay out of trouble, if you’re a shimmery, […]The post For Disguise, Female Squid Turn On Fake Testes appeared first on Inkfish.

DeMartini DG, Ghoshal A, Pandolfi E, Weaver AT, Baum M & Morse DE (2013). Dynamic biophotonics: female squid exhibit sexually dimorphic tunable leucophores and iridocytes., The Journal of experimental biology, 216 (Pt 19) 3733-41. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24006348

Citation
+
12:00 PM | Fly Life: How to name your new fruit fly gene (and what not to name it)
When it comes to genetic research, fruit flies take the spotlight. They are often used to study specific genes, and researchers who find new genes get the privilege of naming them. The best way to study a gene is to mutate it and see what happens when the gene’s function is lost. As a result, […]

Choudhry Z., Adnan Maqsood Choudhry, Sadaf Tariq, Fozia Zakaria, Muhammad Waheed Asghar, Muhammad Khan Sarfraz, Kamran Haider, Afia Ansar Shafiq & Nusrat Jahan Mobassarah (2014). Sonic hedgehog signalling pathway: a complex network, Annals of Neurosciences, 21 (1) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5214/ans.0972.7531.210109

Citation
+
8:40 AM | Vitamin D supplement improves autistic behaviours?
I don't want to get too ahead of myself with this post talking about the paper by Feiyong Jia and colleagues [1] (open-access) who concluded: "Vitamin D supplementation may be effective in ameliorating the autistic behavioral problems in children with autism spectrum disorders [ASDs]".The idea however that issues with vitamin D seemingly present in quite a few cases of ASD [2] (see here too) but not all [3] might actually have more direct consequences for behavioural presentation […]

贾, �. (2014). Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Autistic Symptoms in a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Asian Case Reports in Pediatrics, 02 (03) 21-24. DOI: 10.12677/ACRP.2014.23005

Citation
+
2:15 AM | Ecology of cancer: mimicry, eco-engineers, morphostats, and nutrition
One of my favorite parts of mathematical modeling is the opportunities it provides to carefully explore metaphors and analogies between disciplines. The connection most carefully explored at the MBI Workshop on the Ecology and Evolution of Cancer was, as you can guess from the name, between ecology and oncology. Looking at cancer from the perspective […]

Potter, J. (2007). Morphogens, morphostats, microarchitecture and malignancy., Nature Reviews Cancer, 7 (6) 464-474. DOI: 10.1038/nrc2146

Citation
+
12:06 AM | Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Mental Health – What Does it Take ?
“These are ways of treating illness that have developed outside the mainstream of modern medicine.” (The Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2009) There is growing evidence that Complementary Therapies are being used to good effect within mental health services throughout the UK and Internationally. Many clinicians are expanding the spectrum and variety of services to be offered to patients/clients both in the hospital and in the community. In recent years complementary therapies have […]

Eisenberg, D., Kessler, R., Foster, C., Norlock, F., Calkins, D. & Delbanco, T. (1993). Unconventional Medicine in the United States -- Prevalence, Costs, and Patterns of Use, New England Journal of Medicine, 328 (4) 246-252. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199301283280406

Kessler, R. (2001). The Use of Complementary and Alternative Therapies to Treat Anxiety and Depression in the United States, American Journal of Psychiatry, 158 (2) 289-294. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.2.289

Unützer J, Klap R, Sturm R, Young AS, Marmon T, Shatkin J & Wells KB (2000). Mental disorders and the use of alternative medicine: results from a national survey., The American journal of psychiatry, 157 (11) 1851-7. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11058485

Briggs JP & Killen J (2013). Perspectives on complementary and alternative medicine research., JAMA, 310 (7) 691-2. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23990064

Citation

October 09, 2014

+
8:10 PM | Solar Panel Hybrid is Cheap and Super Efficient
Solar cells are inefficient, it’s a sad fact. With todays technology they boast about a 10-15% efficiency, compare that to todays gas engine at roughly 20-25% and you can see […]

Tabachnyk M, Ehrler B, Gélinas S, Böhm ML, Walker BJ, Musselman KP, Greenham NC, Friend RH & Rao A (2014). Resonant energy transfer of triplet excitons from pentacene to PbSe nanocrystals., Nature materials, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25282509

Citation
+
4:11 PM | Fine control
My last blog on timing in some neurons in the cerebellum has started a string of thoughts. Here we have a part of the brain with an anatomy that is well mapped as opposed to many other parts. It has more neurons than the rest of the brain put together. It has grown relatively larger […]

Barton, R. & Venditti, C. (2014). Rapid Evolution of the Cerebellum in Humans and Other Great Apes, Current Biology, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.08.056

Citation
+
1:43 PM | Dyslexia: trouble reading ‘four’
Dyslexia affects about every tenth reader. It shows up when trying to read, especially when reading fast. But it is still not fully clear what words dyslexic readers find particularly hard. So, I did some research to find out, and I published the article today. Imagine seeing a new word ‘bour’. How would you pronounce […]

Kunert, R. & Scheepers, C. (2014). Speed and accuracy of dyslexic versus typical word recognition: an eye-movement investigation, Frontiers in Psychology, 5 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01129

Citation
+
8:41 AM | Physical activity and fitness levels and autism
Although at present having to be slightly more cautious following some recent surgery (general anaesthetic is awesome by the way!), I normally consider myself to be quite an active person. Through previous discussions on this blog covering topics on the positive effects of walking (see here) and the physical+ benefits of the martial arts (see here) I'd like to think that there are quite a few ways and means that the population at large can easily increase their daily physical activity levels. […]

Tyler, K., MacDonald, M. & Menear, K. (2014). Physical Activity and Physical Fitness of School-Aged Children and Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Autism Research and Treatment, 2014 1-6. DOI: 10.1155/2014/312163

Citation

October 08, 2014

+
8:43 PM | tRNA lookalikes in the Human Genome
There was a time not long ago when we knew we had the longest genome. It was an obvious assumption because we are “in fact” the most intelligent and complex species […]

Telonis, A., Loher, P., Kirino, Y. & Rigoutsos, I. (2014). Nuclear and mitochondrial tRNA-lookalikes in the human genome, Frontiers in Genetics, 5 DOI: 10.3389/fgene.2014.00344

Citation
+
5:04 PM | Nuevas direcciones en psicología y salud cardiovascular
Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la primera causa de muerte a nivel global. Según datos de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, 17.3 millones de personas murieron debido a enfermedades cardiovasculares […]

Matthews, K (2013). Matters of the heart: advancing psychological perspectives on cardiovascular diseases, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8 (6) 676-678. DOI: 10.1177/1745691613506908

Citation
+
3:45 PM | The Surprising History of Veterinary Medicine for Dogs and Cats
And the ‘dangerous’ woman who played a vital role.Photo: Bildagentur Zoonar GmbHWe are used to the idea that veterinarians treat dogs, cats, rabbits and other small animals, but it wasn’t always so. Before the automobile, the main role for vets was in the treatment of horses. As the number of horses declined, two British government reports (in 1938 and 1944) suggested vets should specialize in the treatment of farm animals. The change to small animals is often explained […]

Gardiner, A. (2014). The 'Dangerous' Women of Animal Welfare: How British Veterinary Medicine Went to the Dogs, Social History of Medicine, 27 (3) 466-487. DOI: 10.1093/shm/hkt101

Citation
+
3:11 PM | Manca un poco di blu
Illustrazione realizzata con SketchBookXUna delle prime classificazioni che si apprendono quando si inizia a studiare il comportamento della materia di fronte all'elettricità è quella tra conduttori e isolanti: un conduttore è un materiale che permette facilmente il passaggio delle cariche elettriche, un isolante, invece, lo impedisce (o lo rende difficoltoso). E' possibile caratterizzare questi due generi di materiali attraverso le caratteristiche fisiche degli atomi che […]

Holonyak N. & Bevacqua S.F. (1962). Coherent (visible) light emission from Ga(As1−xPx) junctions, Applied Physics Letters, 1 (4) 82. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1753706

Nakamura S., Mukai T. & Senoh M. (1994). Candela-class high-brightness InGaN/AlGaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes, Applied Physics Letters, 64 (13) 1687. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.111832

Akasaki I., Amano H., Sota S., Sakai H., Tanaka T. & Koike M. (1995). Stimulated Emission by Current Injection from an AlGaN/GaN/GaInN Quantum Well Device, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 34 (11B) L1517. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7567/jjap.34.l1517

Citation
+
12:00 PM | A Tale Of Two Tails
Biology concepts – flagella, bacteria, prokaryotes, eukaryotes, undulipodia, axoneme, basal body, centrioleEveryone has the dream where you show up for a class that you didn’t know was on your schedule, only to be having a test. But in second place is the dream where you are back in elementary school, or maybe the principal’s office. Above is a picture of every teacher I had in elementary school.You find yourself transported back to sixth grade grammar class. You barely fit in […]

Prensier, G., Vivier, E., Goldstein, S. & Schrevel, J. (1980). Motile flagellum with a "3 + 0" ultrastructure, Science, 207 (4438) 1493-1494. DOI: 10.1126/science.7189065

Idei, M., Osada, K., Sato, S., Nakayama, T., Nagumo, T. & Mann, D. (2012). Sperm ultrastructure in the diatoms Melosira and Thalassiosira and the significance of the 9 + 0 configuration, Protoplasma, 250 (4) 833-850. DOI: 10.1007/s00709-012-0465-8

Feistel K & Blum M (2006). Three types of cilia including a novel 9+4 axoneme on the notochordal plate of the rabbit embryo., Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists, 235 (12) 3348-58. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17061268

Citation
+
10:49 AM | Video Tip of the Week: UCSC #Ebola Genome Portal
Although I had other tips in my queue already, over the last week I’ve seen a lot of talk about the new Ebola virus portal from the UCSC Genome Browser team. And it struck me that researchers who have worked primarily on viral sequences may not be as familiar with the functions of the UCSC […]

Karolchik D., G. P. Barber, J. Casper, H. Clawson, M. S. Cline, M. Diekhans, T. R. Dreszer, P. A. Fujita, L. Guruvadoo, M. Haeussler & R. A. Harte (2013). The UCSC Genome Browser database: 2014 update, Nucleic Acids Research, 42 (D1) D764-D770. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkt1168

Citation
+
8:34 AM | Alcohol and autism
I tread very carefully with this post today looking at some of the peer-reviewed research on the topic of alcohol use (and abuse) and autism without wishing to stigmatise nor generalise.I was brought to this important topic as a result of the recent paper by Tabata and colleagues [1] who discussed three case reports of alcoholism associated with a diagnosis of autism. For each person described in that report, a common theme describing alcohol being used as a means to "reduce anxiety" related to […]

Tabata K, Yoshida T & Naoe J (2014). Three cases of alcoholism with autism spectrum disorder., Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), 49 Suppl 1 PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25221235

Citation

October 07, 2014

+
11:44 PM | Climate change roundup: Underestimated ocean heat content and emissions from the peatlands!
A couple articles caught my attention over the past week that give some new modeling information about global warming.  So…I thought I’d do a quick rundown of the major findings of each! Why hold me at that gate of your secret? … Continue reading →

Fan, Z., Neff, J., Waldrop, M., Ballantyne, A. & Turetsky, M. (2014). Transport of oxygen in soil pore-water systems: implications for modeling emissions of carbon dioxide and methane from peatlands, Biogeochemistry, DOI: 10.1007/s10533-014-0012-0

Durack, P., Gleckler, P., Landerer, F. & Taylor, K. (2014). Quantifying underestimates of long-term upper-ocean warming, Nature Climate Change, DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2389

Citation
123456
164 Results