Posts

November 06, 2014

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9:30 AM | Neurotensin, autism and tail-chasing Bull Terrriers?
I'm not kidding.The paper by Tsilioni and colleagues [1] (open-access) did indeed look at serum levels of neurotensin and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in a cohort of children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) alongside levels in tail-chasing Bull Terrier dogs as compared to unaffected [non tail-chasing] Bull Terriers (BTs) and Labrador Retriever dogs. You may well smirk or even laugh at such research but, as per the recent [preliminary] broccoli chemical - […]

Tsilioni I, Dodman N, Petra AI, Taliou A, Francis K, Moon-Fanelli A, Shuster L & Theoharides TC (2014). Elevated serum neurotensin and CRH levels in children with autistic spectrum disorders and tail-chasing Bull Terriers with a phenotype similar to autism., Translational psychiatry, 4 PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25313509

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9:25 AM | Memory training boosts IQ
Is the IQ set in stone once we hit adulthood? ‘Yes it is’ used to be the received wisdom. A new meta-analysis challenges this view and gives hope to all of us who feel that mother nature should have endowed us with more IQ points. But is the training worth it? Intelligence increases in adults […]

Au, J., Sheehan, E., Tsai, N., Duncan, G., Buschkuehl, M. & Jaeggi, S. (2014). Improving fluid intelligence with training on working memory: a meta-analysis, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, DOI: 10.3758/s13423-014-0699-x

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3:13 AM | Neury Thursday: Sleep and the Blood Brain Barrier, with some hesitation
The blood brain barrier (aka, BBB) can be a royal pain in the arse for pharmacologists and pharmaceutical companies. The ultimate goal of the neuro division of big pharm is to design drugs that can be taken orally and yet still cross the BBB with little issues. Billions of dollars can be gained or lost […]

He, J., Hsuchou, H., He, Y., Kastin, A., Wang, Y. & Pan, W. (2014). Sleep Restriction Impairs Blood-Brain Barrier Function, Journal of Neuroscience, 34 (44) 14697-14706. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2111-14.2014

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November 05, 2014

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9:08 PM | A Big Break for Bio-Gasoline
While the world waits for a better battery (and a energy grid system that doesn’t require constant power making), scientists are hard at work trying to teach old fuels a […]

Foo, J., Jensen, H., Dahl, R., George, K., Keasling, J., Lee, T., Leong, S. & Mukhopadhyay, A. (2014). Improving Microbial Biogasoline Production in Escherichia coli Using Tolerance Engineering, mBio, 5 (6) DOI: 10.1128/mBio.01932-14

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5:04 PM | Where do people look? Where there’s information
1. BusinessInsider has a great collection of pictures tracking where people actually look when they see an image. (Big takeaway: men love to look at other people’s groins.) 2. Watch the video above: people generally look at the face of the … Continue reading →

Najemnik, J. & Geisler, W. (2005). Optimal eye movement strategies in visual search, Nature, 434 (7031) 387-391. DOI: 10.1038/nature03390

Gallup AC, Hale JJ, Sumpter DJ, Garnier S, Kacelnik A, Krebs JR & Couzin ID (2012). Visual attention and the acquisition of information in human crowds., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (19) 7245-50. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22529369

Gallup AC, Chong A, Kacelnik A, Krebs JR & Couzin ID (2014). The influence of emotional facial expressions on gaze-following in grouped and solitary pedestrians., Scientific reports, 4 5794. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25052060

Watson KK & Platt ML (2012). Social signals in primate orbitofrontal cortex., Current biology : CB, 22 (23) 2268-73. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23122847

Yorzinski JL & Platt ML (2014). Selective attention in peacocks during predator detection., Animal cognition, 17 (3) 767-77. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24253451

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2:47 PM | Video Tip of the Week: Genome Browser in a Box
We’ve been doing UCSC Genome Browser training workshops for a decade now. We’ve seen all sorts of situations–from places that had terrific bioinformatics and IT support, to places where the attendees had no idea if anyone provided support at their institution. Ironically, sometimes the places with little support were big-name research places where all the […]

Haeussler M., B. J. Raney, A. S. Hinrichs, H. Clawson, A. S. Zweig, D. Karolchik, J. Casper, M. L. Speir, D. Haussler & W. J. Kent & (2014). Navigating protected genomics data with UCSC Genome Browser in a Box, Bioinformatics, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btu712

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1:34 PM | Changes in Society and Diet from the Merovingian to Viking Age
Vikings are a hot topic right now. While I would hope this would be due to their interesting maritime culture, fascinating burial practices or an increased understanding in the important role […]

Naumann E, Price TD & Richards MP (2014). Changes in dietary practices and social organization during the pivotal late iron age period in Norway (AD 550-1030): Isotope analyses of merovingian and viking age human remains., American journal of physical anthropology, 155 (3) 322-31. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24898189

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1:30 PM | How Many Dogs is Enough for Canine Science?
And does it matter which dogs they are?Photo: Julia Remezova / ShuterstockThe number of dogs that take part in each research study is variable. Often, the sample size is small, because of the difficulty of recruiting dogs and their owners. And while scientists know how many are needed for statistical analysis, there are other things to take into account too.For example, breed may or may not be relevant. If only ten dogs take part in a study and they are all Australian Shepherds, the […]

Berns, G., Brooks, A. & Spivak, M. (2014). Scent of the familiar: An fMRI study of canine brain responses to familiar and unfamiliar human and dog odors, Behavioural Processes, DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2014.02.011

Berns, G., Brooks, A. & Spivak, M. (2012). Functional MRI in Awake Unrestrained Dogs, SSRN Electronic Journal, DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2047085

Lofgren, S., Wiener, P., Blott, S., Sanchez-Molano, E., Woolliams, J., Clements, D. & Haskell, M. (2014). Management and personality in Labrador Retriever dogs, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 156 44-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2014.04.006

McGowan, R., Rehn, T., Norling, Y. & Keeling, L. (2013). Positive affect and learning: exploring the “Eureka Effect” in dogs, Animal Cognition, 17 (3) 577-587. DOI: 10.1007/s10071-013-0688-x

Ottenheimer Carrier, L., Cyr, A., Anderson, R. & Walsh, C. (2013). Exploring the dog park: Relationships between social behaviours, personality and cortisol in companion dogs, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 146 (1-4) 96-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2013.04.002

Rooney NJ, Morant S & Guest C (2013). Investigation into the value of trained glycaemia alert dogs to clients with type I diabetes., PloS one, 8 (8) PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23950905

Savvides, N. (2013). Living with dogs: Alternative animal practices in Bangkok, Thailand, Animal Studies Journal, 2 (2) 28-50. Other:

Westgarth, C., Christley, R. & Christian, H. (2014). How might we increase physical activity through dog walking?: A comprehensive review of dog walking correlates, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11 (1) 83. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-11-83

Westgarth, C., Christley, R., Pinchbeck, G., Gaskell, R., Dawson, S. & Bradshaw, J. (2010). Dog behaviour on walks and the effect of use of the leash, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 125 (1-2) 38-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2010.03.007

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1:00 PM | Doing More With Less
Biology concepts – protists, complexity, undulipodia, flagella, cilia, amoebas, Emotions are one of the things that make humans so complex. Memories attached to associations, stimulated by individualized brain chemistry makes it so you can’t predict how any one person might feel about a particular stimulus. But perhaps we are not so complex. A new study suggests that there are really only four human emotions, happy, sad, afraid, and mad. The other two commonly held states, disgusted […]

Jack, R., Garrod, O. & Schyns, P. (2014). Dynamic Facial Expressions of Emotion Transmit an Evolving Hierarchy of Signals over Time, Current Biology, 24 (2) 187-192. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.11.064

Dhawan S, Jain D & Mehta VS (2013). Balantidium coli: an unrecognized cause of vertebral osteomyelitis and myelopathy., Journal of neurosurgery. Spine, 18 (3) 310-3. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23259539

Chou J, Hao J, Kuroda S, Ben-Nissan B, Milthopre B & Otsuka M (2014). Bone regeneration of calvarial defect using marine calcareous-derived beta-tricalcium phosphate macrospheres., Journal of tissue engineering, 5 2147483647. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24808939

Yuasa T & Takahashi O (2014). Ultrastructural morphology of the reproductive swarmers of Sphaerozoum punctatum (Huxley) from the East China Sea., European journal of protistology, 50 (2) 194-204. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24447698

Sifuentes LY, Choate BL, Gerba CP & Bright KR (2014). The occurrence of Naegleria fowleri in recreational waters in Arizona., Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering, 49 (11) 1322-30. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24967566

Mah JL, Christensen-Dalsgaard KK & Leys SP (2014). Choanoflagellate and choanocyte collar-flagellar systems and the assumption of homology., Evolution & development, 16 (1) 25-37. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24393465

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9:54 AM | You've heard of "Owls" and "Larks", now sleep scientists propose two more chronotypes
For many years psychologists have divided people into two types based on their sleeping habits. There are Larks who rise early, feel sprightly in the morning, and retire to bed early; and Owls, who do the opposite, preferring to get up late and who come alive in the evening.Have you ever thought that you don't fit either pattern; that you're neither a morning nor evening person? Even in good health, maybe you feel sluggish most of the time, or conversely, perhaps you feel high energy in the […]

Putilov, A., Donskaya, O. & Verevkin, E. (2015). How many diurnal types are there? A search for two further “bird species”, Personality and Individual Differences, 72 12-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.08.003

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9:39 AM | (Partly) explaining the increase in the prevalence of autism
"Changes in reporting practices can account for most (60%) of the increase in the observed prevalence of ASDs [autism spectrum disorders] in children born from 1980 through 1991 in Denmark."Prince of Denmark @ Wikipedia That was the headline conclusion reported by Stefan Nygaard Hansen and colleagues [1] based on an analysis of births in Denmark between 1st January 1980 and 31st December 1991 (N=677,915) followed up until 31st December 2011 (or "until ASD diagnosis, […]

Hansen, S., Schendel, D. & Parner, E. (2014). Explaining the Increase in the Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders, JAMA Pediatrics, DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1893

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November 04, 2014

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10:46 PM | Steak is bad for the Heart and now We Know why
“Red meat is bad for your heart”, that is typically the story we hear from people. While some might take this as meat is bad for us, or that it […]

Koeth RA, Wang Z, Levison BS, Buffa JA, Org E, Sheehy BT, Britt EB, Fu X, Wu Y, Li L & Smith JD (2013). Intestinal microbiota metabolism of L-carnitine, a nutrient in red meat, promotes atherosclerosis., Nature medicine, 19 (5) 576-85. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23563705

Robert A. Koeth, Bruce S. Levison, Miranda K. Culley, Jennifer A. Buff, Zeneng Wang, Jill C. Gregory, Elin Org, Yuping Wu, Lin Li, Jonathan D. Smith, W.H. Wilson Tang, Joseph A. DiDonato & Aldons J. Lusis (2014). g-Butyrobetaine is a proatherogenic intermediate in gut microbial metabolism of L-carnitine to TMAO, Cell Press, Other:

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3:52 PM | Anorexia Nervosa: Fasting and Starvation Brain Effects
Brain research in anorexia nervosa presents several challenges.Current knowledge of cognitive function in anorexia supports impairment in set shifting and global brain processing or central coherence.However, there are two issues that complicate understanding the underlying brain effects in anorexia nervosa.First, individuals with anorexia nervosa often have additional anxiety and mood disorders. It can be difficult to tease out the specific effects of anorexia nervosa from the effects of these […]

Pender, S., Gilbert, S. & Serpell, L. (2014). The Neuropsychology of Starvation: Set-Shifting and Central Coherence in a Fasted Nonclinical Sample, PLoS ONE, 9 (10) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110743

Billingsley-Marshall RL, Basso MR, Lund BC, Hernandez ER, Johnson CL, Drevets WC, McKee PA & Yates WR (2013). Executive function in eating disorders: the role of state anxiety., The International journal of eating disorders, 46 (4) 316-21. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23354876

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10:01 AM | Producers and consumers of autism research: never the twain shall meet?
I was interested to read the paper by Elizabeth Pellicano and colleagues [1] (open-access) investigating "the views of community involvement in autism research both from the perspectives of autism researchers and of community members, including autistic adults, family members and practitioners". Quite a few results are reported including the idea that researchers "were skeptical about the possibilities of dramatically increasing community engagement, while community members themselves spoke […]

Pellicano E, Dinsmore A & Charman T (2014). Views on Researcher-Community Engagement in Autism Research in the United Kingdom: A Mixed-Methods Study., PloS one, 9 (10) PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25303222

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10:01 AM | Does dreaming of exam failure affect your real-life chances of success?
Why do we dream? It's still a scientific mystery. The "Threat Simulation Theory" proposes that we dream as a way to simulate real-life threats and prepare ourselves for dealing with them. "This simulation in an almost-real experiential world would train the brain to perceive dangers and rapidly face them within the safe condition of sleeping," write the authors of a new paper that's put the theory to the test.Isabelle Arnulf and her colleagues reasoned that if dreams help simulate future […]

Arnulf, I., Grosliere, L., Le Corvec, T., Golmard, J., Lascols, O. & Duguet, A. (2014). Will students pass a competitive exam that they failed in their dreams?, Consciousness and Cognition, 29 36-47. DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2014.06.010

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9:41 AM | Can you beat a chicken sexer? Revisiting embryo manipulation of the avian chick.
Chicken, quail, zebra finch, emu, duck, crow……a simple glimpse and we immediately realize how the Aves have, as a model system left their traces in various fields of biological research. And within the Aves class, the domestic fowl Gallus gallus is no doubt revered highly among the developmental biologists for their certainly distinguished career. Discovery […]

Nagai, H., Sezaki, M., Nakamura, H. & Sheng, G. (2014). Extending the limits of avian embryo culture with the modified Cornish pasty and whole-embryo transplantation methods, Methods, 66 (3) 441-446. DOI: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2013.05.005

Nagai, H., Lin, M. & Sheng, G. (2011). A modified cornish pasty method for ex ovo culture of the chick embryo, genesis, 49 (1) 46-52. DOI: 10.1002/dvg.20690

Tanaka, J., Harada, H., Ito, K., Ogura, T. & Nakamura, H. (2010). Gene manipulation of chick embryos in vitro, early chick culture, and long survival in transplanted eggs, Development, Growth & Differentiation, 52 (7) 629-634. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-169X.2010.01198.x

Nagai, H., Sezaki, M., Bertocchini, F., Fukuda, K. & Sheng, G. (2014). HINTW, a W-chromosome HINT gene in chick, is expressed ubiquitously and is a robust female cell marker applicable in intraspecific chimera studies , Genesis, 52 (5) 424-430. DOI: 10.1002/dvg.22769

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7:42 AM | RotM: Interview with Prof. Michael Garstang
We continue our Researcher of the Month (RotM) series, with an interview with Professor Michael Garstang, Distinguished Investigator and Research Professor at the Department of Environmental Sciences at the University of Virgina. Professor Garstang is also associated with a Simpsons Weather Associates, a private environmental research company and recently published a paper in PLoS One about

Garstang, M., Davis, R., Leggett, K., Frauenfeld, O., Greco, S., Zipser, E. & Peterson, M. (2014). Response of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) to Seasonal Changes in Rainfall, PLoS ONE, 9 (10) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108736

Kelley, M. & Garstang, M. (2013). On the Possible Detection of Lightning Storms by Elephants, Animals, 3 (2) 349-355. DOI: 10.3390/ani3020349

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November 03, 2014

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10:55 PM | Reshaping the Limits of Synthetic Biology
Ever think you could have built something better if you had a hand in the design? Sometimes people just have a desire to make, after all the maker movement is […]

J. Boeke et al (2014). Circular permutation of a synthetic eukaryotic chromosome with the telomerator, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Other:

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2:47 PM | Storia e gloria di un numero uno
Stupiti che 1 non sia primo? Scopriamo insieme perché è "solo" l'unità!Abbiamo già visto come, partendo dai numeri primi, si possa sviluppare un discorso più o meno approfondito sulle fondamenta matematiche. Altrettanto fondamentale, però, si rivela provare a rispondere alla domanda su quale sia il numero primo più piccolo. E', infatti, abbastanza noto come il numero 1 sia stato ora inserito ora escluso dalla lista dei numeri primi, ottenendo in […]

Agargun A.G. & Fletcher C.R. (1997). The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic Dissected, The Mathematical Gazette, 81 (490) 53-57. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3618768

Crandall R. & Pomerance C.B. (2005). Primes!, Prime Numbers, Prime numbers: a computational perspective 1-82. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/0-387-28979-8_1

Caldwell C.K. & Xiong Y. (2012). What is the smallest prime?, Journal of Integer Sequences, 15 arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1209.2007v2

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9:13 AM | Probiotics to counter heavy metal toxicity?
"In summary, this work has demonstrated the potential value of long-term probiotic-based interventions to counter mercury and arsenic exposure in vulnerable populations, particularly in pregnant women".Sounds like an '80s man to me...That was one of the primary conclusions reported by Jordan Bisanz and colleagues [1] (open-access) examining "at-risk populations of pregnant women and in children in Mwanza, Tanzania". The idea being that alongside the use of metal chelating medicines such […]

Jordan E. Bisanz, Megan K. Enos, Joseph R. Mwanga, John Changalucha, Jeremy P. Burton, Gregory B. Gloor & Gregor Reid (2014). Randomized Open-Label Pilot Study of the Influence of Probiotics and the Gut Microbiome on Toxic Metal Levels in Tanzanian Pregnant Women and School Children, mBio, Other:

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7:51 AM | Cannabis Use and Psychosis: The Still Difficult Question of Causality
Many studies have linked adolescent cannabis use and risk of becoming psychotic later in life. However, the question of whether cannabis use actually causes some people to become psychotic is a difficult one to answer and the evidence remains inconclusive. Although it is possible that cannabis use could be a direct cause of mental illness, it is also possible that both usage and mental illness are caused by an underlying third factor. In support of this latter theory, a recently published study […]

McLaren JA, Silins E, Hutchinson D, Mattick RP & Hall W (2010). Assessing evidence for a causal link between cannabis and psychosis: a review of cohort studies., The International journal on drug policy, 21 (1) 10-9. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19783132

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1:23 AM | JUST PUBLISHED: Decision Making - Monkey See, Monkey Do (But Not Like a Human)
A great deal is known about how we make simple decisions, right down to the way neurons in our brains connect to translate the things we sense into the responses we make. Some of the most important neural studies of decision-making have used monkeys as an analogue for humans. The broader scope of methodology which can be used with primates has provided information far beyond that obtainable from human experimentation. However, conclusions based on animal experiments may not always translate to […]

Cassey, P., Heathcote, A. & Brown, S. (2014). Brain and Behavior in Decision-Making, PLoS Computational Biology, 10 (7) 1-7. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003700

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November 02, 2014

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7:11 PM | Boosting Crop Yields via Genetics
Genetic engineering techniques offers many different promises, some of which will obviously come sooner than others. One of those promises was a possible end to famine, while most famine in […]

Z. Lippman et al. (2014). Optimization of crop productivity in tomato using induced mutations in the florigen pathway, Nature Genetics, Other:

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2:53 PM | Understanding the past to know more about our future: study finds spikes in carbon dioxide levels correlated with end of last glacial cycle
Scientists often look to the past to understand what will happen in the future.  This is possible because we expect the same natural laws at play then will be the same now and in the years to come.  This is … Continue reading →

Marcott, S., Bauska, T., Buizert, C., Steig, E., Rosen, J., Cuffey, K., Fudge, T., Severinghaus, J., Ahn, J., Kalk, M. & McConnell, J. (2014). Centennial-scale changes in the global carbon cycle during the last deglaciation, Nature, 514 (7524) 616-619. DOI: 10.1038/nature13799

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2:47 PM | The heritability of fears
Cyborg © EEGAs many of you know, one of my favorite topics here on the blog is epigenetic inheritance, i.e. the mechanisms that regulate changes in gene expression that can be passed from one generation to the next. Epigenetics has revolutionized the way we look at genetic inheritance: Darwin had taught us that the only way the environment can shape the genome of a species is through natural selection. While this is certainly still true, today we also know that:1) Most of the mutations we […]

Dias, B. & Ressler, K. (2013). Parental olfactory experience influences behavior and neural structure in subsequent generations, Nature Neuroscience, 17 (1) 89-96. DOI: 10.1038/nn.3594

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3:55 AM | From realism to interfaces and rationality in evolutionary games
As I was preparing some reading assignments, I realized that I don’t have a single resource available that covers the main ideas of the interface theory of perception, objective versus subjective rationality, and their relationship to evolutionary game theory. I wanted to correct this oversight and use it as opportunity to comment on the philosophy […]

Kaznatcheev, A., Montrey, M. & Shultz, T.R. (2014). Evolving useful delusions: Subjectively rational selfishness leads to objectively irrational cooperation., Proceedings of the 36th annual conference of the cognitive science societ., arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.0041v1

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November 01, 2014

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5:14 PM | Where HIV hides
HIV is hard to get rid of,not because it primarily resides in the blood, but because of where it hides when antiretrovirals drop HIV levels.  So the real question is where […]

Micci L, Alvarez X, Iriele RI, Ortiz AM, Ryan ES, McGary CS, Deleage C, McAtee BB, He T, Apetrei C & Easley K (2014). CD4 Depletion in SIV-Infected Macaques Results in Macrophage and Microglia Infection with Rapid Turnover of Infected Cells., PLoS pathogens, 10 (10) PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25356757

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10:07 AM | Early childhood atopy and autism risk
De profundis clamo ad te, domineRegular readers will probably have heard something like this before so I'm sorry if I'm repeating myself: "The presence of any atopic disease in early childhood increased the risk of developing ADHD [attention deficit hyperactivity disorder]... and ASD [autism spectrum disorder]... in later life".So said Mu-Hong Chen and colleagues [1] with yet another 'big data' paper coming out of Taiwan.There is little point in me turning this research into some […]

Chen MH, Su TP, Chen YS, Hsu JW, Huang KL, Chang WH, Chen TJ, Pan TL & Bai YM (2014). Is atopy in early childhood a risk factor for ADHD and ASD? A longitudinal study., Journal of psychosomatic research, 77 (4) 316-21. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25280829

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9:42 AM | Strange, Vampire-like Deer Still Alive in Afghanistan
Musk deers use their distinctive fungs tusks during the rutting season  to compete with other males.Photo shows a Siberian musk deer, a similar and closelyrelated species.Credit: Julie Larsen Maher © WCSIt's been more than 60 years after the last confirmed sighting of the Kashmir musk deer in Afganistan, a strange deer with vampire-like fangs native to Afghanistan, Republic of India, and Pakistan.Now, a new study appearing in the latest edition of the journal Oryx reveals that […]

Ostrowski, S., Rahmani, H., Ali, J., Ali, R. & Zahler, P. (2014). Musk deer Moschus cupreus persist in the eastern forests of Afghanistan, Oryx, 1-6. DOI: 10.1017/S0030605314000611

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October 31, 2014

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8:05 PM | New Genetic Editing Technique Offers Novel Treatment of Defects
The promises of genetic modifications are endless, longer life, better health, cures for genetic based diseases that would otherwise cause an unimaginable amount of suffering all wiped out. We’ve come a […]

Zuris JA, Thompson DB, Shu Y, Guilinger JP, Bessen JL, Hu JH, Maeder ML, Joung JK, Chen ZY & Liu DR & (2014). Cationic lipid-mediated delivery of proteins enables efficient protein-based genome editing in vitro and in vivo., Nature biotechnology, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25357182

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