Posts

October 11, 2014

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4:06 PM | Efficacy of foetal stem cell transplantation in autism...
The recent news that researchers might be one step closer to 'curing' type 1 diabetes following the publication of the paper by Pagliuca and colleagues [1] brought back into focus how stem cell therapy might hold some promise for all manner of conditions. The idea that researchers could generate "hundreds of millions of glucose-responsive β cells from hPSC [human pluripotent stem cells] in vitro" still faces a few challenges, including overcoming the immune assault central to the […]

Bradstreet JJ, Sych N, Antonucci N, Klunnik M, Ivankova O, Matyashchuk I, Demchuk M & Siniscalco D (2014). Efficacy of fetal stem cell transplantation in autism spectrum disorders: an open-labeled pilot study., Cell transplantation, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25302490

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8:48 AM | Yet more air pollution and autism risk research
Air pollution and autism risk. It's a topic which has cropped up a few times on this blog (see here and see here and see here) with the majority of the research (but not all) suggesting that there may be something to see when it comes to such a correlation.Enter then the paper by Amy Kalkbrenner and colleagues [1] to proceedings, and their conclusion: "Our study adds to previous work in California showing a relation between traffic-related air pollution and autism, and adds similar findings in […]

Kalkbrenner AE, Windham GC, Serre ML, Akita Y, Wang X, Hoffman K, Thayer BP & Daniels JL (2014). Particulate Matter Exposure, Prenatal and Postnatal Windows of Susceptibility, and Autism Spectrum Disorders., Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25286049

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3:26 AM | The red of bearded vultures—allure or cure?
We now know that bearded vultures deliberately dust themselves red. But why?

Negro JJ, Margalida A, Hiraldo F & Heredia R (1999). The function of the cosmetic coloration of bearded vultures: when art imitates life., Animal behaviour, 58 (5) PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10564620

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October 10, 2014

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9:49 PM | How the Brain Heals After a Stroke
You have all the brain cells you’ll ever have when you reach adulthood. That was the science lesson I was taught in high school from, maybe a misguided teacher, or […]

Magnusson, J., Goritz, C., Tatarishvili, J., Dias, D., Smith, E., Lindvall, O., Kokaia, Z. & Frisen, J. (2014). A latent neurogenic program in astrocytes regulated by Notch signaling in the mouse, Science, 346 (6206) 237-241. DOI: 10.1126/science.346.6206.237

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3:54 PM | A "parsimonious" Bayesian supertree model for estimating species trees
When we have sequence alignments regarding several genes from a group of taxa, we usually want to extract the phylogenetic information common to all of them. However, in many cases such phylogenomic analyses depend on selecting one sequence from each species per gene family (=alignment), or excluding paralogs, or partitioning these paralogous sequences into loci, or utilizing only gene families without apparent paralogs. If we want to analyse all our data at once, without excluding sequences or […]

de Oliveira Martins L., Mallo D. & Posada D. (2014). A Bayesian Supertree Model for Genome-Wide Species Tree Reconstruction, Systematic Biology, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syu082

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2:00 PM | Ebola Virus VP40 -A protein straight out of “transformers”
  Ebola. Just the word is enough to make people panic. Well “Ebola” is actually just a river in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Of course when they hear the word, most people think about the deadly virus discovered near this river in 1976. To clarify the terminology, “Ebola” is the river; “Ebolavirus” is […]

Bornholdt Z., Dafna M. Abelson, Peter Halfmann, Malcolm R. Wood, Yoshihiro Kawaoka & Erica Ollmann Saphire (2013). Structural Rearrangement of Ebola Virus VP40 Begets Multiple Functions in the Virus Life Cycle, Cell, 154 (4) 763-774. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2013.07.015

Feldmann H. (2011). Ebola haemorrhagic fever, The Lancet, 377 (9768) 849-862. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60667-8

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12:00 PM | For Disguise, Female Squid Turn On Fake Testes
Did you know this week is International Cephalopod Awareness Days? I’ll assume your gifts are in the mail. Today is dedicated to squid, and you can’t have total cephalopod awareness without discussing fake squid testes. This post was first published in September 2013. The best way to stay out of trouble, if you’re a shimmery, […]The post For Disguise, Female Squid Turn On Fake Testes appeared first on Inkfish.

DeMartini DG, Ghoshal A, Pandolfi E, Weaver AT, Baum M & Morse DE (2013). Dynamic biophotonics: female squid exhibit sexually dimorphic tunable leucophores and iridocytes., The Journal of experimental biology, 216 (Pt 19) 3733-41. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24006348

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12:00 PM | Fly Life: How to name your new fruit fly gene (and what not to name it)
When it comes to genetic research, fruit flies take the spotlight. They are often used to study specific genes, and researchers who find new genes get the privilege of naming them. The best way to study a gene is to mutate it and see what happens when the gene’s function is lost. As a result, […]

Choudhry Z., Adnan Maqsood Choudhry, Sadaf Tariq, Fozia Zakaria, Muhammad Waheed Asghar, Muhammad Khan Sarfraz, Kamran Haider, Afia Ansar Shafiq & Nusrat Jahan Mobassarah (2014). Sonic hedgehog signalling pathway: a complex network, Annals of Neurosciences, 21 (1) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5214/ans.0972.7531.210109

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8:40 AM | Vitamin D supplement improves autistic behaviours?
I don't want to get too ahead of myself with this post talking about the paper by Feiyong Jia and colleagues [1] (open-access) who concluded: "Vitamin D supplementation may be effective in ameliorating the autistic behavioral problems in children with autism spectrum disorders [ASDs]".The idea however that issues with vitamin D seemingly present in quite a few cases of ASD [2] (see here too) but not all [3] might actually have more direct consequences for behavioural presentation […]

贾, �. (2014). Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Autistic Symptoms in a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Asian Case Reports in Pediatrics, 02 (03) 21-24. DOI: 10.12677/ACRP.2014.23005

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2:15 AM | Ecology of cancer: mimicry, eco-engineers, morphostats, and nutrition
One of my favorite parts of mathematical modeling is the opportunities it provides to carefully explore metaphors and analogies between disciplines. The connection most carefully explored at the MBI Workshop on the Ecology and Evolution of Cancer was, as you can guess from the name, between ecology and oncology. Looking at cancer from the perspective […]

Potter, J. (2007). Morphogens, morphostats, microarchitecture and malignancy., Nature Reviews Cancer, 7 (6) 464-474. DOI: 10.1038/nrc2146

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12:06 AM | Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Mental Health – What Does it Take ?
“These are ways of treating illness that have developed outside the mainstream of modern medicine.” (The Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2009) There is growing evidence that Complementary Therapies are being used to good effect within mental health services throughout the UK and Internationally. Many clinicians are expanding the spectrum and variety of services to be offered to patients/clients both in the hospital and in the community. In recent years complementary therapies have […]

Eisenberg, D., Kessler, R., Foster, C., Norlock, F., Calkins, D. & Delbanco, T. (1993). Unconventional Medicine in the United States -- Prevalence, Costs, and Patterns of Use, New England Journal of Medicine, 328 (4) 246-252. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199301283280406

Kessler, R. (2001). The Use of Complementary and Alternative Therapies to Treat Anxiety and Depression in the United States, American Journal of Psychiatry, 158 (2) 289-294. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.2.289

Unützer J, Klap R, Sturm R, Young AS, Marmon T, Shatkin J & Wells KB (2000). Mental disorders and the use of alternative medicine: results from a national survey., The American journal of psychiatry, 157 (11) 1851-7. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11058485

Briggs JP & Killen J (2013). Perspectives on complementary and alternative medicine research., JAMA, 310 (7) 691-2. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23990064

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October 09, 2014

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8:10 PM | Solar Panel Hybrid is Cheap and Super Efficient
Solar cells are inefficient, it’s a sad fact. With todays technology they boast about a 10-15% efficiency, compare that to todays gas engine at roughly 20-25% and you can see […]

Tabachnyk M, Ehrler B, Gélinas S, Böhm ML, Walker BJ, Musselman KP, Greenham NC, Friend RH & Rao A (2014). Resonant energy transfer of triplet excitons from pentacene to PbSe nanocrystals., Nature materials, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25282509

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4:11 PM | Fine control
My last blog on timing in some neurons in the cerebellum has started a string of thoughts. Here we have a part of the brain with an anatomy that is well mapped as opposed to many other parts. It has more neurons than the rest of the brain put together. It has grown relatively larger […]

Barton, R. & Venditti, C. (2014). Rapid Evolution of the Cerebellum in Humans and Other Great Apes, Current Biology, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.08.056

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1:43 PM | Dyslexia: trouble reading ‘four’
Dyslexia affects about every tenth reader. It shows up when trying to read, especially when reading fast. But it is still not fully clear what words dyslexic readers find particularly hard. So, I did some research to find out, and I published the article today. Imagine seeing a new word ‘bour’. How would you pronounce […]

Kunert, R. & Scheepers, C. (2014). Speed and accuracy of dyslexic versus typical word recognition: an eye-movement investigation, Frontiers in Psychology, 5 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01129

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8:41 AM | Physical activity and fitness levels and autism
Although at present having to be slightly more cautious following some recent surgery (general anaesthetic is awesome by the way!), I normally consider myself to be quite an active person. Through previous discussions on this blog covering topics on the positive effects of walking (see here) and the physical+ benefits of the martial arts (see here) I'd like to think that there are quite a few ways and means that the population at large can easily increase their daily physical activity levels. […]

Tyler, K., MacDonald, M. & Menear, K. (2014). Physical Activity and Physical Fitness of School-Aged Children and Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Autism Research and Treatment, 2014 1-6. DOI: 10.1155/2014/312163

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October 08, 2014

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8:43 PM | tRNA lookalikes in the Human Genome
There was a time not long ago when we knew we had the longest genome. It was an obvious assumption because we are “in fact” the most intelligent and complex species […]

Telonis, A., Loher, P., Kirino, Y. & Rigoutsos, I. (2014). Nuclear and mitochondrial tRNA-lookalikes in the human genome, Frontiers in Genetics, 5 DOI: 10.3389/fgene.2014.00344

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5:04 PM | Nuevas direcciones en psicología y salud cardiovascular
Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la primera causa de muerte a nivel global. Según datos de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, 17.3 millones de personas murieron debido a enfermedades cardiovasculares […]

Matthews, K (2013). Matters of the heart: advancing psychological perspectives on cardiovascular diseases, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8 (6) 676-678. DOI: 10.1177/1745691613506908

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3:45 PM | The Surprising History of Veterinary Medicine for Dogs and Cats
And the ‘dangerous’ woman who played a vital role.Photo: Bildagentur Zoonar GmbHWe are used to the idea that veterinarians treat dogs, cats, rabbits and other small animals, but it wasn’t always so. Before the automobile, the main role for vets was in the treatment of horses. As the number of horses declined, two British government reports (in 1938 and 1944) suggested vets should specialize in the treatment of farm animals. The change to small animals is often explained […]

Gardiner, A. (2014). The 'Dangerous' Women of Animal Welfare: How British Veterinary Medicine Went to the Dogs, Social History of Medicine, 27 (3) 466-487. DOI: 10.1093/shm/hkt101

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3:11 PM | Manca un poco di blu
Illustrazione realizzata con SketchBookXUna delle prime classificazioni che si apprendono quando si inizia a studiare il comportamento della materia di fronte all'elettricità è quella tra conduttori e isolanti: un conduttore è un materiale che permette facilmente il passaggio delle cariche elettriche, un isolante, invece, lo impedisce (o lo rende difficoltoso). E' possibile caratterizzare questi due generi di materiali attraverso le caratteristiche fisiche degli atomi che […]

Holonyak N. & Bevacqua S.F. (1962). Coherent (visible) light emission from Ga(As1−xPx) junctions, Applied Physics Letters, 1 (4) 82. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1753706

Nakamura S., Mukai T. & Senoh M. (1994). Candela-class high-brightness InGaN/AlGaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes, Applied Physics Letters, 64 (13) 1687. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.111832

Akasaki I., Amano H., Sota S., Sakai H., Tanaka T. & Koike M. (1995). Stimulated Emission by Current Injection from an AlGaN/GaN/GaInN Quantum Well Device, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 34 (11B) L1517. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7567/jjap.34.l1517

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12:00 PM | A Tale Of Two Tails
Biology concepts – flagella, bacteria, prokaryotes, eukaryotes, undulipodia, axoneme, basal body, centrioleEveryone has the dream where you show up for a class that you didn’t know was on your schedule, only to be having a test. But in second place is the dream where you are back in elementary school, or maybe the principal’s office. Above is a picture of every teacher I had in elementary school.You find yourself transported back to sixth grade grammar class. You barely fit in […]

Prensier, G., Vivier, E., Goldstein, S. & Schrevel, J. (1980). Motile flagellum with a "3 + 0" ultrastructure, Science, 207 (4438) 1493-1494. DOI: 10.1126/science.7189065

Idei, M., Osada, K., Sato, S., Nakayama, T., Nagumo, T. & Mann, D. (2012). Sperm ultrastructure in the diatoms Melosira and Thalassiosira and the significance of the 9 + 0 configuration, Protoplasma, 250 (4) 833-850. DOI: 10.1007/s00709-012-0465-8

Feistel K & Blum M (2006). Three types of cilia including a novel 9+4 axoneme on the notochordal plate of the rabbit embryo., Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists, 235 (12) 3348-58. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17061268

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10:49 AM | Video Tip of the Week: UCSC #Ebola Genome Portal
Although I had other tips in my queue already, over the last week I’ve seen a lot of talk about the new Ebola virus portal from the UCSC Genome Browser team. And it struck me that researchers who have worked primarily on viral sequences may not be as familiar with the functions of the UCSC […]

Karolchik D., G. P. Barber, J. Casper, H. Clawson, M. S. Cline, M. Diekhans, T. R. Dreszer, P. A. Fujita, L. Guruvadoo, M. Haeussler & R. A. Harte (2013). The UCSC Genome Browser database: 2014 update, Nucleic Acids Research, 42 (D1) D764-D770. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkt1168

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8:34 AM | Alcohol and autism
I tread very carefully with this post today looking at some of the peer-reviewed research on the topic of alcohol use (and abuse) and autism without wishing to stigmatise nor generalise.I was brought to this important topic as a result of the recent paper by Tabata and colleagues [1] who discussed three case reports of alcoholism associated with a diagnosis of autism. For each person described in that report, a common theme describing alcohol being used as a means to "reduce anxiety" related to […]

Tabata K, Yoshida T & Naoe J (2014). Three cases of alcoholism with autism spectrum disorder., Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), 49 Suppl 1 PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25221235

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October 07, 2014

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11:44 PM | Climate change roundup: Underestimated ocean heat content and emissions from the peatlands!
A couple articles caught my attention over the past week that give some new modeling information about global warming.  So…I thought I’d do a quick rundown of the major findings of each! Why hold me at that gate of your secret? … Continue reading →

Fan, Z., Neff, J., Waldrop, M., Ballantyne, A. & Turetsky, M. (2014). Transport of oxygen in soil pore-water systems: implications for modeling emissions of carbon dioxide and methane from peatlands, Biogeochemistry, DOI: 10.1007/s10533-014-0012-0

Durack, P., Gleckler, P., Landerer, F. & Taylor, K. (2014). Quantifying underestimates of long-term upper-ocean warming, Nature Climate Change, DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2389

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9:00 PM | The Blood-Brain Barrier and the Future of Medicine
The blood-brain barrier, not quite a brick and mortar defense from the outside world, but strangely enough it is extremely effective. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) acts as a bouncer, it […]

Liu, D., Qian, C., An, Y., Chang, D., Ju, S. & Teng, G. (2014). Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Post-Ischemic Blood-Brain Barrier Damaging with PEGylated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles, Nanoscale, DOI: 10.1039/C4NR03942D

Gluska S, Zahavi EE, Chein M, Gradus T, Bauer A, Finke S & Perlson E (2014). Rabies Virus Hijacks and Accelerates the p75NTR Retrograde Axonal Transport Machinery., PLoS pathogens, 10 (8) PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25165859

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Editor's Pick
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2:15 PM | Scientists Recommend Vole Shaving
Sometimes scientists need to make their research subjects’ lives harder. No matter how much affection they may feel for those flatworms or fish or pigeons, there are certain things they can only learn by forcing the animals to use more energy. But for animals living in the wild, this can be tricky. Now scientists studying […]The post Scientists Recommend Vole Shaving appeared first on Inkfish.

Szafrańska PA, Zub K, Wieczorek M, Książek A, Speakman JR & Konarzewski M (2014). Shaving increases daily energy expenditures in free living root voles., The Journal of experimental biology, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25278468

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9:14 AM | Ritratti: Carlo Rubbia
Il modo migliore per aspettare il #Nobel per la #Fisica 2014In quel giorno di 30 anni fa (stiamo parlando della seconda settimana di ottobre del 1984) ero, quasi sicuramente, a scuola. Sarà stata la terza elementare e ancora la fisica non era una mia passione. Certo iniziavo bene: quando la maestra chiese cos'era lo spazio, io pensai immediatamente all'universo, ma la domanda non era riferita a quello "spazio", ma a un altro, quello di tipo geometrico. Però non è su quei […]

Glashow S.L. (1961). Partial-symmetries of weak interactions, Nuclear Physics, 22 (4) 579-588. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0029-5582(61)90469-2

Weinberg S. (1967). A Model of Leptons, Physical Review Letters, 19 (21) 1264-1266. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.19.1264

Arnison G., B. Aubert, C. Bacci, R. Bernabei, A. Bézaguet, R. Bock, M. Calvetti, P. Catz, S. Centro & F. Ceradini & (1981). Some observations on the first events seen at the CERN proton-antiproton collider, Physics Letters B, 107 (4) 320-324. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(81)90839-x

Arnison G., B. Aubert, C. Bacci, G. Bauer, A. Bézaguet, R. Böck, T.J.V. Bowcock, M. Calvetti, T. Carroll & P. Catz & (1983). Experimental observation of isolated large transverse energy electrons with associated missing energy at, Physics Letters B, 122 (1) 103-116. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(83)91177-2

Arnison G., B. Aubert, C. Bacci, G. Bauer, A. Bézaguet, R. Böck, T.J.V. Bowcock, M. Calvetti, P. Catz & P. Cennini & (1983). Experimental observation of lepton pairs of invariant mass around 95 GeV/c2 at the CERN SPS collider, Physics Letters B, 126 (5) 398-410. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(83)90188-0

Banner M., Ph. Bloch, F. Bonaudi, K. Borer, M. Borghini, J.-C. Chollet, A.G. Clark, C. Conta, P. Darriulat & L. Di Lella & (1983). Observation of single isolated electrons of high transverse momentum in events with missing transverse energy at the CERN p collider, Physics Letters B, 122 (5-6) 476-485. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(83)91605-2

Bagnaia P., R. Battiston, Ph. Bloch, F. Bonaudi, K. Borer, M. Borghini, J.-C. Chollet, A.G. Clark, C. Conta & P. Darriulat & (1983). Evidence for Z0→e e− at the CERN p collider, Physics Letters B, 129 (1-2) 130-140. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(83)90744-x

Rubbia C. (1985). Experimental observation of the intermediate vector bosons W , W-, and Z0, Reviews of Modern Physics, 57 (3) 699-722. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.57.699

Cline D.B., Mann A.K. & Rubbia C. (1974). The Detection of Neutral Weak Currents, Scientific American, 231 (6) 108-119. DOI: 10.1038/scientificamerican1274-108

Rubbia C., McIntyre P. & Cline D. (1977). Producing Massive Neutral Intermediate Vector Bosons with Existing Accelerators, Proceedings of the International Neutrino Conference Aachen 1976, 683-687. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-322-90614-4_67

van der Meer S. (1981). Stochastic Cooling in the CERN Antiproton Accumulator, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 28 (3) 1994-1998. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tns.1981.4331574

Maki Z., Nakagawa M. & Sakata S. (1962). Remarks on the Unified Model of Elementary Particles, Progress of Theoretical Physics, 28 (5) 870-880. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1143/ptp.28.870

Rubbia, C., Antonello, M., Aprili, P., Baibussinov, B., Ceolin, M., Barzè, L., Benetti, P., Calligarich, E., Canci, N., Carbonara, F. & Cavanna, F. (2011). Underground operation of the ICARUS T600 LAr-TPC: first results, Journal of Instrumentation, 6 (07) DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/6/07/P07011

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9:02 AM | Infection during pregnancy and offspring autism risk
The paper by Lee and colleagues [1] forms the starting material for today's blog post looking at hospitalisation for infection during pregnancy as potentially being a risk factor for receipt of a subsequent diagnosis for autism in offspring."Chaos is what killed the dinosaurs, darling"Based on data derived from one of those very useful Scandinavian health registries, authors observed "approximately a 30% increase in ASD [autism spectrum disorder] risk associated with any inpatient […]

Lee BK, Magnusson C, Gardner RM, Blomström S, Newschaffer CJ, Burstyn I, Karlsson H & Dalman C (2014). Maternal hospitalization with infection during pregnancy and risk of autism spectrum disorders., Brain, behavior, and immunity, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25218900

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8:17 AM | Are sweet-toothed people also sweet by nature?
Three years ago psychologists reported that we assume people who like sweet food are also sweet natured. More surprisingly perhaps, Brian Meier and his colleagues also found that the sweet-toothed really do have more agreeable personalities and are more inclined to behave altruistically.How far can we trust these eye-catching results? There is a growing recognition in psychology of the need to attempt replications of past findings. In that spirit, a new paper led by Michael Ashton has attempted […]

Ashton, M., Pilkington, A. & Lee, K. (2014). Do prosocial people prefer sweet-tasting foods? An attempted replication of Meier, Moeller, Riemer-Peltz, and Robinson (2012), Journal of Research in Personality, 52 42-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2014.06.006

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October 06, 2014

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11:15 PM | Centrifuging people to see if gravity affects perception
Which way is up? It’s a question that’s needs to be answered for seeds to grow in the right direction, homing pigeons to navigate and for Stoke City defenders to know where to hoof the ball. Our bodies can sense the direction of gravity – and it helps us to figure out how our bodies…

Harris, L., Herpers, R., Hofhammer, T. & Jenkin, M. (2014). How Much Gravity Is Needed to Establish the Perceptual Upright?, PLoS ONE, 9 (9) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106207

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10:42 PM | Can our brains process words while we sleep?
Learning by listening to things while you sleep might be a desperate last resort for budding linguists and university students cramming for their finals, but how much can the human brain actually take on board while in a state of unconsciousness? It is fairly well-established that the brain processes information while we sleep (such as…

Kouider, S., Andrillon, T., Barbosa, L., Goupil, L. & Bekinschtein, T. (2014). Inducing Task-Relevant Responses to Speech in the Sleeping Brain, Current Biology, 24 (18) 2208-2214. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.08.016

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