Posts

August 20, 2014

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11:02 PM | Anthropogenic climate change and glacial loss explained in a single number: 25!
A new analysis combining climate modeling with glacier dynamics has given us the first estimation of the percent of glacier loss directly due to anthropogenic climate change.  This is strong evidence and important data to understand to educate the general … Continue reading →

Marzeion, B., Cogley, J., Richter, K. & Parkes, D. (2014). Attribution of global glacier mass loss to anthropogenic and natural causes, Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.1254702

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11:01 PM | Do You Believe in Dog? A New Ball Game
Hello Do You Believe in Dog(ers)!(source)After two years of mostly pen-pal style blogging, we're excited to share our new direction!When we first decided to create Do You Believe in Dog?, we committed to blogging back and forth about canine science for two years. We were able to celebrate achieving that goal at the recent 4th Canine Science Forum in Lincoln, UK and also reflect on the future of Do You Believe in Dog?The DYBID blog, Facebook and Twitter feeds have become vibrant places to […]

Dijk E.M.V. (2011). Portraying real science in science communication, Science Education, 95 (6) 1086-1100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sce.20458

Fischhoff B. & Scheufele D. (2013). The science of science communication, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (Supplement 3) 14033-14039. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1213273110

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5:22 PM | Agriculture, Inequality and Cremation in Iron Age Spain
One of the major debates in archaeology is when do we begin to see inequality among human groups, and what caused this this to happen. Social inequality has been defined […]

JORGE DE TORRES RODRÍGUEZ (2014). A PLACE FOR EVERYONE. THE STRUCTURE OF ARROYO CULEBRO D CEMETERY AND THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION IN THE MIDDLE TAGUS VALLEY IRON AGE (SPAIN), Oxford Journal of Archaeology,

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4:30 PM | The DNA Signature of Lupus
My Uncle suffered from Lupus. The disease itself should have a more sinister sounding name, given the effect it has on the body. Lupus is a form of autoimmune disease […]

Julia I Ellyard, Rebekka Jerjen, Jaime L Martin, Adrian Lee, Matthew A Field, Simon H Jiang, Jean Cappello, Svenja K Naumann, T Daniel Andrews, Hamish S Scott & Marco G Casarotto (2014). Whole exome sequencing in early-onset cerebral SLE identifies a pathogenic variant in TREX1, Arthritis & Rheumatology , Other:

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2:07 PM | How Humans Are Helping Ravens and Hurting Hawks
You’ve already picked a side in the bird wars, whether or not you know it. As humans carve up formerly empty expanses of the western United States with our roads, electrical towers, and power lines, we’re inadvertently giving a boost to ravens. Meanwhile, the birds of prey that once ruled the land are being left […]The post How Humans Are Helping Ravens and Hurting Hawks appeared first on Inkfish.

Coates, P., Howe, K., Casazza, M. & Delehanty, D. (2014). Landscape alterations influence differential habitat use of nesting buteos and ravens within sagebrush ecosystem: Implications for transmission line development, The Condor, 116 (3) 341-356. DOI: 10.1650/CONDOR-13-126.1

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1:38 PM | Video Tip of the Week: Immune Epitope DB (IEDB)
This week’s tip was inspired by the recent NHGRI workshop of the future directions for funding and resourcing of genomics-related projects. Titled “Future Opportunities for Genome Sequencing and Beyond: A Planning Workshop for the National Human Genome Research Institute” brought together a lot of influential folks on this topic, and had them noodle on the […]

Vita R., J. A. Greenbaum, H. Emami, I. Hoof, N. Salimi, R. Damle, A. Sette & B. Peters (2010). The Immune Epitope Database 2.0, Nucleic Acids Research, 38 (Database) D854-D862. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkp1004

Kim Y., Z. Zhu, D. Tamang, P. Wang, J. Greenbaum, C. Lundegaard, A. Sette, O. Lund, P. E. Bourne & M. Nielsen & (2012). Immune epitope database analysis resource, Nucleic Acids Research, 40 (W1) W525-W530. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gks438

Lundegaard C. & M. Nielsen (2008). Accurate approximation method for prediction of class I MHC affinities for peptides of length 8, 10 and 11 using prediction tools trained on 9mers, Bioinformatics, 24 (11) 1397-1398. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btn128

Bhattacharya S., Linda Gomes, Patrick Dunn, Henry Schaefer, Joan Pontius, Patty Berger, Vince Desborough, Tom Smith, John Campbell & Elizabeth Thomson & (2014). ImmPort: disseminating data to the public for the future of immunology, Immunologic Research, 58 (2-3) 234-239. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12026-014-8516-1

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12:00 PM | Because He Is The One
Biology Concepts – ommatidia, reflex, fly, arthropod, sensory receptors, sensilla, metabolic rate, life spanNeo (Keanu Reeves) learned that he could dodge bullets at one point in The Matrix. This was before he learned he didn’t have to. Was he speeding himself up so the bullets looked to be going slower, or was he actually slowing down time?Neo from the Matrixfilms had the ability, once he learned to accept it, to react so fast that everything around him seemed to be moving slowly. […]

Muijres FT, Elzinga MJ, Melis JM & Dickinson MH (2014). Flies evade looming targets by executing rapid visually directed banked turns., Science (New York, N.Y.), 344 (6180) 172-7. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24723606

Healy K, McNally L, Ruxton GD, Cooper N & Jackson AL (2013). Metabolic rate and body size are linked with perception of temporal information., Animal behaviour, 86 (4) 685-696. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24109147

Jumpertz R, Hanson RL, Sievers ML, Bennett PH, Nelson RG & Krakoff J (2011). Higher energy expenditure in humans predicts natural mortality., The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 96 (6) 6. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21450984

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8:40 AM | Inspired by a Soprano? Psychologists investigate whether fictional characters can aid our self development
"... forming a relationship with an interesting but potentially dangerous character does not present the same obstacles in the narrative world as it might in the physical world.”By guest blogger Robin Abrahams.If you’ve been on the internet at all this year, you may have noticed an explosion of fiction-based personality quizzes. What house would you belong to in Hogwarts—or in Westeros? Which “Mad Man” are you? What Shakespeare role were you born to play?Why […]

Shedlosky-Shoemaker, R., Costabile, K. & Arkin, R. (2014). Self-Expansion through Fictional Characters, Self and Identity, 13 (5) 556-578. DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2014.882269

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August 19, 2014

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6:17 PM | Hobby Lobby and the War on Race and Women
There is a war going on and it’s not on foreign soil. This war is the fight for the status quo, a war where you are only worth your skin color, a […]

Weisman CS & Chuang CH (2014). Making the Most of the Affordable Care Act's Contraceptive Coverage Mandate for Privately-Insured Women., Women's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25128037

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11:50 AM | Dagli equilibri di Nash ai comportamenti collettivi
Quando ho condiviso il tweet qui sotto, non mi ero reso ancora conto del nome che avevo appena letto, eppure avrebbe dovuto suonarmi un campanello nella testa. Continuano i riconoscimenti internazionali per la #matematica dell'Universita' della #Calabria pic.twitter.com/JHIWaVlVGu— Gianluigi Filippelli (@ulaulaman) August 18, 2014Poi dopo è successo che sono andato a ricontrollare (che poi i campanelli magari suonano e semplicemente la suoneria è così bassa che non la […]

Nash, J. (1950). Equilibrium points in n-person games, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 36 (1) 48-49. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.36.1.48

Nash J. (1951). Non-Cooperative Games, The Annals of Mathematics, 54 (2) 286-295. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1969529

Gottlob G., Greco G. & Scarcello F. (2003). Pure Nash equilibria, Proceedings of the 9th conference on Theoretical aspects of rationality and knowledge - TARK '03, 215-230. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/846241.846269

Greco, G. & Scarcello, F. (2009). On the complexity of constrained Nash equilibria in graphical games, Theoretical Computer Science, 410 (38-40) 3901-3924. DOI: 10.1016/j.tcs.2009.05.030

Goldstone, R. & Janssen, M. (2005). Computational models of collective behavior, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9 (9) 424-430. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2005.07.009

Beni G. (1993). Swarm Intelligence in Cellular Robotic Systems, Robots and Biological Systems: Towards a New Bionics?, NATO ASI Series Volume 102 703-712. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-58069-7_38

Bonabeau E., Dorigo M. & Theraulaz G. (2000). Inspiration for optimization from social insect behaviour, Nature, 406 (6791) 39-42. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35017500

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8:36 AM | How to help an anxious interviewee - be mean to them?
They've barely taken their seat, but it's obvious that your interviewee is nervous. You give her a reassuring smile and nod affirmatively at each of her answers, hoping to put her at ease. Unfortunately, it turns out that positive feedback does a socially anxious interviewee no favours. In fact, it would be better to turn that smile upside-down.We know this from a new study from North Illinois University where a "careers counsellor" (actually a research assistant) conducted practice interviews […]

Budnick CJ, Kowal M & Santuzzi AM (2014). Social anxiety and the ironic effects of positive interviewer feedback., Anxiety, stress, and coping, 1-17. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24773204

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8:23 AM | Family processes and trajectory in autism
The paper by Woodman and colleagues [1] looking at trajectory and autism in adolescents and adults is the source material for today's post (another micropost). Concluding that: "Overall, autism symptoms and maladaptive behaviors were observed to improve over the study period" of about 8 years, the authors also reported that "greater improvements were associated with higher levels of maternal praise (based on maternal speech samples) and higher quality mother-child relationships". If I remember […]

Woodman AC, Smith LE, Greenberg JS & Mailick MR (2014). Change in Autism Symptoms and Maladaptive Behaviors in Adolescence and Adulthood: The Role of Positive Family Processes., Journal of autism and developmental disorders, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25070471

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August 18, 2014

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9:14 PM | The 10,000-Hour rule is nonsense
Have you heard of Malcom Gladwell’s 10,000-hour rule? The key to success in any field is practice, and not just a little. A new publication in the journal Psychological Science had a good look at all the evidence and concludes that this rule is nonsense. No Einstein in you, I am afraid. The authors of […]

Macnamara, B.N., Hambrick, D.Z. & Oswald, F.L. (2014). Deliberate Practice and Performance in Music, Games, Sports, Education, and Professions: A Meta-Analysis, Psychological Science, DOI: 10.1037/e633262013-474

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5:21 PM | We can Build it Better: The First Artificial Cell Network
  How does the old saying go? Imitation, is the sincerest form of flattery? Well that is what we’ve been trying to do for a very long time, but mimicking the […]

Karzbrun E, Tayar AM, Noireaux V & Bar-Ziv RH (2014). Programmable on-chip DNA compartments as artificial cells., Science (New York, N.Y.), 345 (6198) 829-32. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25124443

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8:21 AM | The simple piece of information that could dramatically increase your muscular endurance
How most of us choose to behave is shaped powerfully by the behaviour of others (or, more specifically, our perception of their behaviour). Psychologists call this the influence of "social norms", and its potency has been investigated extensively in the context of environmentally friendly behaviours like recycling, and health behaviours, such as binge drinking and frequency of exercise.What if this same psychological lever could be exploited, not to encourage people to take up more physical […]

Priebe, C. & Spink, K. (2014). Blood, sweat, and the influence of others: The effect of descriptive norms on muscular endurance and task self-efficacy, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15 (5) 491-497. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.04.012

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8:10 AM | ADHD in the prison population: a micropost
"Compared with published general population prevalence, there is a fivefold increase in prevalence of ADHD in youth prison populations (30.1%) and a 10-fold increase in adult prison populations (26.2%)"."Mianly dry" apparently @ Paul WhiteleyThat was the primary conclusion reached in the meta-analysis by Young and colleagues [1] looking at the collected peer-reviewed literature on "the variable prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in incarcerated populations".There […]

Young S, Moss D, Sedgwick O, Fridman M & Hodgkins P (2014). A meta-analysis of the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in incarcerated populations., Psychological medicine, 1-12. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25066071

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1:00 AM | Can psychopathy be treated?
Some psychological conditions receive a disproportionate amount of attention in popular media relative to how frequently they actually occur in the population. One of those is psychopathy, a personality disorder that is characterized by antisocial behavior, impulsivity, and a lack of empathy. Psychopaths may be charming on the surface but tend towards pathological deception and indifferent manipulation of other people. And they are more likely to have behavioral problems or be involved in […]

Polaschek, D. (2014). Adult Criminals With Psychopathy: Common Beliefs About Treatability and Change Have Little Empirical Support, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23 (4) 296-301. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414535211

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August 17, 2014

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10:16 PM | Where did Ebola come from? Rooting the un-rootable
As with other emerging viruses, the manner in which Ebolavirus outbreaks appear seemingly from nowhere merely adds to their terror. What is especially intriguing about the current outbreak in West Africa is that it's the wrong virus in the wrong place: as a strain of Zaire Ebolavirus, we would expect to see this virus in central Africa. The modern way to answer the 'where did it come from' question is to compare the genomic sequences of different viruses, and this was one of the first things […]

Dudas G & Rambaut A (2014). Phylogenetic Analysis of Guinea 2014 EBOV Ebolavirus Outbreak., PLoS currents, 6 PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24860690

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7:41 PM | Wind Turbines Pose Risk to Bats
The Drive for Green Energy We need sustainable, affordable and clean energy production to fuel the economy, and the drive towards more environmentally friendly energy production versus coal and peat burning energy production has seen a large number of wind … Continue reading →

Lehnert LS, Kramer-Schadt S, Schönborn S, Lindecke O, Niermann I & Voigt CC (2014). Wind farm facilities in Germany kill noctule bats from near and far., PloS one, 9 (8) PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25118805

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7:41 PM | Wind Turbines Pose Risk to Bats
The Drive for Green Energy We need sustainable, affordable and clean energy production to fuel the economy, and the drive towards more environmentally friendly energy production versus coal and peat burning energy production has seen a large number of wind … Continue reading →

Lehnert LS, Kramer-Schadt S, Schönborn S, Lindecke O, Niermann I & Voigt CC (2014). Wind farm facilities in Germany kill noctule bats from near and far., PloS one, 9 (8) PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25118805

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6:37 PM | DNA nets could be ‘ancient defence weapon’
DNA is essential to complex life – it is a complex set of instructions on how to build every protein in your body, from the signaling hormones in your head to the (unwanted) hairs on your feet. But the code of life for us could well be the code of death for pathogens invading our…

Robb C.T., Dyrynda E.A., Gray R.D., Rossi A.G. & Smith V.J. (2014). Invertebrate extracellular phagocyte traps show that chromatin is an ancient defence weapon., Nature communications, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25115909

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6:36 PM | Schizophrenia and the Twilight Zone
You are now entering the Twilight Zone. You may remember the television show, with it’s odd twists and turns, but for people with schizophrenia it means something just a little […]

Morris RW, Quail S, Griffiths KR, Green MJ & Balleine BW (2014). Corticostriatal Control of Goal-Directed Action Is Impaired in Schizophrenia., Biological psychiatry, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25062683

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3:26 PM | A mosaic vaccine that could potentially protect from different ebola strains
Disclaimer: The mosaic vaccine paper discussed in this article is from my own group and overlaps with some of the research I do. I'm sure you've been following the latest news about the Ebola virus outbreak in Africa."The Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the world's deadliest to date and the World Health Organization has declared an international health emergency as more than 1,000 people have died of the virus in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria this year." [Source: BBC News]The […]

Friedrich BM, Trefry JC, Biggins JE, Hensley LE, Honko AN, Smith DR & Olinger GG (2012). Potential vaccines and post-exposure treatments for filovirus infections., Viruses, 4 (9) 1619-50. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23170176

Fischer W, Perkins S, Theiler J, Bhattacharya T, Yusim K, Funkhouser R, Kuiken C, Haynes B, Letvin NL, Walker BD & Hahn BH (2007). Polyvalent vaccines for optimal coverage of potential T-cell epitopes in global HIV-1 variants., Nature medicine, 13 (1) 100-6. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17187074

Fenimore PW, Muhammad MA, Fischer WM, Foley BT, Bakken RR, Thurmond JR, Yusim K, Yoon H, Parker M, Hart MK & Dye JM (2012). Designing and testing broadly-protective filoviral vaccines optimized for cytotoxic T-lymphocyte epitope coverage., PloS one, 7 (10) PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23056184

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August 16, 2014

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5:00 PM | Is your Stomach… Controlling your Mind?
Close the blinds, lock the doors, and find a safe place to hide. Are you alone? No, no you aren’t and you may not even be in control of your […]

Alcock J, Maley CC & Aktipis CA (2014). Is eating behavior manipulated by the gastrointestinal microbiota? Evolutionary pressures and potential mechanisms., BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular, cellular and developmental biology, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25103109

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10:27 AM | True facts about anglerfish | @GrrlScientist
To the female anglerfish, the human male is a very loud, annoying and unnecessarily complicated pair of gonads.Caturday has arrived once again, so it is time to watch some animals doing stuff! Today's caturday animal is the anglerfish, an ancient taxonomic order of bony fishes that arose sometime between 100 and 130 million years ago. (In contrast, humans are mere evolutionary babies, having appeared sometime between just 2 and 6 million years ago.)Anglerfishes got their name from their method […]

Miya M., James W Orr, Rachel J Arnold, Takashi P Satoh, Andrew M Shedlock, Hsuan-Ching Ho, Mitsuomi Shimazaki, Mamoru Yabe & Mutsumi Nishida (2010). Evolutionary history of anglerfishes (Teleostei: Lophiiformes): a mitogenomic perspective, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 10 (1) 58. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-10-58

Widder E.A. (2010). Bioluminescence in the Ocean: Origins of Biological, Chemical, and Ecological Diversity, Science, 328 (5979) 704-708. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1174269

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10:08 AM | The Mata mata turtle
Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ChordataClass: ReptiliaOrder: TestudinesFamily: ChelidaeGenus: ChelusSpecies: Chelus fimbriataConservation Status: Least ConcernCommon Name(s): Mata mata, Mata mata turtle, Matamata and other similar variationsMata mata, a strange name for what is sure one of the world's strangest turtles! This large, South American river turtle is the only surviving species of the genus Chelus and is easily one of the most unusual creatures you are likely to encounter in the […]

Lombardini ED, Desoutter AV, Montali RJ & Del Piero F (2013). Esophageal adenocarcinoma in a 53-year-old mata mata turtle (Chelus fimbriatus)., Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, 44 (3) 773-6. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24063112

Wang L, Zhou X, Nie L, Xia X, Liu L, Jiang Y, Huang Z & Jing W (2012). The complete mitochondrial genome sequences of Chelodina rugosa and Chelus fimbriata (Pleurodira: Chelidae): implications of a common absence of initiation sites (O(L)) in pleurodiran turtles., Molecular biology reports, 39 (3) 2097-107. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21655955

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7:21 AM | The epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders
A very short post for readers to ponder based on the paper by Amanda Baxter and colleagues [1] who talked about the global epidemiology of the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs)."In 2010 there were an estimated 52 million cases of ASDs, equating to a prevalence of 7.6 per 1000 or one in 132 persons".Aside from emphasising the word 'estimated' (I highlighted that), be prepared to see the Baxter paper and that quote cited quite a bit in the peer-reviewed literature in times to […]

A. J. Baxter, T. S. Brugha, H. E. Erskine, R. W. Scheurer, T. Vos & J. G. Scott (2014). The epidemiology and global burden of autism spectrum disorders, Psychological Medicine, Other:

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August 15, 2014

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8:46 PM | Global similarity signals of recognition strength
The below article was recently rejected from the Journal of Neuroscience as a ‘Journal Club’ commentary on Davis et al., 2014, ‘Global neural pattern similarity as a common basis for categorization and recognition memory’. Hoping that my efforts will not go to waste, I’d like to give the piece an alternate home here. Please read, […]

Davis T, Xue G, Love BC, Preston AR & Poldrack RA (2014). Global neural pattern similarity as a common basis for categorization and recognition memory., The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34 (22) 7472-84. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24872552

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7:20 PM | In Defense of Eating Junk Food in Eating Disorder Treatment
Should eating disorder patients be introduced to “junk food” or “hyper-palatable” foods during treatment? A few days ago, I stumbled across a blog post where Dr. Julie O’Toole, Founder and Director of the Kartini Clinic for Disordered Eating, argues against introducing “junk food” during ED treatment. The crux of the argument is that “hyperpalatable foods”—e.g., chips and Cheetos—are not real food and should never be forced or […]

Spring, V.L. & Bulik, C.M. (2014). Implicit and explicit affect toward food and weight stimuli in anorexia nervosa., Eating Behaviors, 15 (1) 91-4. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24411758

Steinglass, J.E., Sysko, R., Glasofer, D., Albano, A.M., Simpson, H.B. & Walsh, B.T. (2011). Rationale for the application of exposure and response prevention to the treatment of anorexia nervosa., The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 44 (2) 134-41. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20127936

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5:29 PM | Swamp Thing and Plant Communication
Maybe I’m dating myself here, but ever see the swamp thing movie, television show, or even the comic? Call me picky, after all we are talking about a human/plant hybrid, […]

G. Kim,, M. L. LeBlanc,, E. K. Wafula,, C. W. dePamphilis, & J. H. Westwood. (2014). Genomic-scale exchange of mRNA between a parasitic plant and its hosts, Science, Other:

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