Posts

September 27, 2014

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11:54 PM | How to Look for Pine Marten
The pine marten (Martes martes) is one of Ireland’s most beautiful but elusive mammals. It is notoriously difficult to see as it tends to be mostly nocturnal, and is a naturally shy animal. It is about the size of a … Continue reading →

O’Mahony, D., O’Reilly, C. & Turner, P. (2012). Pine marten (Martes martes) distribution and abundance in Ireland: A cross-jurisdictional analysis using non-invasive genetic survey techniques, Mammalian Biology - Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 77 (5) 351-357. DOI: 10.1016/j.mambio.2012.04.001

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11:54 PM | How to Look for Pine Marten
The pine marten (Martes martes) is one of Ireland’s most beautiful but elusive mammals. It is notoriously difficult to see as it tends to be mostly nocturnal, and is a naturally shy animal. It is about the size of a … Continue reading →

O’Mahony, D., O’Reilly, C. & Turner, P. (2012). Pine marten (Martes martes) distribution and abundance in Ireland: A cross-jurisdictional analysis using non-invasive genetic survey techniques, Mammalian Biology - Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 77 (5) 351-357. DOI: 10.1016/j.mambio.2012.04.001

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6:18 PM | Sometimes choices are not thought out
In some competitive situations animals can produce random behavior rather than behavior based on prior experience. The anterior cingulate cortex is where strategies based on models of reality and history are generated; switching to random behavior is done by inputs to this part of the brain from the locus coeruleus. This was reported in a […]

Tervo, D., Proskurin, M., Manakov, M., Kabra, M., Vollmer, A., Branson, K. & Karpova, A. (2014). Behavioral Variability through Stochastic Choice and Its Gating by Anterior Cingulate Cortex, Cell, 159 (1) 21-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.08.037

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5:29 PM | Are Black Holes just in Our Imagination?!
Black holes, physicists have been fighting over them forever, heck there is even a book entitled the black hole war! (which I do recommend for anyone interested) It’s no real […]

Laura Mersini-Houghton (2014). Backreaction of Hawking Radiation on a Gravitationally Collapsing Star I: Black Holes?, Physics Letters B, arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1406.1525v1

Laura Mersini-Houghton, Harald P. Pfeiffer (2014). Back-reaction of the Hawking radiation flux on a gravitationally collapsing star II: Fireworks instead of firewalls , Physics Letters B, Other:

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12:37 PM | The Memory Fades, The Emotion Remains
People with Alzheimer’s disease can experience severe memory impairments.However, according to a new study, the emotions associated with events can persist long after the events themselves have been forgotten: Feelings Without Memory in Alzheimer Disease In their paper, the researchers, University of Iowa neurologists Edmarie Guzman-Velez and colleagues, showed volunteers a series of emotional video […]The post The Memory Fades, The Emotion Remains appeared first on Neuroskeptic.

Guzmán-Vélez E, Feinstein JS & Tranel D (2014). Feelings without memory in Alzheimer disease., Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology, 27 (3) 117-29. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25237742

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7:50 AM | Yes, people with autism do have headaches
I don't mean to be haughty but a sentence included in the paper by Victorio [1] led to the title of today's very quick post. Based on a chart review of patients diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) attending a neurology clinic, the author concluded that "ASD patients, despite being known to have indifference to pain, can experience headaches".Pain is something which has cropped up quite a bit in the autism research arena and has appeared more than once on this blog (see here and see […]

Victorio, M. (2014). EHMTI-0290. Headaches in patients with autism spectrum disorder, The Journal of Headache and Pain, 15 (Suppl 1) DOI: 10.1186/1129-2377-15-S1-B37

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September 26, 2014

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6:15 PM | “GMO” Foods (Once Again) Proven Safe
GMO, I shudder every time I hear someone talk about the “dangers”. It’s one of the new buzzwords that doesn’t actually mean anything, but still manages to scare people. Well […]

Van Eenennaam AL & Young AE (2014). Prevalence and impacts of genetically engineered feedstuffs on livestock populations., Journal of animal science, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25184846

Hirschberg, J. (2001). Carotenoid biosynthesis in flowering plants, Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 4 (3) 210-218. DOI: 10.1016/S1369-5266(00)00163-1

Paine JA, Shipton CA, Chaggar S, Howells RM, Kennedy MJ, Vernon G, Wright SY, Hinchliffe E, Adams JL, Silverstone AL & Drake R (2005). Improving the nutritional value of Golden Rice through increased pro-vitamin A content., Nature biotechnology, 23 (4) 482-7. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15793573

Ahloowalia, B., Maluszynski, M. & Nichterlein, K. (2004). Global impact of mutation-derived varieties, Euphytica, 135 (2) 187-204. DOI: 10.1023/B:EUPH.0000014914.85465.4f

Brian P. Forster et al. (2001). Mutation genetics of salt tolerance in barley: An assessment of Golden Promise and other semi-dwarf mutants, Euphytica, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-015-9996-2_1

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2:30 PM | Walking Really Is Just Falling and Catching Yourself
The flailing of a gymnast who’s missed a step on the balance beam might not be far off from what the rest of us experience every day. Each step we take is really a tiny fall, a mathematical model suggests. The random-looking variation in our footfalls is actually a series of corrections. Our strides are […]The post Walking Really Is Just Falling and Catching Yourself appeared first on Inkfish.

Wang, Y. & Srinivasan, M. (2014). Stepping in the direction of the fall: the next foot placement can be predicted from current upper body state in steady-state walking, Biology Letters, 10 (9) 20140405-20140405. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0405

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12:00 PM | Breaking Research: Fruit flies provide insights into metabolism and how we age
Why do we age? It’s more than just a philosophical question; it’s a puzzle that has frustrated scientists for decades. Currently, the most accepted hypothesis is that aging is the result of accumulated damage to our cells during our lifetime. “Accumulated damage” encompasses a variety of things that can go wrong, including DNA mutations, problems […]

Avanesov A.S., Kerry A Pierce, Sun Hee Yim, Byung Cheon Lee, Clary B Clish & Vadim N Gladyshev (2014). Age- and diet-associated metabolome remodeling characterizes the aging process driven by damage accumulation, eLife, 3 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/elife.02077

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11:51 AM | Anthropomorphic Neuroscience Driven by Researchers with Large TPJs
For immediate release — SEPTEMBER 26, 2014Research from the UCL lab of Professor Geraint Rees has proven that the recent craze for suggesting that rats have “regrets” or show “disappointment” is solely due to the size of the left temporal-parietal junction (TPJ) in the human authors of those papers (Cullen et al., 2014). This startling breakthrough was part of a larger effort to associate every known personality trait, political attitude, and individual difference […]

Cullen, H., Kanai, R., Bahrami, B. & Rees, G. (2013). Individual differences in anthropomorphic attributions and human brain structure, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9 (9) 1276-1280. DOI: 10.1093/scan/nst109

Shabel, S., Proulx, C., Piriz, J. & Malinow, R. (2014). GABA/glutamate co-release controls habenula output and is modified by antidepressant treatment, Science, 345 (6203) 1494-1498. DOI: 10.1126/science.1250469

Steiner, A. & Redish, A. (2014). Behavioral and neurophysiological correlates of regret in rat decision-making on a neuroeconomic task, Nature Neuroscience, 17 (7) 995-1002. DOI: 10.1038/nn.3740

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9:30 AM | Cat and Dogs: seeking solutions with sniffing canines and science
Hi Mia and Julie,  First of all, I LOVE your blog! After meeting at SPARCS this past summer (summer for us in North America.. I take it summer is just beginning in Australia!), I’ve followed it closely.  You do amazing things for the promotion of  canine science. Serious love. A bit of background for the readers: I’m currently doing my PhD at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia in Canada, under the supervision of Dr. Simon […]

Brown S.W. & Strong V. (2001). The use of seizure-alert dogs, Seizure, 10 (1) 39-41. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/seiz.2000.0481

Gonder-Frederick L., D. Warren, K. Vajda & J. Shepard (2013). Diabetic Alert Dogs: A Preliminary Survey of Current Users, Diabetes Care, 36 (4) e47-e47. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc12-1998

Rooney N.J. & Claire Guest (2013). Investigation into the Value of Trained Glycaemia Alert Dogs to Clients with Type I Diabetes, PLoS ONE, 8 (8) e69921. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069921

Matyka K.A. (2002). Sweet dreams? - nocturnal hypoglycemia in children with type 1 diabetes, Pediatric Diabetes, 3 (2) 74-81. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-5448.2002.30203.x

Wells D.L., Lawson S.W. & Siriwardena A.N. Canine responses to hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes., Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.), PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19040375

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