Posts

August 31, 2014

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6:00 PM | Ethno-Psychiatry: How The British Treated "Hardcore" Women In The Mau Mau Rebellion
New research on the treatment of 'hardcore' female Mau Mau prisoners by the British in the late 1950s sheds new light on how ideas about gender, deviancy and mental health shaped colonial practices of punishment.The treatment of the Mau Mau by the British has led to compensation claims in the courts. Last year the British government agreed to pay out £19.9m in costs and compensation to more than 5,000 elderly Kenyans who suffered torture and abuse during the Mau Mau uprising in the 50s. […]
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6:00 PM | Cut Greenhouse Gases Using Microbes
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gas that is also responsible for destroying the ozone layer.  INRA researchers in Dijon have shown that the ability of soils to eliminate N2O can mainly be explained by the diversity and abundance of a new group of micro-organisms that are capable of transforming it into atmospheric nitrogen (N2). The results underline the importance of microbial diversity to the functioning of soils and the services they deliver. read more
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5:45 PM | How The Higgs Became The Target Of Run 2 At The Tevatron
Until the second half of the nineties, when the LEP collider started to be upgraded to investigate higher centre-of-mass energies of electron-positron collisions than those until then produced at the Z mass, the Higgs boson was not the main focus of experiments exploring the high-energy frontier. The reason is that the expected cross section of that particle was prohibitively small for the comparatively low luminosities provided by the facilities available at the time. Of course, one could […]
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5:44 PM | Las dunas y yo
Hace unos días leí: La influencia de la arena. Comentario de Ramiro Sanchíz en Kundra #13 sobre Jodorowsky´s Dune. Además de los comentarios y elucubraciones sobre las películas involucradas, Ramiro hace un raconto personal sobre su relación con estas obras. Yo había hecho algo similar con Blade Runner (se puede leer aquí) y El Eternauta (no publicado) y estaba con ganas de escribir algo sobre el documental Jodorowsky´s Dune. […]
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5:09 PM | Dehumanization Of Women? Jack The Ripper's Forgotten Victims
Jack The Ripper is famous - everyone in the Western world has heard of the unsolved case of the Whitechapel serial killer who preyed on prostitutes for a few months in 1888.There were only five (or six) of those murders almost 130 years ago yet today there are 17 different grisly tours in London's East End about them. read more
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5:00 PM | MOOCs: Learning About Online Learning, One Click At A Time
While MOOCs are free, their value lies in providing information about how students. Credit: learnFlickr/Ilonka Talina, CC BY-SABy Gregor Kennedy, University of Melbourne read more
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4:12 PM | If atoms are real, we're free
The Platopus makes a good point about compatibilism (the view that some worthwhile kind of free will is compatible with the standard deterministic account of the world given by physics). Subject:  Brain & Behavior
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3:59 PM | The Symbiartic September SciArt Blitz
It’s time once again. Symbiartic is 3 years old now, and every month we bring you about 10 posts from the intersection of science + art. There’s so much, we could easily blog about the... -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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3:55 PM | I'm Marvelous Now - Why I Stopped Being Awesome
George Clooney used to copy my haircuts.People who knew me in the 1990s always marveled at my classic, parted-on-the-side, immaculately coiffed style. It was retro, just like the term "marvelous' is today. Prior to that, I had a classic Caesar no-part look. He showed up in the television show "E.R." sporting that and I dismissed it as coincidence but when he then jumped onto my "Mad Men without the goop" look, I became suspicious and switched again, to a slicked-back "1980s martial arts […]
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3:30 PM | Zoning Plan For Earth: Optimizing Where Roads Should And Should Not Go
More than 15 million miles of new roads will be built worldwide by 2050, pushing back the frontiers of progress. Of course, progress may mean a loss of wilderness if it is not managed carefully, and authors have created a ‘global roadmap’ for prioritizing road building across the planet, to try to balance the competing demands of development and environmental protection.read more
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3:22 PM | Energy drinks cause heart problems
Energy drinks can cause heart problems according to research presented at ESC Congress 2014 today by Professor Milou-Daniel Drici from France. Professor Drici said: "So-called 'energy drinks' are popular in dance clubs and during physical exercise, with people sometimes consuming a number of drinks one after the other. This situation can lead to a number of adverse conditions including angina, cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) and even sudden death." Subject:  […]
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3:20 PM | Read the Chapter of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory That Never Got Published
50 years after Roald Dahl published arguably his most famous book, the Guardian has released a lost chapter of the book that Dahl decided not to include in the final story. The chapter, which comes from a 1961 draft of the book, takes place in the VANILLA FUDGE ROOM of Willy Wonka’s magical chocolate factory. The main feature of the room: a, “colossal jagged mountain,” made up entirely of, “pale-brown, creamy, vanilla fudge.” The chapter […]
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3:15 PM | NASA announces design for new deep space exploration system
NASA is ready to move forward with the development of the Space Launch System—an advanced heavy-lift launch vehicle that will provide an entirely new national capability for human exploration beyond Earth's orbit. The Space Launch System will give the nation a safe, affordable and sustainable means of reaching beyond our current limits and opening up new discoveries from the unique vantage point of space. Subject:  Technology
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3:04 PM | Vaccine reported to completely block HIV infection in monkeys
A novel and relatively simple vaccine that can be administered orally has managed to completely block rectal infection with SIV, the monkey equivalent of HIV, in rhesus macaques and produced rapid re-suppression of viral load in monkeys who were previously infected with SIV. Subject:  Health & Medicine
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3:02 PM | Yawning wolves, face-mites and space-based lasers to fight global warming
Who’d Have Thunk It? 31.08.14 Do you ever get annoyed at having to wait for ages at border immigration? Well it could be that the time-consuming checks are not totally effective at matching photos to faces: A study on passport officers in Australia found that there was a ‘14% acceptance rate of ‘fraudulent photos’. Perhaps…
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3:00 PM | Learning To Read By Tricking The Brain
Even for experienced readers, mirror-image letters like b/d or p/q can be confusing. Why is it difficult for some to differentiate these letters? read more
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2:43 PM | New Life
Abiogenesis and Spontaneous Generation are two completely different things, even though they are the same thing. The discovery of the microscopic world was to biology what Guttenberg’s printing press was to literature and widespread literacy. But before the microscopic world was even conceived of, it had to be seen. This brings in the curious personality of […]
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2:15 PM | You Are Ready To Eat Insects If You Have These Characteristics
Are you in the target market to eat insects? The easiest uptake will be by a young male who claims to care more about the environment, believes they are progressive and adventurous about food, and already doesn't care about meat. Matching those criteria, the likelihood that this type of person is willing to eat insects as a meat substitute is estimated more than 75%, according to a new paper published in Food Quality and Preference.read more
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2:00 PM | Breaking Beautiful - The Useful Mechanism In Patterns Of Cracks
High resolution photograph of cracks in thin layer of glass atop a silicon wafer. The colors come from optical interference between the thin wafer and the glass above. Image credit: Joël Marthelot (ESPCI). Rights information: Used with permissionBy:  Gabriel Popkin, Inside Science read more
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1:30 PM | What Could Possibly Go Wrong? Border Cosplay Edition
Via TPM: A border patrol agent fired several shots at an armed militia member while chasing a group of immigrants Friday near Brownsville, Texas… …the man was wearing camouflage and was carrying either a rifle or shotgun.   The self appointed guardian of the galaxy was lucky — the border patrol officer (like most people) […]
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12:30 PM | Your Microbiome Is Shared With Your Family...Including Your Pets
Humans transport microbes around their environment. Image: Argonne National LaboratoryBy Emma Saville, The Conversation and Penny Orbell, The ConversationMicrobial communities vary greatly between different households but are similar among members of the same household – including pets – according to research published in Science today. read more
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11:25 AM | Astrophysicists report radioactive cobalt in supernova explosion
Astrophysicists have detected the formation of radioactive cobalt during a supernova explosion, lending credence to a corresponding theory of supernova explosions. The article’s main author, Yevgeny Churazov (Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences), together with his co-authors, including Sergei Sazonov of the Space Research Institute and MIPT, reported the results of their …
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11:22 AM | Astronomy: Radio telescopes settle controversy over distance to Pleiades
A worldwide network of radio telescopes measured the distance to the famous star cluster the Pleiades to an accuracy within 1 percent. The result resolved a controversy raised by a satellite’s measurement that now is shown to be wrong. The incorrect measurement had challenged standard models of star formation and evolution. The astronomers studied the …
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11:20 AM | Genomic sequencing reveals mutations, insights into 2014 Ebola outbreak
In response to an ongoing, unprecedented outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa, a team of researchers has rapidly sequenced and analyzed more than 99 Ebola virus genomes. Their findings could have important implications for rapid field diagnostic tests. For the current study, researchers sequenced 99 Ebola virus genomes collected from 78 patients diagnosed …
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11:17 AM | New DNA study unravels the settlement history of the New World Arctic
A new DNA study unravels the settlement history of the New World Arctic. We know people have lived in the New World Arctic for about 5,000 years. Archaeological evidence clearly shows that a variety of cultures survived the harsh climate in Alaska, Canada and Greenland for thousands of years. Despite this, there are several unanswered …
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11:08 AM | Detecting neutrinos, physicists look into the heart of the sun
Using one of the most sensitive neutrino detectors on the planet, physicists have directly detected neutrinos created by the ‘keystone’ proton-proton fusion process going on at the sun’s core for the first time. The pp reaction is the first step of a reaction sequence responsible for about 99 percent of the Sun’s power, Pocar explains. …
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11:06 AM | Early growth of giant galaxy, just 3 billion years after the Big Bang, revealed
The birth of massive galaxies, according to galaxy formation theories, begins with the buildup of a dense, compact core that is ablaze with the glow of millions of newly formed stars. Evidence of this early construction phase, however, has eluded astronomers — until now. Astronomers identified a dense galactic core, dubbed “Sparky,” using a combination …
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11:04 AM | Marijuana compound may offer treatment for Alzheimer’s disease, study suggests
Extremely low levels of the compound in marijuana known as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, may slow or halt the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, a recent study from neuroscientists suggests. Researchers from the USF Health Byrd Alzheimer’s Institute showed that extremely low doses of THC reduce the production of amyloid beta, found in a soluble form in …
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11:01 AM | Shared biology: Powerful commonalities in biological activity
Researchers analyzing human, fly, and worm genomes have found that these species have a number of key genomic processes in common, reflecting their shared ancestry. The findings offer insights into embryonic development, gene regulation and other biological processes vital to understanding human biology and disease. Launched in 2007, the goal of modENCODE is to create …
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10:58 AM | Evolution used similar molecular toolkits to shape flies, worms, and humans
Although separated by hundreds of millions of years of evolution, flies, worms, and humans share ancient patterns of gene expression, according to a massive analysis of genomic data. Two related studies tell a similar story: even though humans, worms, and flies bear little obvious similarity to each other, evolution used remarkably similar molecular toolkits to …
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