April 01, 2014

5:37 AM | The Science of Translation
Language is a fascinating and complex part of human society. Not even the most esteemed linguists can put a number on how many languages there are in the world – not to mention the various dialects within those languages (Linguistic [...]testThe post The Science of Translation appeared first on Australian Science.
12:15 AM | Shedding new light on the origins of life
Researchers looking at the origins of life on Earth have come up with a new explanation for how the earliest molecular material was able to replicate in the primordial soup. They have found that hydrogen peroxide, an ingredient commonly associated [...]testThe post Shedding new light on the origins of life appeared first on Australian Science.

March 31, 2014

10:20 PM | Government video give lets you choose your own clinical research (mis)adventure
It seems hardly a day goes by without a new report of research misconduct. To help prevent such behavior from occurring, the US Department of Health and Human Services has released an  interactive training video called ‘The Research Clinic’ that gives viewers the opportunity to assume the role of one of four decision-makers who are frequently involved in clinical research: a principal investigator, a clinical research coordinator, a research assistant and the chair of an […]
9:01 PM | Discrepancies in serious adverse event reporting may distort the medical evidence base
The worst thing that can happen to a person participating in a clinical trial is what’s known as a ‘serious adverse event’, which can describe anything from permanent kidney damage or liver failure to hospitalization or even death. Federal law in the US mandates that researchers conducting trials of drugs or other products regulated by the country’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) report adverse events on ClinicalTrials.gov, a data repository open to the public. But a […]
8:42 PM | New cholesterol drugs make strides in clinical trials
The excitement around PCSK9 – a promising new protein target for cholesterol-lowering therapies – appears to be justified. This week, at the American College of Cardiology’s annual meeting in Washington DC, several pharmaceutical companies presented data from advanced clinical trials showing that monoclonal antibodies that target and degrade PCSK9 are effective at treating patients with high cholesterol, especially when combined with statins such as Lipitor.  Read more
5:01 PM | UN climate change report marks risks of a warm future
From shrinking glaciers to sea water becoming more acidic, climate change has already a notable imprint on Earth’s natural systems, according to a United Nations climate-science report released today. Projected 21st century warming poses risks – severe if the rise in atmospheric concentration of heat-trapping gases continues unabated – to future food security, human well-being and wealth, says the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).  Read more
3:30 PM | Regenerative medicine, regenerative publishing
Developmental Biology has retracted a 2009 paper by an group of regenerative medicine specialists who, it seems, were regenerating more than just cells. The article, titled “The human placenta is a hematopoietic organ during the embryonic and fetal periods of development,” was led by Susan Fisher, of the Institute for Regenerative Medicine at the University […]
3:11 PM | The Sources of Beach Waste
Plastics News reported late last week on new research regarding beach trash. It turns out that at least for the locale studied, the biggest source of the trash was from beach users themselves."Litter dropped or left by members of the public accounted for 39.4 percent of litter recorded over the weekend of Sept. 20-23 the MCS {Marine Conservation Society] said. This was followed by ‘non-sourced’ (38.1 percent), described by the MCS as “all the bits and bobs that we can’t […]
1:30 PM | Science is no excuse for Japan’s Antarctic whaling, court rules
Japan’s hugely controversial ‘scientific whaling’ programme is not actually scientific and must be stopped, the International Court of Justice ruled today.  Read more
1:30 PM | Some authors seem to cite their own retracted studies. Should we be concerned?
Some authors of retracted studies persist in citing their retracted work, according to a new study in Science and Engineering Ethics that calls the trend “very concerning.” From the abstract of the paper by Charisse Madlock-Brown and David Eichmann of the University of Iowa: Our findings indicate new reasons for retractions have emerged in recent […]
12:15 AM | The Best of Australian Science: March 2014
It’s the end of March, 2014. It’s our time to summarise what we have done during this month. In fact, we are going to recount the best highlights for March. Here are the most exciting and interesting articles of this [...]testThe post The Best of Australian Science: March 2014 appeared first on Australian Science.
12:09 AM | Argentina’s Annual Ag Expo
During March 22-25 the main farming event in Argentina, Expoagro 2014, took place in Santa Fe state, and recent advances in agriculture and farming were highlighted. Farming is the main economic activity of Argentina, and biotechnology has played a central role in farm development and transitioning to a more precise form of agriculture. Local policies have allowed the use of genetically modified organisms, and that led to a green revolution in the 1990s, with incremental increases in […]

March 30, 2014

12:15 AM | Weekly Science Picks
It’s Sunday again! It’s our time to give a brief review of the most amazing science and technology news that have appeared on the web during this week. The task was quite challenging, but we made it. We proudly present [...]testThe post Weekly Science Picks appeared first on Australian Science.

March 29, 2014

1:34 PM | Weekend reads: Stem cell researchers falsifying data, neuroscience research forgets statistics tests
Another busy week at Retraction Watch. Here’s some of what was happening elsewhere on the web: A survey of stem cell scientists found that 4.7% have “falsified or augmented data that has ended up in a published paper.” Of note: New Scientist, which did the survey, changed its headline quickly in response to criticisms that […]
12:15 AM | How the Ancient Greeks Shaped Modern Mathematics
If you think Ancient history doesn’t matter to your life today, think again. Created by The Royal Institution and the animation shop 12Foot6, this short animated video reminds us that the Greeks gave us some of the most basic concepts [...]testThe post How the Ancient Greeks Shaped Modern Mathematics appeared first on Australian Science.

March 28, 2014

4:06 PM | What we publish
The editors of a scientific journal have an editorial prerogative to publish articles that fall under the editorial scope of the journal as they see it. But defining this scope in a way that is clear to those outside the editorial team can be difficult and any definition can become dated as science and the journal evolve. Here we discuss the scope of Nature Methods.  Read more
3:36 PM | Under the covers (Nature revealed) – 27 March 2014
In this week’s Under the covers (Nature revealed) blog, which features weekly interviews with the art team at Nature, Art Director Kelly Krause explains the decision behind this week’s front cover choice on Quantum Cryptography.  Read more
3:30 PM | Bogus Western blots lead to retraction of cancer paper
A group of Italian researchers has retracted their 2013 paper on colorectal cancer because one of the authors, they, say, was tinkering with the data. The article, “PBOX-15 induces apoptosis and improves the efficacy of oxaliplatin in human colorectal cancer cell lines,” appeared in the European Journal of Pharmacology in August. The first author was […]
1:46 PM | Clarifying NPG’s views on moral rights and institutional open access mandates
We would like to clarify NPG’s support for open access, and our position of the moral rights of authors, following some concerns raised by Kevin Smith, Duke University’s Scholarly Communications Officer.  Read more
1:30 PM | Neurosurgery journal retracts spine paper for lack of attribution
A neurosurgeon in the UK has lost his 2013 paper on spinal surgery in the British Journal of Neurosurgery for doing what appears to have been an end-run around the folks that did the work. The article, “The management of spinal dural fistulas: a 13-year retrospective analysis,” was written by Denosshan Sri, of Addenbrooke’s Hospital, […]
12:41 PM | Yet Another Round of Edible Water Bottles
It's often said that history repeats itself (although I tend to agree with Mark Twain that it rhymes), but I wouldn't expect it to occur on a 2 year interval. Yet that is what has happened. FastCoExist.com is reporting on another attempt to make edible containers for water. Just 2 years ago, a Harvard professor came up with such an item (more on that in a minute). The new invention uses calcium alginate to create soft spheres of water that can (messily) be used and then eaten.As much as people […]
12:30 PM | Building Relationships for Success in Science – The Ben Franklin Effect
Contributor Joanne Kamens  … Read more
12:15 AM | Detailing diversity of life in Booderee National Park
A new book detailing the rich diversity of life in one of Australia’s greatest and most popular national parks, the Booderee National Park, has been written in a unique collaboration between ANU researchers, Parks Australia managers and the Wreck Bay [...]testThe post Detailing diversity of life in Booderee National Park appeared first on Australian Science.

March 27, 2014

5:30 PM | Communicating with Generation Y
This post was originally published at MassBioHQ on March 25th 2014  … Read more
3:00 PM | “Unable to dispel the doubts,” authors lose protein structure paper
A suggestion: If you’re going to use the words “overestimated accuracy” in the title of your paper, you’d better make sure you aren’t guilty of the same yourself. A group of authors in China has lost their June 2013 paper in the European Biophysics Journal because they appear to have misinterpreted their data.  The paper, […]
1:44 PM | One Beautiful Salt Mine
I've not had the chance to get into a salt mine yet, having to be content with gold and copper/nickel mines. A colleague used to work at one and they differ quite a bit from hard rock mines or coal mines. Typically they are under lakes. While that may make you more hesitant to go into such a mine (what if the lake leaks into the mine), it actually should comfort you quite a bit. In the US, salt mines are typically over 1000 feet underground, while even 100 feet of water makes for a pretty deep […]
1:10 PM | Late resveratrol researcher Dipak Das up to 20 retractions
Dipak Das, the former University of Connecticut researcher found to have committed more than 100 counts of misconduct, and who passed away last year, has had another retraction appear. Here’s the notice, for “Dynamic Action of Carotenoids in Cardioprotection and Maintenance of Cardiac Health,” from Molecules: We were recently alerted by an anonymous tip that […]
12:15 AM | Skills over Degrees
Universities in Australia should prepare themselves for a fundamental change in their relationship with employers, who increasingly want students with particular skills rather than degree qualifications. Employers were moving past the 20th-century model in which students removed themselves while they [...]testThe post Skills over Degrees appeared first on Australian Science.

March 26, 2014

6:04 PM | Scholar in Sweden appears to face inquiry for plagiarism retraction
The Nordic Journal of Migration Research has retracted a 2012 paper by a Swedish researcher who lifted text from another author. The article, “Swedish Employers and Trade Unions, Varieties of Capitalism and Labour Migration Policies,” was written by Jesper Johansson, of Linnaeus University in Växjö. It’s available as a PDF here, but not on the […]
3:22 PM | Post publication peer-review: Everything changes, and everything stays the same
In the early days of scientific societies (i.e. the 17th century), scientists would share their experimental results with each other at meetings, and receive feedback about their experiments in... -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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