Posts

July 24, 2014

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8:14 AM | Prenatal valproate exposure and brains
The paper by Amanda Wood and colleagues [1] (open-access) makes a potentially very important contribution to the growing literature looking at how prenatal exposure to sodium valproate (VPA) may affect some children. Authors reported on: "regional structural cortical brain changes in humans exposed to VPA in utero" and specifically, increased cortical thickness in the left inferior frontal gyrus.Lightning and lava @ Oliver Spalt @ Wikipedia In case you need any background on the […]

Wood, A., Chen, J., Barton, S., Nadebaum, C., Anderson, V., Catroppa, C., Reutens, D., O'Brien, T. & Vajda, F. (2014). Altered cortical thickness following prenatal sodium valproate exposure, Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, DOI: 10.1002/acn3.74

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2:56 AM | Why We Need Mandatory Psychological Tests For Foreign Adoptive Parents
When two-year-old Maxim Kichigin was adopted out of an orphanage in Russia's far east in 2012, it should have marked the beginning of a new life for him. Instead, the boy, whose name had been changed to Maxim Maravalle, was...            Related StoriesSacrificing Edith (Part 2 of 2)What is a Child Abuser?How Dangerous are Opioid Painkillers? 

July 23, 2014

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11:35 PM | Finding Your Way through Adversity
On my last day of inpatient psychiatric treatment, I nervously asked the hospital’s program director if I could apply for a position there. I felt a thousand times better than the day I was brought into the system, which was in an ambulance after a suicide attempt. I felt like I could help others who […]
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6:31 PM | Wide-Faced Men Negotiate Nearly $2,200 Larger Signing Bonus
Having a wider face helps men when they negotiate for […]
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6:28 PM | Sleep Deprivation May Increase Susceptibility to False Memories
Not getting enough sleep may increase the likelihood of forming […]
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6:27 PM | Gene inhibitor, salmon fibrin restore function lost in spinal cord injury
A therapy combining salmon fibrin injections into the spinal cord […]
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6:26 PM | Study links enzyme to autistic behaviors
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder that causes […]
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6:04 PM | Working from coffee shops could be destroying your productivity. Here’s why.
A few weeks ago, my wife and I dropped into a coffee shop that we’d been meaning to try. It was a trendy hipster spot, and on that day, the plaid shirts outnumbered the available tables, so we took a seat at a big wooden communal table in the middle of the room. Now normally, […] The post Working from coffee shops could be destroying your productivity. Here’s why. appeared first on Home Office Hero.
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6:04 PM | Working from coffee shops could be destroying your productivity. Here’s why.
A few weeks ago, my wife and I dropped into a coffee shop that we’d been meaning to try. It was a trendy hipster spot, and on that day, the plaid shirts outnumbered the available tables, so we took a seat at a big wooden communal table in the middle of the room. Now normally, […] The post Working from coffee shops could be destroying your productivity. Here’s why. appeared first on Home Office Hero.
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4:55 PM | 3 Ways to Reclaim Your Work Life
If you’re stressed, depressed and dreading Mondays, you’re probably working in a toxic interpersonal environment that has started to take its toll on your physical and mental health. In my recent research on workplace bullying, I have discovered a baffling phenomenon: Targets often don’t realize they are being bullied for months or years. I believe […]
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3:54 PM | The Adolescent Dog: One Last Chance?
A synthesis of the latest research on social influences on development suggests adolescence is an important time for mammals – including dogs.Photo: dezi / ShutterstockMost people are familiar with the idea of a sensitive period for puppies that ends around 12 or 14 weeks. Is it possible that adolescence is also an important period for brain development and future behaviour?Social experience plays an important role in shaping animal behaviour throughout development according to Sachser et […]

Riemer, S., Müller, C., Virányi, Z., Huber, L. & Range, F. (2014). The Predictive Value of Early Behavioural Assessments in Pet Dogs – A Longitudinal Study from Neonates to Adults, PLoS ONE, 9 (7) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101237

Sachser, N., Kaiser, S. & Hennessy, M. (2013). Behavioural profiles are shaped by social experience: when, how and why, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 368 (1618) 20120344-20120344. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0344

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3:28 PM | Babies’ brains practice words long before they can speak
Growth CurveNeuroscience by Laura Sanders 11:55am, July 23, 2014 A one-year-old sits in a brain scanner while researchers record her brain responses to spoken syllables.   Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences/UWNewborn babies arrive as strangers in a strange land. They know nothing of the customs or language of their new mysterious world. Yet astonishingly, with almost no […]
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2:35 PM | Free Webinar: Free Yourself with The Four Stages of Codependency Recovery
Expert codependency psychotherapist, writer, and professional trainer, Ross Rosenberg presents his compact and revolutionary 4-stage codependency treatment model and his “Surgeon General’s” Codependency Recovery Warning. Both were developed as a direct result of his own codependency recovery and 27 years of working with codependent clientele. These new and innovative codependency recovery concepts have been met […]
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1:58 PM | Constructing an "Ordinary climate science intelligence" assessment: a fragment ...
From Climate Science Communication and the Measurement Problem, Advances in Pol. Psych. (forthcoming): 6.  Measuring what people know about climate science What do members of the public know about scientific evidence on climate science? Asking whether they “believe in” human-caused climate change does not measure that.  But that does not mean what they know cannot be measured. a. A disentanglement experiment: the “Ordinary Climate Science […]
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1:46 PM | Are we the only creative species?
Can animals be creative? A few are prodigious producers of ‘art’, as Jason G Goldman discovers. Is it any good?
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1:40 PM | The Unhappiest and Happiest U.S. Cities Revealed By Nationwide Survey
'Unhappy' cities have always been unhappy, new analysis of U.S. satisfaction with life finds.Dr Jeremy Dean is a psychologist and author of PsyBlog. His latest book is "Making Habits, Breaking Habits: How to Make Changes That Stick" Related articles:America: Happiest and Saddest States People Are Happier When They Do The Right Thing Urban Living: Green Spaces Improve Your Mental Health Antidepressants: Higher Rates of Psychological Side-Effects Revealed by New Study How to Set Goals That […]
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1:34 PM | Building up bamboo
MIT researchers study bamboo for engineered building material, similar to […]
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1:30 PM | Australian researchers pioneer a ‘Google street view’ of galaxies
A new home-grown instrument based on bundles of optical fibres […]
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1:29 PM | Unbreak my heart: Scientists image a beating heart in 3D
Researchers of the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology […]
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1:28 PM | K computer runs largest ever ensemble simulation of global weather
Ensemble forecasting is a key part of weather forecasting today. […]
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1:26 PM | Chinese hunt dark matter with new underground PandaX detector
The new PandaX facility, located deep underground in the southwestern […]
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1:24 PM | When it comes to depressed men in the military, does size matter?
Both short and tall men in the military are more […]
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1:17 PM | Falsche Moral – Sozialismus fördert Unehrlichkeit
Beeinflusst das politische System das Verhalten der Bürger? Unbedingt, resümieren Forscher in einer neuen Studie. Bei Beobachtungen in Berlin stellten sie fest: Je länger jemand im Sozialismus lebt, desto unehrlicher verhält er sich. Spätestens seit der Finanzkrise diskutiert die Öffentlichkeit viel über die negativen Folgen des Kapitalismus. Er habe die Ungleichheit zwischen den wenigen ganz […] The post Falsche Moral – Sozialismus fördert […]
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12:05 PM | More Than a Pet: Service Dogs for PTSD
Profile of labradoodle Rocco and the veteran he assists as a service dog.
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10:45 AM | What Really Works in Disciplining Your Teen
Parenting teens is tricky. Some parents, worried their teens will make bad decisions, micromanage their behavior. They set a slew of rules and parent with iron fists, lectures and fear-based tactics. This, however, tends to drive teens away and disconnects them from their parents. In the second edition of his book The Available Parent: Expert […]
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8:55 AM | What the textbooks don't tell you - one of psychology's most famous experiments was seriously flawed
Zimbardo speaking in '09Conducted in 1971, the Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) has acquired a mythical status and provided the inspiration for at least two feature-length films. You'll recall that several university students allocated to the role of jailor turned brutal and the study had to be aborted prematurely. Philip Zimbardo, the experiment's lead investigator, says the lesson from the research is that in certain situations, good people readily turn bad. "If you put good apples into a bad […]

Griggs, R. (2014). Coverage of the Stanford Prison Experiment in Introductory Psychology Textbooks, Teaching of Psychology, 41 (3) 195-203. DOI: 10.1177/0098628314537968

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7:46 AM | Trauma and PTSD raise risk of autoimmune disorders?
I admit to some head scratching when I first read the paper by Aoife O’Donovan and colleagues [1] reporting that among war veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan campaigns, "trauma exposure and PTSD [post-traumatic stress disorder] may increase risk of autoimmune disorders".It wasn't that I didn't believe the results, but rather that the idea that a physical event with a psychological consequence could impact on a somatic condition with an autoimmune element to it seemed to […]

O’Donovan, A., Cohen, B., Seal, K., Bertenthal, D., Margaretten, M., Nishimi, K. & Neylan, T. (2014). Elevated Risk For Autoimmune Disorders In Iraq And Afghanistan Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Biological Psychiatry, DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.06.015

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5:01 AM | Dear Miley, You’re Doing it Wrong
Dear Miley, you’re doing it wrong. No, I’m obviously not referring to the music world, as you seem to have that figured out. I’m not even referring to the physical act of writhing around on a metal wrecking ball, although that does bring up some hygienic concerns. Rather, as a relationship scientist, I’m referring to your love life.  The lyrics of your song, Wrecking Ball, have been rolling around my head since you released it last year. And now, after almost a full […]
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3:16 AM | Heroes and Villains: Banal or Special People? Part 2 of 2
In part 1 of this post, I discussed the situationist analysis of the “banality” of evil and of heroism respectively. To recap, according to Phil Zimbardo and colleagues, both heroic acts and evil acts occur primarily in response to situational factors, rather than internal features of the person. However, on closer inspection, the situationist analysis provides inconsistent accounts of how each of these occurs. Evil actions are attributed to factors entirely outside the person, […]

Carnahan T & McFarland S (2007). Revisiting the Stanford prison experiment: could participant self-selection have led to the cruelty?, Personality & social psychology bulletin, 33 (5) 603-14. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17440210

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1:17 AM | The Real Price of Psychiatric Medications
Psychiatric Med: Oh Billy, Not you too! It’s an epidemic of prescription proportion! Medication Bottle: [warning don't drink alcohol] Take .05 mg Twice a day CUT PILL IN HALF.   Refill: Forever Psych Med half: [writing in the dirt] DON’T R… E…. F….. I … L … L …….  (don’t refill) Caption: The real price of […]
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