Posts

September 30, 2014

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8:31 AM | Maladaptive emotion-regulation strategy and lack of emotional clarity in Gambling Addicts.
The article I reposted recently Gambling with America’s health!  mentioned how  certain members of  Gamblers’ Anonymous saw gambling addiction, or gambling disorder, as an emotional rather than financial disease. The addicted person “wants to escape into the dream world of … Continue reading →
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6:30 AM | Cytisine and varenicline for smoking cessation
Andrew Jones and Chris Sampson report on a systematic review and economic evaluation of cytisine and varenicline for smoking cessation, which finds that both drugs are clinically effective compared with placebo. The post Cytisine and varenicline for smoking cessation appeared first on The Mental Elf.

September 29, 2014

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8:35 AM | Term vs. preterm birth and the presentation of autism
The paper by Katherine Bowers and colleagues [1] continues the interest in the concept of 'the autisms' with their observations on the presentation of autism (and its comorbidities) when looking at those "born preterm versus those born at term".We'd better get back, 'cause it'll be dark soon, and they mostly come at night... mostlyBased on an analysis of quite a healthy participant number heading up to 900 "males and females with autism spectrum disorder", authors reported on several phenotypic […]

Bowers K, Wink LK, Pottenger A, McDougle CJ & Erickson C (2014). Phenotypic differences in individuals with autism spectrum disorder born preterm and at term gestation., Autism : the international journal of research and practice, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25192860

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7:00 AM | Premature deaths of people with learning disabilities – reflections on Department of Health progress report
The Government progress report on the Confidential Inquiry into Premature Deaths of People with Learning Disabilities was published last week. In this blog, Pauline Heslop and colleagues who wrote the original Confidential Inquiry, reflect on the progress that has been made and what still needs to be done. The post Premature deaths of people with learning disabilities – reflections on Department of Health progress report appeared first on The Learning Disabilities Elf.
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6:30 AM | Eating disorders: mapping the (lack of) evidence
Helen Bould summarises a recent review that maps the evidence for the prevention and treatment of eating disorders in young people. Her conclusion? A call to arms for more better quality research to help people affected by these serious illnesses. The post Eating disorders: mapping the (lack of) evidence appeared first on The Mental Elf.

September 28, 2014

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8:09 PM | Autism across DSM-IV and DSM-5 descriptions
The paper/poster(?) by Harker & Stone [1] kinda says it all when it comes to the question: what changed in the description of autism between the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5? The added bonus of comparing the US IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) description of autism with DSM-5 will, I assume, also be important to quite a few people not least when it comes to any further research which uses the datasets on numbers of cases for example (see here).I have little more to say aside from […]

September 27, 2014

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7:50 AM | Yes, people with autism do have headaches
I don't mean to be haughty but a sentence included in the paper by Victorio [1] led to the title of today's very quick post. Based on a chart review of patients diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) attending a neurology clinic, the author concluded that "ASD patients, despite being known to have indifference to pain, can experience headaches".Pain is something which has cropped up quite a bit in the autism research arena and has appeared more than once on this blog (see here and see […]

Victorio, M. (2014). EHMTI-0290. Headaches in patients with autism spectrum disorder, The Journal of Headache and Pain, 15 (Suppl 1) DOI: 10.1186/1129-2377-15-S1-B37

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September 26, 2014

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9:32 AM | Schizophrenia after child and adolescent psychiatric disorders
More of a 'bring to your attention' post today, as I bring to your attention(!) the paper by Cecilie Frejstrup Maibing and colleagues [1] who concluded: "The risk of being diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders [SSD] after a child and adolescent psychiatric disorder was significantly increased particularly in the short term but also in the long-term period"."I coulda been a contender"The findings were based on an analysis of one of those very informative […]
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6:30 AM | Choking in people with learning disabilities: what can be done to reduce the risk?
Today we have a debut blog from Nick Burton, Regional Operations Manager at Mencap. He reviews a new multi-agency report that provides guidance for services working to reduce the risk of choking in people with learning disabilities. The post Choking in people with learning disabilities: what can be done to reduce the risk? appeared first on The Learning Disabilities Elf.
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6:30 AM | Are autism and ADHD associated with antidepressants or maternal depression? The debate continues…
Amy Green summarises a retrospective observational study that finds prenatal antidepressant exposure is associated with risk for ADHD, but not autistic spectrum disorders. She considers this complex topic and works out what it all means for pregnant women with depression. The post Are autism and ADHD associated with antidepressants or maternal depression? The debate continues… appeared first on The Mental Elf.

September 25, 2014

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9:30 AM | How do we make a diagnosis? Screening tools for anxiety disorders
Josephine Neale blogs about a systematic review of screening tools for anxiety disorders, which concludes that the GAD-7 and PHQ instruments are appropriate for use in primary care. The post How do we make a diagnosis? Screening tools for anxiety disorders appeared first on The Mental Elf.
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9:10 AM | Temporal trends in US autism prevalence: mainly real increase
"Diagnosed autism prevalence has risen dramatically in the U.S over the last several decades and continued to trend upward as of birth year 2005. The increase is mainly real and has occurred mostly since the late 1980s"."They call me Cha Cha because I'm the best dancer at St. Bernadette's"That was the conclusion reached in the paper by Cynthia Nevison [1] (open-access) following her analysis of temporal trends in autism diagnosis for birth years between 1970 and 2005. Based on an analysis […]

September 24, 2014

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10:58 AM | Psychiatric effects of childhood inflammation?
"Higher levels of the systemic inflammatory marker IL-6 [interleukin 6] in childhood are associated with an increased risk of developing depression and psychosis in young adulthood". So said the paper by Golam Khandaker and colleagues [1] looking at the growing link between inflammation and psychiatry.The bright light of Autumn @ Wikipedia The name Khandaker has appeared before on this blog (see here and see here), most recently with research looking at a possible link between […]
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8:38 AM | A family history of alcoholism affects response to an alcohol cue.
New Guest Blog A family history of alcoholism affects response to an alcohol cue after drinking. from Alcoholics Guide to Alcoholism In treatment circles, I have constantly heard the refrain “one is not enough and two is too many!” and … Continue reading →
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6:30 AM | Family-based CBT for early childhood OCD: efficient for white, non-minority, upper middle-class children
Ioana Cristea reviews a recent RCT of family-based CBT for early childhood OCD and concludes that the results are impressive, but may not be applicable to poorer children from ethnic minorities. The post Family-based CBT for early childhood OCD: efficient for white, non-minority, upper middle-class children appeared first on The Mental Elf.

September 23, 2014

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1:38 PM | Maternal iron intake and offspring autism risk
Much like the discussions around the paper by Rogers and colleagues (see here) on treating autism in the first year of life, the media scrum around the findings from Rebecca Schmidt and colleagues [1] talking about maternal iron supplements and offspring autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk preceded the publication of the paper by a few days. It's getting to be a pet-hate of mine that big headlines are being generated sometimes days before your average Jane or Joe can see the data upon which […]
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10:04 AM | Commonalities Across Various Addictive Behaviours
In the first of many blog on the commonalities in different additive behaviours we briefly consider whether there are brain mechanism similarities in different addictive of obsessive compulsive behaviours. People affected by binge eating, substance abuse and obsessive compulsive disorder … Continue reading →
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9:00 AM | Gut issues in autism impacting on drug availability and absorption
As indicated in a recent post, I was really rather pleased to see the paper by Andrew Heitzer and colleagues [1] (open-access) asking the important question: Should clinical trial research of psychotropic medication in autism control for gastrointestinal symptoms? Some media about the study can also be found here."You write "Born to Kill" on your helmet and you wear a peace button".The answer is of course, yes and not just when it comes to psychotropic medicines either, given that […]
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6:30 AM | Is suicide contagious? Definition and epidemiology of suicide clusters
Mark Smith summarises a recent narrative synthesis of research looking at the definition and epidemiology of suicide clusters. The post Is suicide contagious? Definition and epidemiology of suicide clusters appeared first on The Mental Elf.
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