Posts

July 02, 2014

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6:30 AM | Antipsychotics and mood stabilisers may reduce violent crime
John Baker reports on the first population based report of the positive effects of antipsychotic medication and mood stabilisers on reducing the risk of a conviction for violent crime, published in the Lancet in May. The post Antipsychotics and mood stabilisers may reduce violent crime appeared first on The Mental Elf.

July 01, 2014

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8:48 AM | Mercury exposure and autism or ADHD meta-analysed
The paper by Yoshimasu and colleagues [1] is the talking point today, and their assertion following meta-analysis that: "Moderate adverse effects were observed only between environmental inorganic or organic mercury exposures and ASD/ADHD".Eruption... @ Wikipedia For clarity, ASD means autism spectrum disorder and ADHD refers to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Inorganic and organic mercury refer to some of the different forms of mercury. Meta-analysis, as I've said […]

Yoshimasu K, Kiyohara C, Takemura S & Nakai K (2014). A meta-analysis of the evidence on the impact of prenatal and early infancy exposures to mercury on autism and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the childhood., Neurotoxicology, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24952233

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6:30 AM | And if we do nothing? A new systematic review explores natural PTSD remission rates
Who naturally recovers from PTSD and why? A recent meta-regression analysis finds an overall natural remission rate for PTSD of 44%, with no increase in remission after longer observation periods. The post And if we do nothing? A new systematic review explores natural PTSD remission rates appeared first on The Mental Elf.

June 30, 2014

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8:37 AM | AAP policy statement on iodine deficiency and pollutants
The quite recent policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) drafted by Rogan and colleagues [1] is the source for today's short(ish) post. Highlighting a growing concern on the issue of iodine deficiency in women of reproductive age, the policy document also raises awareness of "commonly encountered environmental chemicals" potentially exacerbating such deficiency, and in particular "thiocyanate, nitrate and perchlorate". These chemicals are specifically mentioned because of […]

, . (2014). Iodine Deficiency, Pollutant Chemicals, and the Thyroid: New Information on an Old Problem, PEDIATRICS, 133 (6) 1163-1166. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-0900

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7:00 AM | Mindfulness based stress reduction for parents also impacted on child behaviour
Stress associated with being the parent of a child with learning disabilities is well documented. Mencap’s Breaking Point campaign has highlighted this very clearly. Their survey of families found more than 9 out of 10 family carers reported high levels of stress with over half of family carers either having given up, or considering giving [read the full story...]
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6:30 AM | Announcing the Social Care Elf
André Tomlin and Martin Webber highlight the problems that social care professionals have in getting up to date with the latest research. Fortunately help is at hand, with the Social Care Elf joining the National Elf Service soon. The post Announcing the Social Care Elf appeared first on The Mental Elf.

June 29, 2014

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11:39 AM | A gluten-free diet for asymptomatic patients with coeliac disease
The tip of the iceberg? @ Wikipedia Today I'd like to focus on the paper by Kalle Kurppa and colleagues [1] and their suggestion that: "GFDs [gluten-free diets] benefit asymptomatic EMA-positive [endomysial antibody] patients" with coeliac (celiac) disease in mind.Asymptomatic, when it comes to a condition like coeliac disease (CD) - an autoimmune condition linked to the consumption of gluten - is not necessarily all that surprising given the numbers of cases […]

June 28, 2014

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7:25 AM | On parental inflammatory bowel disease and offspring autism risk
The paper by Ane Birgitte Telén Andersen and colleagues [1] (open-access here) concluding "no evidence of an increased risk of ASD [autism spectrum disorders] among children born to parents with IBD [inflammatory bowel disease]" caught my eye recently.Qays and Layla @ Wikipedia Based on an analysis of one of those Danish Registries which seem to be providing all-manner of important correlations and non-correlations, the authors looked for the presence of parental IBDs […]

Andersen AB, Ehrenstein V, Erichsen R, Frøslev T & Sørensen HT (2014). Autism spectrum disorders in children of parents with inflammatory bowel disease - a nationwide cohort study in Denmark., Clinical and experimental gastroenterology, 7 105-10. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24855384

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June 27, 2014

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4:22 PM | How The Alcoholics Anonymous’ 12 Step Program of Recovery Helps with Emotional Dysregulation.
  Processing the Past via the actions steps, 4-12! by alcoholicsguide How The Alcoholics Anonymous’ program of action helps with emotional dysregulation. A Personal Perspective  In this blog I will attempt to explain how the 12 steps of AA, principally the action steps … Continue reading →
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9:08 AM | Scurvy, vitamin C and autism
I'd been thinking about writing this post on scurvy, vitamin C and autism for quite a while. The paper by Kitcharoensakkul and colleagues [1] really made the decision for me, following their discussions on three young children with walking difficulties who were eventually diagnosed with scurvy, one of whom was diagnosed with autism. The authors concluded: "These clinical manifestations and radiologic findings highlight the importance for rheumatologists to have a higher index of suspicion […]

Kitcharoensakkul M, Schulz CG, Kassel R, Khanna G, Liang S, Ngwube A, Baszis KW, Hunstad DA & White AJ (2014). Scurvy revealed by difficulty walking: three cases in young children., Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases, 20 (4) 224-8. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24847751

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7:00 AM | Positive mental health for people with learning disabilities is aim of new report
There is evidence that the people with learning disabilities have a higher prevalence of mental health issues than those in the general population. The rate of dementia is higher and people with Down syndrome are at particularly high risk of developing dementia, with a much earlier age of onset. The most recent guide for commissioners [read the full story...]
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6:30 AM | Art therapy for schizophrenia: an effective add-on treatment?
The MATISSE trial in 2012 concluded that group art therapy did no better than standard care at improving symptoms for people with schizophrenia. A new critique of that RCT from the British Association of Art Therapists says the therapy can be more useful. The post Art therapy for schizophrenia: an effective add-on treatment? appeared first on The Mental Elf.

June 26, 2014

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11:32 PM | The Dollars and Cents of Eating Disorders
I must admit that I cringe slightly every time I try to think about healthcare from an economics perspective. To me, this comes a little close to putting a dollar value on human beings, which feels uncomfortably post-humanistic to me. Nonetheless, there is no ignoring the ways in which economic concerns factor into policy decisions that drive our human services, including health care. There are also a number of pragmatic reasons for thinking about the costs associated with illnesses; talking in […]

Crow S (2014). The economics of eating disorder treatment., Current psychiatry reports, 16 (7) 454. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24817201

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10:56 PM | You Have No Idea How Wrong You Are
I've just discovered what might just be my new favorite lecture on Youtube. Pseudonymous philosopher Sisyphus Redeemed describes a sample of the many ways we have been wrong throughout history and looks at the implications of our capacity to be certain we are right, when in fact we are wrong. In a ...Read More
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8:44 AM | Increased rates of suicidal ideation in adults with Asperger syndrome
"Our findings lend support to anecdotal reports of increased rates of suicidal ideation in adults with Asperger's syndrome, and depression as an important potential risk factor for suicidality in adults with this condition".Sunrise @ Wikipedia That was the very stark conclusion reached by the study by Sarah Cassidy and colleagues [1] (open-access) looking at self-reported rates of suicide ideation and suicide plans/attempts in a sample of adults newly diagnosed with Asperger […]

Sarah Cassidy, Paul Bradley, Janine Robinson, Carrie Allison, Meghan McHugh & Simon Baron-Cohen (2014). Suicidal ideation and suicide plans or attempts in adults with Asperger's syndrome attending a specialist diagnostic clinic: a clinical cohort study, Lancet Psychiatry, Other:

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6:30 AM | Health effects of depression: keeping economists’ models on track
Health Economist Christopher Sampson reports on a recent systematic review and meta-analysis, which shows health-related quality of life utility values vary between studies and economic models should consider this. The post Health effects of depression: keeping economists’ models on track appeared first on The Mental Elf.
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