Posts

October 02, 2014

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8:57 AM | Addictionland
I am delighted to say I have been invited to be an “Addiction Expert” with Addictionland and will be the  expert blogger for the month of December 2014. So check me out there as well.
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8:57 AM | Volatile organic compounds and autism
As harsh as the phrase volatile organic compounds (VOCs) might appear at first glance, all this refers to is a class of compounds containing carbon which have a tendency to evaporate at room temperature assuming normal air pressure. VOCs have been associated with pollutants as per their inclusion in various literature on the topic of things like indoor air pollution (see here) and the fact that just about everything around us in the modern home or office is likely to release VOCs. Whilst not […]

Cozzolino R, De Magistris L, Saggese P, Stocchero M, Martignetti A, Di Stasio M, Malorni A, Marotta R, Boscaino F & Malorni L & (2014). Use of solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of urinary volatile organic compounds in autistic children compared with healthy controls., Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406 (19) 4649-62. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24828982

Kalkbrenner AE, Schmidt RJ & Penlesky AC (2014). Environmental Chemical Exposures and Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Epidemiological Evidence., Current problems in pediatric and adolescent health care, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25199954

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6:30 AM | E-cigarettes and youth: are e-cigs encouraging more use of conventional cigarettes?
Matt Field reviews the recent cross-sectional survey of e-cigarettes and conventional cigarette use in US adolescents, which found that E-Cig users were more likely to also smoke regular cigarettes than non-users. Does this mean that E-cigarettes encourage the use of conventional cigarettes? The post E-cigarettes and youth: are e-cigs encouraging more use of conventional cigarettes? appeared first on The Mental Elf.

October 01, 2014

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9:11 AM | Maternal complement C1q and offspring psychosis
"In conclusion, exposure to maternal C1q activity during pregnancy may be a risk factor for the development of schizophrenia and psychosis in offspring". That was the primary observation made by Emily Severance and colleagues [1] at Johns Hopkins, extending their scientific interest in immune system involvement being potentially linked to psychiatry [2]."Serve the public trust, protect the innocent, uphold the law"I've already talked about Dr Severance's previous research forays into complement […]

Emily G. Severance, Kristin L. Gressitt, Stephen L. Buka, Tyrone D. Cannon & Robert H. Yolken (2014). Maternal complement C1q and increased odds for psychosis in adult offspring, Schizophrenia Research, Other:

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6:30 AM | Prison Officers as frontline mental health staff? Results of a prison-based ethnography
Andrew Shepherd summarises an ethnography from the United States, which explores the relationships between Prison Officers in Correctional Institutions and Prisoners with mental health problems. The post Prison Officers as frontline mental health staff? Results of a prison-based ethnography appeared first on The Mental Elf.

September 30, 2014

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9:06 AM | Autoimmune thyroiditis and depressive disorder
"Our study demonstrates a strong association between anti-TPO levels, which are considered to be of diagnostic value for autoimmune thyroiditis... with uni- or bipolar depression.""Beware the bad cat bearing a grudge"So said the study published by Detlef Degner and colleagues [1]. Anti-TPO antibodies by the way, refers to anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies which, as the name suggests, are antibodies against thyroid peroxidase, an important step in the production of thyroid […]

Degner D, Haust M, Meller J, Rüther E & Reulbach U (2014). Association between autoimmune thyroiditis and depressive disorder in psychiatric outpatients., European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25193677

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8:31 AM | Maladaptive emotion-regulation strategy and lack of emotional clarity in Gambling Addicts.
The article I reposted recently Gambling with America’s health!  mentioned how  certain members of  Gamblers’ Anonymous saw gambling addiction, or gambling disorder, as an emotional rather than financial disease. The addicted person “wants to escape into the dream world of … Continue reading →
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6:30 AM | Cytisine and varenicline for smoking cessation
Andrew Jones and Chris Sampson report on a systematic review and economic evaluation of cytisine and varenicline for smoking cessation, which finds that both drugs are clinically effective compared with placebo. The post Cytisine and varenicline for smoking cessation appeared first on The Mental Elf.

September 29, 2014

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8:35 AM | Term vs. preterm birth and the presentation of autism
The paper by Katherine Bowers and colleagues [1] continues the interest in the concept of 'the autisms' with their observations on the presentation of autism (and its comorbidities) when looking at those "born preterm versus those born at term".We'd better get back, 'cause it'll be dark soon, and they mostly come at night... mostlyBased on an analysis of quite a healthy participant number heading up to 900 "males and females with autism spectrum disorder", authors reported on several phenotypic […]

Bowers K, Wink LK, Pottenger A, McDougle CJ & Erickson C (2014). Phenotypic differences in individuals with autism spectrum disorder born preterm and at term gestation., Autism : the international journal of research and practice, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25192860

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7:00 AM | Premature deaths of people with learning disabilities – reflections on Department of Health progress report
The Government progress report on the Confidential Inquiry into Premature Deaths of People with Learning Disabilities was published last week. In this blog, Pauline Heslop and colleagues who wrote the original Confidential Inquiry, reflect on the progress that has been made and what still needs to be done. The post Premature deaths of people with learning disabilities – reflections on Department of Health progress report appeared first on The Learning Disabilities Elf.
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6:30 AM | Eating disorders: mapping the (lack of) evidence
Helen Bould summarises a recent review that maps the evidence for the prevention and treatment of eating disorders in young people. Her conclusion? A call to arms for more better quality research to help people affected by these serious illnesses. The post Eating disorders: mapping the (lack of) evidence appeared first on The Mental Elf.

September 28, 2014

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8:09 PM | Autism across DSM-IV and DSM-5 descriptions
The paper/poster(?) by Harker & Stone [1] kinda says it all when it comes to the question: what changed in the description of autism between the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5? The added bonus of comparing the US IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) description of autism with DSM-5 will, I assume, also be important to quite a few people not least when it comes to any further research which uses the datasets on numbers of cases for example (see here).I have little more to say aside from […]

September 27, 2014

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7:50 AM | Yes, people with autism do have headaches
I don't mean to be haughty but a sentence included in the paper by Victorio [1] led to the title of today's very quick post. Based on a chart review of patients diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) attending a neurology clinic, the author concluded that "ASD patients, despite being known to have indifference to pain, can experience headaches".Pain is something which has cropped up quite a bit in the autism research arena and has appeared more than once on this blog (see here and see […]

Victorio, M. (2014). EHMTI-0290. Headaches in patients with autism spectrum disorder, The Journal of Headache and Pain, 15 (Suppl 1) DOI: 10.1186/1129-2377-15-S1-B37

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September 26, 2014

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9:32 AM | Schizophrenia after child and adolescent psychiatric disorders
More of a 'bring to your attention' post today, as I bring to your attention(!) the paper by Cecilie Frejstrup Maibing and colleagues [1] who concluded: "The risk of being diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders [SSD] after a child and adolescent psychiatric disorder was significantly increased particularly in the short term but also in the long-term period"."I coulda been a contender"The findings were based on an analysis of one of those very informative […]
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6:30 AM | Choking in people with learning disabilities: what can be done to reduce the risk?
Today we have a debut blog from Nick Burton, Regional Operations Manager at Mencap. He reviews a new multi-agency report that provides guidance for services working to reduce the risk of choking in people with learning disabilities. The post Choking in people with learning disabilities: what can be done to reduce the risk? appeared first on The Learning Disabilities Elf.
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6:30 AM | Are autism and ADHD associated with antidepressants or maternal depression? The debate continues…
Amy Green summarises a retrospective observational study that finds prenatal antidepressant exposure is associated with risk for ADHD, but not autistic spectrum disorders. She considers this complex topic and works out what it all means for pregnant women with depression. The post Are autism and ADHD associated with antidepressants or maternal depression? The debate continues… appeared first on The Mental Elf.
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