Posts

July 10, 2014

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5:21 AM | North Sea Jazz Tips
Ibrahim Maalouf “Surprises” en acoustique sur Mange Disques from Romain Dufrene on Vimeo. Got inspired by the latest blog post of Tom Beek. One of our Dutch greatest saxophone players and composers. This video is in his post about North Sea Jazz festival tips. He has four more tips. Here is my 5 cents, as […] Related posts:Golden Age of Jazz in Pictures 10 tips to Retain More of What You Read Online The Neuroscience of Jazz

July 09, 2014

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9:52 AM | Familial Recurrence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (again)
The paper by Neil Risch and colleagues [1] adds to the growing literature looking at the question of familial recurrence of autism i.e. if one child has a diagnosis of autism, how likely are subsequent children to be similarly diagnosed. The answer according to this latest data: "The overall sibling recurrence risk was 10.1%" compared with 0.5% in siblings of asymptomatic controls. This figure is pretty much the same as that reported by Sandin and colleagues [2] covered not so long ago (see […]
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6:30 AM | What should we prescribe for neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease?
Psychiatrist Andrés Fonseca considers how his clinical practice should change, after reading a systematic review and meta-analysis of drug treatment for neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease The post What should we prescribe for neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease? appeared first on The Mental Elf.

July 08, 2014

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5:56 PM | Children Reason Differently from Adults [Video]
          // Editor’s note: Brain Basics from Scientific American Mind is a series of short video primers on the brain and how we feel, think and act. Below is a synopsis of... -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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9:25 AM | Coenzyme Q10 and autism
The paper by Frederick Crane and colleagues [1] (open-access here) caught my eye recently and their suggestion that when it comes to autism there may be more research to do on coenzyme Q10. Indeed, the old grey-pinkish matter started grinding into action as to whether there may be a wider research literature on CoQ10 with a focus on autism...A helping hand? @ Wikipedia Coenzyme Q10 otherwise known as ubiquinone, has appeared before on this blog for various reasons (see here and […]

Crane FL, Löw H, Sun I, Navas P & Gvozdjáková A (2014). Plasma membrane coenzyme Q: evidence for a role in autism., Biologics : targets & therapy, 8 199-205. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24920882

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9:16 AM | Getting out of “self” via Prayer and meditation
When I first came into recovery I constantly heard the refrain about “getting out of self” – in fact steps 10-12 help one do so. Step 12, by helping others in recovery and step 11 which encourages prayer and mediation. … Continue reading →
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6:30 AM | Kinship care may be a viable out-of-home placement option for maltreated children, but more research is needed
Lisa Burscheidt reports on a recent Cochrane review that looks at the effects of kinship care versus traditional foster care for the safety, permanency and well-being of children removed from the home for maltreatment. The post Kinship care may be a viable out-of-home placement option for maltreated children, but more research is needed appeared first on The Mental Elf.
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5:45 AM | Myocardial Infarction and World Cup Football
On twitter someone proposed the question: Could a football match in the World Cup series elicit myocardial infarction? Je hoort weleens dat er na een stroomstoring meer geboortes zijn. Zijn er ook meer hartaanvallen tijdens belangrijke voetbalwedstrijden? — malou van hintum (@malouvh) July 5, 2014 It can, a quick look at pubmed showed some interesting […] Related posts:Chocolate lowers cardiac mortality after first acute myocardial infarction How does depression lead to […]
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5:31 AM | Advice on Ramadan and Health
Ramadan is a holy month for muslims. Fasting during the day and eating only after sun down does pose some stress for your body. It’s also challenging for physicians. They often receive questions from their patients whether or not they can participate in this month of daily intermittent fasting. In an excellent recent blog post […] Related posts:3 Sites with Advice on How To Evaluate Health Information on the Internet 3 Health Portals Health Talk Online

July 07, 2014

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7:18 AM | Reproductive stoppage related to autism
The paper by Thomas Hoffmann and colleagues [1] on reproductive stoppage - the decision to not have more children - in couples with a child already diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the source for today's post. This is both an important and delicate area to talk about so I tread very carefully in my discussions.The Holy Infants @ Wikipedia A few details first:Based on records held at the California Department of Developmental Services, children born between 1990 […]

Hoffmann, T., Windham, G., Anderson, M., Croen, L., Grether, J. & Risch, N. (2014). Evidence of Reproductive Stoppage in Families With Autism Spectrum Disorder, JAMA Psychiatry, DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.420

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6:30 AM | Outcome and methodological comparisons in psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy meta-analyses
Andrew Shepherd summarises a recent JAMA Psychiatry study looking at the efficacy of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy for adult psychiatric disorders (and uses words like hubristic and existential quite a lot!) The post Outcome and methodological comparisons in psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy meta-analyses appeared first on The Mental Elf.
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5:33 AM | Addicted Doctors
On Recovery blog I read a very interesting blogpost on Addicted doctors. The question still remains whether doctors are more prone to addiction than the general population. In short the conclusions mentioned in this blog post on addiction and doctors are There are large numbers of doctors dependent on alcohol and other drugs in the […] Related posts:Blog Addicted or Internet Addicted Doctors reactions to memorable patients deaths’ How to prevent cognitive errors from doctors

July 04, 2014

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11:16 AM | At Risk Adolescents have Emotional Dysregulation?
Following up from our previous blog on the abnormalities in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex  (vmPFC) in alcoholics,  brain regions which govern emotional regulation, we came across another study which appears to show that adolescents at increased risk for later alcohol … Continue reading →
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8:53 AM | DNA methylation patterns and autism: buccal up
"The results indicate the presence of a mosaic subpopulation of epigenetically-dysregulated, ectodermally-derived cells in subjects with ASD [autism spectrum disorder]". That was the very clinical primary conclusion reached in the study by Esther Berko and colleagues [1] (open-access here). They looked at DNA methylation patterns in cheek cell samples for a small sample of children diagnosed with an ASD (n=47) "born to mothers aged 35 and over" compared with samples from an asymptomatic control […]
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7:00 AM | New manual for cognitive behavioural treatment in people with learning disabilities published online
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is used in mainstream services and the evidence for its effectiveness is growing. For people with learning disabilities, there is a growing evidence base for in relation to psychological interventions more generally, although much of the much of the research on CBT has come from forensic secure units.     CBT [read the full story...]
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6:30 AM | Take a break for 15 minutes and improve your Mental Elf!
Please help us shape the future of the Mental Elf website by completing this online survey. Your feedback will be really helpful and you could win £50 of Amazon vouchers. The post Take a break for 15 minutes and improve your Mental Elf! appeared first on The Mental Elf.

July 03, 2014

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12:15 PM | Predicting relapse via extent of emotional dysregulation?
  Predicting relapse via extent of emotional dysregulation? by alcoholicsguide Even the most experienced counselors have difficultly spotting a recovering alcoholic in danger of relapse. Brain imaging scans might do a better job according to a study last year by researchers … Continue reading →
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6:30 AM | Acamprosate and oral naltrexone may improve consumption related outcomes for people with alcohol use disorders
A new systematic review suggests that, when used alongside psychosocial interventions, medication can result in better alcohol consumption outcomes for people with drinking problems. The post Acamprosate and oral naltrexone may improve consumption related outcomes for people with alcohol use disorders appeared first on The Mental Elf.

July 02, 2014

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7:00 PM | Multitask at Your Own Risk
        // Editor’s note: Brain Basics from Scientific American Mind is a series of short video primers on the brain and how we feel, think and act. Below is a synopsis of the... -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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7:40 AM | Quality of life and autism
The BBC ran an interesting article on their website recently titled: Happiness and disability. Discussions about the disability paradox - whereby some people with often significant and persistent disability report experiencing a good or excellent quality of life (QoL) - got me thinking about QoL and in particular, how it might relate to the very wide and very heterogeneous autism spectrum. I might add that I am not insinuating that everyone diagnosed on the autism spectrum are 'disabled' but […]

Chiang, H. & Wineman, I. (2014). Factors associated with quality of life in individuals with autism spectrum disorders: A review of literature, Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8 (8) 974-986. DOI: 10.1016/j.rasd.2014.05.003

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6:30 AM | Antipsychotics and mood stabilisers may reduce violent crime
John Baker reports on the first population based report of the positive effects of antipsychotic medication and mood stabilisers on reducing the risk of a conviction for violent crime, published in the Lancet in May. The post Antipsychotics and mood stabilisers may reduce violent crime appeared first on The Mental Elf.

July 01, 2014

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8:48 AM | Mercury exposure and autism or ADHD meta-analysed
The paper by Yoshimasu and colleagues [1] is the talking point today, and their assertion following meta-analysis that: "Moderate adverse effects were observed only between environmental inorganic or organic mercury exposures and ASD/ADHD".Eruption... @ Wikipedia For clarity, ASD means autism spectrum disorder and ADHD refers to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Inorganic and organic mercury refer to some of the different forms of mercury. Meta-analysis, as I've said […]

Yoshimasu K, Kiyohara C, Takemura S & Nakai K (2014). A meta-analysis of the evidence on the impact of prenatal and early infancy exposures to mercury on autism and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the childhood., Neurotoxicology, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24952233

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6:30 AM | And if we do nothing? A new systematic review explores natural PTSD remission rates
Who naturally recovers from PTSD and why? A recent meta-regression analysis finds an overall natural remission rate for PTSD of 44%, with no increase in remission after longer observation periods. The post And if we do nothing? A new systematic review explores natural PTSD remission rates appeared first on The Mental Elf.

June 30, 2014

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8:37 AM | AAP policy statement on iodine deficiency and pollutants
The quite recent policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) drafted by Rogan and colleagues [1] is the source for today's short(ish) post. Highlighting a growing concern on the issue of iodine deficiency in women of reproductive age, the policy document also raises awareness of "commonly encountered environmental chemicals" potentially exacerbating such deficiency, and in particular "thiocyanate, nitrate and perchlorate". These chemicals are specifically mentioned because of […]

, . (2014). Iodine Deficiency, Pollutant Chemicals, and the Thyroid: New Information on an Old Problem, PEDIATRICS, 133 (6) 1163-1166. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-0900

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7:00 AM | Mindfulness based stress reduction for parents also impacted on child behaviour
Stress associated with being the parent of a child with learning disabilities is well documented. Mencap’s Breaking Point campaign has highlighted this very clearly. Their survey of families found more than 9 out of 10 family carers reported high levels of stress with over half of family carers either having given up, or considering giving [read the full story...]
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6:30 AM | Announcing the Social Care Elf
André Tomlin and Martin Webber highlight the problems that social care professionals have in getting up to date with the latest research. Fortunately help is at hand, with the Social Care Elf joining the National Elf Service soon. The post Announcing the Social Care Elf appeared first on The Mental Elf.

June 29, 2014

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11:39 AM | A gluten-free diet for asymptomatic patients with coeliac disease
The tip of the iceberg? @ Wikipedia Today I'd like to focus on the paper by Kalle Kurppa and colleagues [1] and their suggestion that: "GFDs [gluten-free diets] benefit asymptomatic EMA-positive [endomysial antibody] patients" with coeliac (celiac) disease in mind.Asymptomatic, when it comes to a condition like coeliac disease (CD) - an autoimmune condition linked to the consumption of gluten - is not necessarily all that surprising given the numbers of cases […]

June 28, 2014

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7:25 AM | On parental inflammatory bowel disease and offspring autism risk
The paper by Ane Birgitte Telén Andersen and colleagues [1] (open-access here) concluding "no evidence of an increased risk of ASD [autism spectrum disorders] among children born to parents with IBD [inflammatory bowel disease]" caught my eye recently.Qays and Layla @ Wikipedia Based on an analysis of one of those Danish Registries which seem to be providing all-manner of important correlations and non-correlations, the authors looked for the presence of parental IBDs […]

Andersen AB, Ehrenstein V, Erichsen R, Frøslev T & Sørensen HT (2014). Autism spectrum disorders in children of parents with inflammatory bowel disease - a nationwide cohort study in Denmark., Clinical and experimental gastroenterology, 7 105-10. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24855384

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June 27, 2014

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4:22 PM | How The Alcoholics Anonymous’ 12 Step Program of Recovery Helps with Emotional Dysregulation.
  Processing the Past via the actions steps, 4-12! by alcoholicsguide How The Alcoholics Anonymous’ program of action helps with emotional dysregulation. A Personal Perspective  In this blog I will attempt to explain how the 12 steps of AA, principally the action steps … Continue reading →
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9:08 AM | Scurvy, vitamin C and autism
I'd been thinking about writing this post on scurvy, vitamin C and autism for quite a while. The paper by Kitcharoensakkul and colleagues [1] really made the decision for me, following their discussions on three young children with walking difficulties who were eventually diagnosed with scurvy, one of whom was diagnosed with autism. The authors concluded: "These clinical manifestations and radiologic findings highlight the importance for rheumatologists to have a higher index of suspicion […]

Kitcharoensakkul M, Schulz CG, Kassel R, Khanna G, Liang S, Ngwube A, Baszis KW, Hunstad DA & White AJ (2014). Scurvy revealed by difficulty walking: three cases in young children., Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases, 20 (4) 224-8. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24847751

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