Posts

October 13, 2014

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2:41 PM | New Land Snail Species Named In Honor Of Gay Marriage Movement
A research team has discovered that a snail long confused with a far more common snail is actually distinct - and so they named it Aegista diversifamilia. 'Diverse family' being in honor of the modern gay marriage movement, the authors say. Aegista subchinensis of Taiwan was first described in 1884. In 2003, one of the co-authors Dr. Yen-Chang Lee noticed that there was morphological divergence between the western and eastern populations of A. subchinensis, separated by the Central Mountain […]
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1:00 PM | How Cholesterol Is Made
Cholesterol has gotten a bad reputation, thanks to mainstream media's penchant for alternating miracle vegetables with scare journalism, which prompts shady diet fad book authors to promote whatever is getting attention this year. Outside health fads, cholesterol is an essential component of human cells, manufactured by the cells themselves, that serve to stiffen the cell's membrane, helping to shape the cell and protect it. By mapping the structure of a key enzyme involved in cholesterol […]
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12:24 PM | Anomaly Hunting and the Umbrella Man
This is not a new story, but it is worth repeating. At the moment that bullets were being fired into JFK’s motorcade, a man can be seen standing on the side of the road near the car holding an open black umbrella. It was a sunny day (although it had rained the night before) and [...]
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11:58 AM | THE ROLE OF THE KETOGENIC DIET IN AUTISM OR WHY BACON IS YOUR FRIEND? PART 2: METABOLIC CONSIDERATIONS
Low carbohydrate diets create fuel metabolism by using fatty acids and ketones while minimizing glucose utilization. In a low carbohydrate diet the body consumes the available blood glucose and then […]
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8:26 AM | Evolutionary psychologists expose the "shoddy" treatment of their discipline by textbooks
The Gendered Society contained 12 errors about evolutionary psychology, morethan any other book in this evaluation. Evolutionary theory is universally accepted among the mainstream science community. And yet, when the evolutionary perspective is applied to human behaviour, the approach continues to meet with resistance, and in some cases outright disdain.A team led by Benjamin Winegard thinks part of the reason is because of the misrepresentation of evolutionary psychology in textbooks, […]

Winegard BM, Winegard BM & Deaner RO (2014). Misrepresentations of evolutionary psychology in sex and gender textbooks., Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior, 12 (3) 474-508. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25299988

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1:39 AM | The Icebergs Of Florida
A new computer model has estimated ocean circulation during the last ice age, about 21,000 year ago, and believe that icebergs and meltwater from the North American ice sheet would have regularly reached South Carolina and even southern Florida. read more

October 12, 2014

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11:47 PM | Ten things I have learned (about me, life and the universe) by watching Game of Thrones
Yes, I watch Game of Thrones. Moreover, my wife and my daughter got me into it. Never watched it? Think Lord of the Rings with an NC-17 rating, so don’t let your kids watch it (for the record, my daughter is 23 (:-)…). I will not tell you what is it about; it is very …
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11:31 PM | Are Antimicrobial Condoms The New Frontier Against STDs? Not Quite
Very little has been published on VivaGel in peer-reviewed literature. Credit: Morgan/Flickr, CC BYBy Bridget Haire read more
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9:48 PM | Dark Matter May Be Half Previous Estimates
Dark matter is ill-defined and never detected so how can a group of astronomers say current measurements are off by 50 percent? Most of the matter in the universe is hidden. It's not stars, it's not planets, it's not dust. No one knows what it is. But it must be something or gravity does not work. That something is the mystery. Using inference, if 4 percent of the universe is matter, and around 25 percent is dark matter (what is the rest? Dark energy, an even more fanciful conjecture) then the […]
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6:57 PM | Nothing Sticks to a new Bioinspired coating for medical devices
Putting things in the body can be tricky, I mean we need things from joint replacements to cardiac implants and dialysis machines, these medical devices are needed to enhance or […]

Don Ingber et. al (2014). A bioinspired omniphobic surface coating on medical devices prevents thrombosis and biofouling, Nature Biotechnology, Other:

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6:11 PM | What Really Drives Academic Citations?
Citations are today the international currency of the scholarly economy. In theory, academic citations are the gold standard measure of the ‘impact‘ of a piece of work. If it gets other academics talking then it’s important. But why do individual academics cite particular articles? A paper out now in the Social Studies of Science journal […]The post What Really Drives Academic Citations? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.

Erikson MG & Erlandson P (2014). A taxonomy of motives to cite., Social studies of science, 44 (4) 625-37. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25272615

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5:30 PM | Nemo And Chips? Tropical Fish Might Flee Warming Waters, Head To The Poles
Credit: Ed Bierman, CC BYBy Clive Trueman, University of SouthamptonFish are acutely aware of sea temperature; it’s one of the key reasons particular species of fish live where they do. As the oceans warm however, many tropical species are moving towards cooler climes. So might the traditional cod and chips one day be replaced by Nemo and chips? read more
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5:18 PM | **Important** clarification!
**Important** clarification! It has come to my attention that sometimes my replies to your comments are not showing. I want you all to know that I reply to ALL your kind messages! When commenting, if you want to see the response, there is a part where you “sign up” to follow comments. Also, you may …
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5:11 PM | Maternal Inflammation during Pregnancy, Autism, & Big Brains
A paper published this month in Stem Cell Reports by Le Belle et al. out of UCLA suggests that maternal inflammation during pregnancy, such as occurs during an acute illness […]
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4:26 PM | Some thoughts on use of metrics in university research assessment
The UK’s Research Excellence Framework (REF) is like a walrus: it is huge, cumbersome and has a very long gestation period. Most universities started preparing in earnest for the REF early in 2011, with submissions being made late in 2013. Results will be announced in late December, just in time to cheer up our seasonal festivities.   Like many others, I have moaned about the costs of the REF: not just in money, but also the time spent by university staff, who could be more […]
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4:21 PM | Exercise and brain power: how does physical activity help us think?
We might believe that the best way to improve grades at school is to spend more time studying, even at the cost of physical activity. According to research however, we might be wrong. In fact, girls and boys with high … Continue reading →
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4:16 PM | Greenpeace Versus Shell Via Lego: The Building Blocks Of A Successful PR Campaign
Stick 'em up. Credit: Me2, CC BY-NC-SABy Toby Miller, Cardiff University read more
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4:10 PM | Unrelated to all that, 10/12 edition
The Big Problem With Mini-Pigs In 2012, as a favor to a friend, Canadians Steve Jenkins and Derek Walter adopted a three-pound (1.4-kilogram) “mini-pig” named Esther. Or so they thought. Within two years Esther wasn’t so mini. In fact, she … Continue reading →
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3:48 PM | How Effective Are 'Natural' Bed Bug Pesticides?
People concerned about human-insecticide exposure have stimulated interest in alternative bed bug control materials, including oil-based pesticides and detergent insecticides. But how well do they work? Researchers from Rutgers University evaluated the efficacy of nine essential oil-based products and two detergents that are labeled and marketed as 'natural' bed bug control.  The non-synthetic bed bug pesticides contain ingredients such as geraniol, rosemary oil, mint oil, cinnamon oil, […]
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3:44 PM | Reflections on EDAC-ATAC 2014 Conference
Last week I had the opportunity to attend and present at the Eating Disorders Association of Canada (EDAC-ATAC) Biennial Conference in Vancouver, BC. I was presenting part of my Masters thesis, which felt great. I always love talking to clinicians in the field, and I found that this was a very practical and applied-focused conference. I sometimes feel like somewhat of an outsider at eating disorders conferences as I am “research only”- I do not have the credentials to counsel or […]
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1:00 PM | Dark Matter And The Milky Way: More Little Than Large
Artistic impression of the Milky Way galaxy. The blue halo of material surrounding the galaxy indicates the expected distribution of the mysterious dark matter. ESO/L. Calçada, CC BYBy Geraint Lewis, University of Sydney read more
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12:31 PM | No understanding of biodiversity
No single explanation for biodiversity in Madagascar Excerpt: “The study is part of a larger body of research aimed at identifying the climate, geology and other features of the environment that help bring new species of plants and animals into...Read more
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9:56 AM | Another new neuron type
  In a press release (here) about a Neuron Journal paper (see citation below), it was announced that there were neurons in the hippocampus with a newly discovered anatomy, in fact they are common there. The model of a neuron is that it has a cell body with branches (dendrites) in one area that receive […]

October 11, 2014

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8:38 PM | How much do I hate autism? (read the post before yelling at me)
Originally posted on Baldscientist:Based on some of the comments (the nice, the no-so-nice and the plain rude and despicable) that I got when I posted these thoughts for the first time, I need to tell you something: **Please do not interpret that I hate people with autism, far from it; read the post beyond…
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8:14 PM | Poop Pills, Yeah they are a Thing Now
When someone is lying it isn’t too abnormal to hear someone say, “you’re full of sh…” well you get the idea. Our poop defines us, the microbes that live in […]

Ilan Youngster, MD,, George H. Russell, MD,, Christina Pindar, Tomer Ziv-Baran, PhD, Jenny Sauk, MD & Elizabeth L. Hohmann, MD (2014). Oral, Capsulized, Frozen Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Relapsing Clostridium difficile Infection, Journal of the American Medical Association , Other:

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7:35 PM | Not all scientific studies are created equal [video]
Daily we’re bombarded by attention grabbing headlines that promise miracle cures to all of our ailments — often backed up by a ‘scientific study’ or calling into doubt ‘previous research’. But what are these studies, and how do we know if they are reliable? In this groovy little video, David H. Schwartz dissects two types […] The post Not all scientific studies are created equal [video] appeared first on Your Brain Health.
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6:30 PM | Brown Is Beautiful: How The Brain Transforms White Fat To Control Eating
Researchers have uncovered a molecular process in the brain known to control eating that transforms white fat into brown fat, and that impacts how much energy we burn and how much weight we can lose.  read more
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5:30 PM | Oxytocin Regulates Sexual Behavior
Oxytocin, called the "love hormone" because it has been linked to social behaviors like cuddling, maternal care and pair bonding, is also necessary for female social interest during estrus. A study Cell Press found oxytocin-responsive brain cells that are necessary for female social interest in male mice during estrus, the sexually receptive phase of their cycle. These neurons, found in the prefrontal cortex, may play a role in other oxytocin-related social behaviors such as intimacy, love, […]
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3:39 PM | Enlist: What You Need To Know About New Dual Herbicide Resistant GMOs
by Marc Brazeau, Genetic Literacy ProjectNext week, the Environmental Protection Agency is set to approve Enlist Duo–a new herbicide formulation that combines two popular herbicides, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and glyphosate (the active ingredient in Roundup), which are used to control weeds. read more
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3:02 PM | Is Space Still Awesome?
The pale blue dot. Credit: NASABy Monica Grady, The Open UniversityWorld Space Week is one of a series of events co-ordinated by the UN to celebrate the global nature of space exploration. It was established in 1999. read more
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