Posts

September 01, 2014

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6:12 PM | Assemblages: 50 Years Later, We Know Nothing About Them
You would think we learn about every part of a cell in biology, but we really don’t. Case in point, about 50 years ago, electron microscopy revealed the presence of […]

Toretsky, J. & Wright, P. (2014). Assemblages: Functional units formed by cellular phase separation, The Journal of Cell Biology, 206 (5) 579-588. DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201404124

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12:00 PM | Comments for second half of August 2014
Jeremy Fox tried Ignite! talks at the Ecological Society of America conference, and was unimpressed.Jon Tennant is interviewed about open access and the open letter about Science Advances.Brain’s Idea pronounces the “10,000 hour practice rule” for gainin expertise to be “nonsense.” But wait... is that a peer-reviewed paper you’re basing that conclusion on?
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8:34 AM | Students with more autistic traits make fewer altruistic choices
Most people with autism have difficulties socialising and connecting with others. It's generally agreed that part of this has to do with an impairment in taking other people's perspective. More specifically, an emerging consensus suggests that autism is associated with having normal feelings for other people, but an impaired understanding of them. Little explored before now is how this affects the behaviour of people with autism towards others who need help.Leila Jameel and her colleagues […]

Jameel L, Vyas K, Bellesi G, Roberts V & Channon S (2014). Going 'Above and Beyond': Are Those High in Autistic Traits Less Pro-social?, Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 44 (8) 1846-58. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24522968

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6:28 AM | Autism: The usefulness of exercise
Being healthy is not only a matter of what you eat but of your level of activity during the day. Diet and exercise go together. Many problems in autism can […]

August 31, 2014

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10:18 PM | Whitman Was Not a Neuroscientist
Do I contradict myself?Very well then I contradict myself,(I am large, I contain multitudes.)-Walt Whitman, "Song of Myself" (from Leaves of Grass)Science is the search for objective truth based on physical laws of the universe. Scientific theories try to explain the consistent and predictable behavior of natural systems. They are generally reductionist, meaning that complex systems are reduced to simpler and more fundamental elements. The principles of physics, for instance, are expressed in […]

Chen, C., Huang, M., Yen, J., Chen, C., Liu, G., Yen, C. & Ko, C. (2014). Brain correlates of response inhibition in Internet gaming disorder, Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, DOI: 10.1111/pcn.12224

Daniel Z. Freedman (1994). Some beautiful equations of mathematical physics, CERN-TH.7367/94, arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9408175v1

Ko, C., Hsieh, T., Chen, C., Yen, C., Chen, C., Yen, J., Wang, P. & Liu, G. (2014). Altered brain activation during response inhibition and error processing in subjects with Internet gaming disorder: a functional magnetic imaging study, European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1007/s00406-013-0483-3

Zeki, S., Romaya, J., Benincasa, D. & Atiyah, M. (2014). The experience of mathematical beauty and its neural correlates, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8 DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00068

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9:20 PM | The Shape of the Neuron in Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is defined by its core symptomatology, which includes thought disorder, psychosis (including delusions, hallucinations, and paranoia), and negative symptoms, the latter which include things like apathy, depression, and executive […]
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8:57 PM | The Replication Crisis: Response to Lieberman
In a long and interesting article over at Edge, social psychologist and neuroscientist Matthew Lieberman discusses (amongst other things) the ‘replication crisis’ in his field. Much of what he says will be of interest to regular readers of this blog. Lieberman notes that there has been a lot of controversy over ‘embodied cognition‘ and social […]The post The Replication Crisis: Response to Lieberman appeared first on Neuroskeptic.
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8:05 PM | What is your gut telling you?
Intuition might seem like a concept to vague to be worthy of scientific investigation. Some cognitive psychologists see it as the opposite of rational thinking or reasoning – the time-saving ‘rule of thumb’. We often talk about it as the … Continue reading →
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8:00 PM | Abortions Don’t Cause Cancer Any More Than Parties Do
Research that found links between abortion and breast cancer also found men who had 'much opportunity to participate in parties' were more likely to have stomach cancer. Credit: burningmax/Flickr, CC BY-NC-SABy Louise Keogh, University of Melbourne read more
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6:38 PM | New Synthetic Amino Acid for a New Class of Drugs
Creating new drug molecules is challenging, developing drugs that are highly effective against a target, but with minimal (or no) toxicity and side-effects to the patient can be an exercise in […]

Chen S. Gopalakrishnan R, Schaer T, Marger F, Hovius R, Bertrand D, Pojer F, Heinis C (2014). Di-thiol amino acids can structurally shape and enhance the ligand-binding properties of polypeptides, Nature Chemistry, Other:

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6:00 PM | Ethno-Psychiatry: How The British Treated "Hardcore" Women In The Mau Mau Rebellion
New research on the treatment of 'hardcore' female Mau Mau prisoners by the British in the late 1950s sheds new light on how ideas about gender, deviancy and mental health shaped colonial practices of punishment.The treatment of the Mau Mau by the British has led to compensation claims in the courts. Last year the British government agreed to pay out £19.9m in costs and compensation to more than 5,000 elderly Kenyans who suffered torture and abuse during the Mau Mau uprising in the 50s. […]
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6:00 PM | Cut Greenhouse Gases Using Microbes
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gas that is also responsible for destroying the ozone layer.  INRA researchers in Dijon have shown that the ability of soils to eliminate N2O can mainly be explained by the diversity and abundance of a new group of micro-organisms that are capable of transforming it into atmospheric nitrogen (N2). The results underline the importance of microbial diversity to the functioning of soils and the services they deliver. read more
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5:46 PM | Epigenetic Shaping of Sociosexual Interactions
Epigenetic Shaping of Sociosexual Interactions: From Plants to Humans “…is the first attempt to interpret the higher social functions of organisms. This volume covers an extraordinarily wide range of biological research and provides a novel framework for understanding human-specific brain...Read more
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5:45 PM | How The Higgs Became The Target Of Run 2 At The Tevatron
Until the second half of the nineties, when the LEP collider started to be upgraded to investigate higher centre-of-mass energies of electron-positron collisions than those until then produced at the Z mass, the Higgs boson was not the main focus of experiments exploring the high-energy frontier. The reason is that the expected cross section of that particle was prohibitively small for the comparatively low luminosities provided by the facilities available at the time. Of course, one could […]
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5:33 PM | This is what happens in your brain when you hear your favorite song, whether it’s Bieber, Biggie or The Beatles
Originally posted on Quartz:In 1973, the British rock star Peter Frampton posed an important scientific question via a killer talkbox solo: “Do you feel like I do?” According to a new study, when it comes to our reactions to…
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5:09 PM | Dehumanization Of Women? Jack The Ripper's Forgotten Victims
Jack The Ripper is famous - everyone in the Western world has heard of the unsolved case of the Whitechapel serial killer who preyed on prostitutes for a few months in 1888.There were only five (or six) of those murders almost 130 years ago yet today there are 17 different grisly tours in London's East End about them. read more
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5:00 PM | MOOCs: Learning About Online Learning, One Click At A Time
While MOOCs are free, their value lies in providing information about how students. Credit: learnFlickr/Ilonka Talina, CC BY-SABy Gregor Kennedy, University of Melbourne read more
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3:55 PM | I'm Marvelous Now - Why I Stopped Being Awesome
George Clooney used to copy my haircuts.People who knew me in the 1990s always marveled at my classic, parted-on-the-side, immaculately coiffed style. It was retro, just like the term "marvelous' is today. Prior to that, I had a classic Caesar no-part look. He showed up in the television show "E.R." sporting that and I dismissed it as coincidence but when he then jumped onto my "Mad Men without the goop" look, I became suspicious and switched again, to a slicked-back "1980s martial arts […]
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3:42 PM | Laws of Physics are Eliminated from Evolutionary Theory
Review article: Towards an evolutionary theory of the origin of life based on kinetics and thermodynamics Excerpt: ‘Irreversibility and the kinetic power of reproduction seem to be, at least in principle, sufficient to allow the emergence of life and there...Read more
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3:30 PM | Zoning Plan For Earth: Optimizing Where Roads Should And Should Not Go
More than 15 million miles of new roads will be built worldwide by 2050, pushing back the frontiers of progress. Of course, progress may mean a loss of wilderness if it is not managed carefully, and authors have created a ‘global roadmap’ for prioritizing road building across the planet, to try to balance the competing demands of development and environmental protection.read more
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3:00 PM | Learning To Read By Tricking The Brain
Even for experienced readers, mirror-image letters like b/d or p/q can be confusing. Why is it difficult for some to differentiate these letters? read more
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2:15 PM | You Are Ready To Eat Insects If You Have These Characteristics
Are you in the target market to eat insects? The easiest uptake will be by a young male who claims to care more about the environment, believes they are progressive and adventurous about food, and already doesn't care about meat. Matching those criteria, the likelihood that this type of person is willing to eat insects as a meat substitute is estimated more than 75%, according to a new paper published in Food Quality and Preference.read more
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2:00 PM | Breaking Beautiful - The Useful Mechanism In Patterns Of Cracks
High resolution photograph of cracks in thin layer of glass atop a silicon wafer. The colors come from optical interference between the thin wafer and the glass above. Image credit: Joël Marthelot (ESPCI). Rights information: Used with permissionBy:  Gabriel Popkin, Inside Science read more
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12:30 PM | Your Microbiome Is Shared With Your Family...Including Your Pets
Humans transport microbes around their environment. Image: Argonne National LaboratoryBy Emma Saville, The Conversation and Penny Orbell, The ConversationMicrobial communities vary greatly between different households but are similar among members of the same household – including pets – according to research published in Science today. read more
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1:59 AM | #Brain article of interest: This Is Your Brain on Coffee
From MashableRead the full article here-> http://ift.tt/1pr3n1K

August 30, 2014

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11:05 PM | Who am I, exactly? Who are you, exactly?
“Times change, and so must I… we all change. When you think about it, we are all different people, all through our lives. And that’s okay, that’s good! You’ve gotta keep moving, so long as you remember all the people that you used to be.“ -The 11th Doctor The Time of The Doctor – Copyright …
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9:00 PM | Researchers Watch Glass Flipping From One Structure To Another Under Pressure
Glass is ideal for applications that require resistance to thermal shock or to chemically harsh environments and manufacturers commonly use additives such as boron oxide to tweak its properties by changing the atomic structure of glass.read more
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8:00 PM | How Neuroscience Is Being Used To Spread Quackery In Business And Education
Image: If only neuroscience was that easy. Credit: quixotecr, CC BY-NC-NDBy Matt Wall, Imperial College LondonDuring World War II, residents on the islands in the southern Pacific Ocean saw heavy activity by US planes, bringing in goods and supplies for the soldiers. In many cases, this was the islanders' first exposure to 20th century goods and technology. read more
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7:29 PM | Driven to Draw: Creativity Erupts from Brain Insult
After eating one banana at 10’oclock precisely, she begins furiously drawing on the nearest blank sheet of paper.  Her hand moves as if possessed, compulsively and rapidly sketching the same inane subjects from the day before. The irrepressible urge to create results in a complete neglect of her personal hygiene.  Later, she gathers her pictures in a neat pile and binge eats an entire box of cookies.  This isn’t a starving artist preparing for an opening show. […]
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7:00 PM | Aerogel Monoliths Made Of Copper Nanowires And PVA Nano-Glue
Bending, stretching, twisting, folding, modern materials that are light, flexible and highly conductive are the future of products like artificial skin or electronic paper.  But these "aerogel monoliths" have required precious gold and silver nanowires, which keeps them squarely in the field of basic research.  Making such concepts affordable with copper nanowires and a PVA "nano glue" could be a game-changer, and researchers at Monash University and the Melbourne Centre for […]
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