March 24, 2014

1:13 AM | NephMadness 2014 Part 7 - Electrolyte Bracket
The electrolyte bracket contains a mixture of the old staples of nephrology mixed with some new kids on the block trying to muscle in on established territory, Vaptans vs hypertonic saline and ZS-9 vs Kayexalate. Hypertonic saline is well established and works when used correctly. In my experience inadequate monitoring and insufficient lab testing always complicates the correction of severe and acute hyponatremia. Severe hyponatremia has potentially devastating consequences and so should be […]

March 23, 2014

5:23 PM | NephMadness 2014 Part 6 - Kidney Stone Braket
In the kidney stone bracket I think the most disappointed team must be XO inhibitors. Allopurinol has been around for a long time and is one of the mainstays of treatment for gout. More recently, febuxostat hit the scene and can also lower uric acid. The most interesting issue relating to uric acid (for me) is the evidence linking elevated uric acid with risk of developing CKD. This idea is backed by experiments in rats. Raising the uric acid level in rats can induce glomerular hypertension and […]
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