Posts

February 27, 2015

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3:44 PM | Breaking Research: Separable short- and long-term memories can form after a momentous occasion
When was your first kiss? What were you doing the last time you heard life-changing news? After only a single experience, your brain was somehow able to form a long-term memory of these events. This phenomenon has baffled neuroscientists for decades, but in a recent paper published in PNAS, Yamagata et al. report a surprising […]

Yamagata N., Yoshinori Aso, Pierre-Yves Plaçais, Anja B. Friedrich, Richard J. Sima, Thomas Preat, Gerald M. Rubin & Hiromu Tanimoto (2014). Distinct dopamine neurons mediate reward signals for short- and long-term memories, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112 (2) 578-583. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1421930112

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2:42 PM | German Unification (Part I: The Failure of Liberal...
German Unification (Part I: The Failure of Liberal Nationalism) In the first part of my lecture on German Unification, I discuss German Nationalism in the early 19th century and the attempt to unify Germany on the basis of liberal nationalism after the Revolutions of 1848. The Frankfurt Parliament met and drafter a constitution for a unified Germany and offered the crown to Frederick William IV of Prussia, but he declined the “pig’s crown” and German Unification would have to […]
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2:36 PM | Quickies: MRAs, drug testing welfare recipients, and that damned blue/white dress
Categories: QuickiesWhat kind of man joins the men’s rights movement? – The caption for that first photo…just ugh. From Courtney. Drug testing welfare users is a sham, but not for the ...(Read more...)
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1:40 PM | Free Fiction Friday: The Hunt For Beagle Part 9
It’s Friday, and here without further fanfare is the conclusion to our Mars-spanning adventure The Hunt For Beagle. You can start back at chapter 1 and read the entire tale here a chapter at a time on Astroguyz, or read the tale in its entirety over on Amazon.com. Enjoy! The Hunt For Beagle by David [...]
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1:00 PM | The Baby Farmers
It was a problem that was all too common during the 18th and 19th centuries. In an era before contraception and abortion became safe and affordable, women who found themselves pregnant and unmarried were often faced with harsh choices. Though...            Related StoriesShould We Return to the Asylum Era?The Reporter in the Madhouse (Part Three of Three)The Nazi Patient 
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12:19 PM | Partnership for a Healthier America Summit 2015
Thank you to all the staff at the Partnership for a Healthier America Summit for organizing such a wonderful summit. Meeting such a diverse group of attendees, educators, industry experts, and health... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
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10:32 AM | Week 39 at the Royal College of Surgeons
After a week off due to moving house I’m back at the College where I’m starting on a new project. This time I will be working with a collection of infant teeth. As with the previous protects I’m creating an inventory of the collection by taking photographs of the specimens and the associated paperwork. This […]
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10:21 AM | Concepts of Sameness (Part 4)
Three approaches to defining equality.
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10:13 AM | What do clients think of psychotherapy that doesn't work?
Psychotherapy works for most people, but there's a sizeable group for whom it's ineffective, or worse still, harmful. A new study claims to be the first to systematically investigate what the experience of therapy is like for clients who show no improvement after therapy, or who actually deteriorate.Andrzej Werbart and his colleagues conducted in-depth interviews with 20 non-improved clients (out of a larger client group of 134) who were enrolled in individual or group psychoanalytic […]
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10:00 AM | The story of a rare disease
By Ellen WeissDespite being the product of  two of the authors of this blog – two people skeptical about just how many of the fruits of genetic testing that we've been promised will ever actually materialize  – I have been involved in several genetic studies over the years, hoping to identify the cause of my rare disease.February 28 is Rare Disease Day (well, Feb 29 technically; the last day of February which is, every four years, a rare day itself!); the day on which […]
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9:39 AM | Notes from the NC3Rs workshop on publication bias
I'm writing this on my way back from London, where I attended a workshop on publication bias that was organized by the NC3Rs (the British National Center for the Replacement, Refinement, and Reduction of Animals in Research). Publication bias arises when not all scientific studies are published, and when the chance of whether a study is published depends on its outcome. More specifically, studies that show a 'positive' result (e.g. a treatment effect, or something that supports a researcher's […]
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9:37 AM | Hyperprolactinemia and risperidone use in autism
The findings reported by Yaowaluck Hongkaew and colleagues [1] (open-access) on prolactin levels being "positively and significantly associated with risperidone dose" in cases of children and adolescents diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the point of discussion today.Prolactin by the way, is the hormone most commonly associated with stimulating breast development and milk production in women. To quote from the US National Institute of Health (NIH) entry on prolactin: "There is […]

Hongkaew Y, Ngamsamut N, Puangpetch A, Vanwong N, Srisawasdi P, Chamnanphon M, Chamkrachchangpada B, Tan-Kam T, Limsila P & Sukasem C & (2015). Hyperprolactinemia in Thai children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder treated with risperidone., Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 11 191-6. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25653528

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9:07 AM | Latest Annual banned-substance review now published
Drug Testing and Analysis – Latest Annual banned-substance review now published Within the mosaic display of international anti-doping efforts, analytical strategies based on up-to-date instrumentation as well as most recent information about physiology, pharmacology, metabolism, etc., of prohibited substances and methods of doping are indispensable. The continuous emergence of new chemical entities and the identification […] The post Latest Annual banned-substance review now […]
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9:07 AM | White House Move To Protect Nest Eggs Sparks Hopes And Fears
The Labor Department will draft new rules requiring retirement advisers to put consumers' best interests first. The industry warns low-income people might lose out on financial planning advice.
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9:01 AM | The Many Uses of Surgical Spirit
Surgical spirit is simply a denatured alcohol solution containing ethyl alcohol (ethanol) and methyl alcohol (methanol), also known as rubbing alcohol. In addition to these ingredients, it also includes certain additives to render it bitter, as well as dyes to warn against abuse. Applications take advantage of its antimicrobial properties, as well its ability to [...]
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9:00 AM | Quiz Time
The utterance, “There will be a quiz on this” is notorious for striking panic into a roomful of students, but for me it holds the key to my strongest motivation. I am so much more likely to read a textbook chapter that will be followed by a pat on the back in the form of […]
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9:00 AM | Collaboration between grass seedlings and rhizobacteria to scavenge organic nitrogen in soils
Plants require nitrogen to make proteins, nucleic acids and other biological molecules. It is widely accepted that plants absorb inorganic forms of nitrogen to fill their needs. However, recently it has become clear that plants also have the capacity to absorb organic nitrogen from soils. In a new study published in AoB PLANTS, White et […]
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9:00 AM | George Monbiot and the Harbury landslide
The writer George Monbiot has linked the Harbury landslide with the removal of vegetation from the embankment that failed. This does not seem to be correct based on the images on Google Earth and from the scene
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8:45 AM | Dying for a tan?
Sun worshippers, beware – serious skin damage may be occurring even after you seek refuge in the shade, proving once and for all that there’s nothing healthy about a tan*. Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world, so Aussies take note – Bondi bronzing sessions continue to fry your […]
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8:45 AM | 'Ballot Selfies' Clash With The Sanctity Of Secret Polling
New Hampshire is the first state to outlaw voting booth selfies. Some call the ban unconstitutional and are challenging it in court. Others argue selfies compromise privacy and enable voter coercion.
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8:40 AM | Colorado Pushes For Concealed Guns In K-12 Schools
Similar legislation has been proposed in North Dakota and Wyoming to allow concealed firearms on K-12 school grounds and college campuses, as a part of a larger effort to expand gun owners' rights.
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8:39 AM | This Season On 'House Of Cards,' It's Tough To Be The Boss
New episodes of Netflix's House of Cards debut today, and NPR TV critic Eric Deggans says this season's challenges may please critics who say the show's vision of Washington, D.C. runs too smoothly.
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8:38 AM | Stone Age Britons Were Eating Wheat 2,000 Years Before They Farmed It
Scientists have recovered cultivated wheat DNA from an 8,000-year-old submerged site off the British coast. The finding suggests hunter-gatherers were trading for the grain long before they grew it.
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8:36 AM | Obama To Troubled Teen: 'You Have This Strength Inside Yourself'
The president interviews 18-year-old, Noah McQueen, who's participating in a White House mentoring program for young men of color. "It's hard to always make the right decision," McQueen tells Obama.
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8:35 AM | A 10-Hour Ride, A Welcome With Cola Nuts, A Sad Yet Hopeful New Normal
NPR's John Poole and Sami Yenigun visited the village of Barkedu in Liberia to capture the sights and sounds of life after Ebola in a multimedia essay.
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8:26 AM | Barren Cliffs Reveal a Rich and Violent Past: Red Rock Canyon State Park
Deserts have such a fearsome reputation around the world, but deserts can be both beautiful and at certain times of the year a pleasant place to visit. The dry lands of the American Southwest are no exception. For geologists, the treat is made better by the marvelous exposures of barren rock that tell stories of the past when the landscape was very different. This is one of those places: Red Rock Canyon State Park in California. We paid a visit on our way to Death Valley a few weeks ago.The […]
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8:18 AM | It’s not just chicken but UK wants piping hot bang for its intervention dollar: Campy results released
The Food Standards Agency (FSA) has today published the latest set of results from its year-long survey of campylobacter on fresh chickens. Campylobacter is a food bug mainly found on raw poultry and is the biggest cause of food poisoning … Continue reading →
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8:03 AM | Food safety nerd alert: FDA launches iRISK 2.0
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has released FDA-iRISK 2.0, an enhanced version of the free web-based tool that helps users conduct their own quantitative risk assessments in support of food safety. The Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied … Continue reading →
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8:00 AM | We need to empower & educate all stakeholders and provide person-centred care to move LD health care forward and reduce health inequity
Despite an increasing body of research evidence that demonstrates the ongoing health inequalities experienced by people with learning disabilities, there have been few changes in policy and practice. In her debut blog, Rosalyn Hithersay presents a paper that describes a series of workshops that took place in 2013 with the aim of addressing this shift from evidence to action. The post We need to empower & educate all stakeholders and provide person-centred care to move LD health care forward […]
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8:00 AM | Our Pollution Is Creating A New Type Of Rock
Plastics are filling our oceans at an ungodly rate. Incredibly difficult to get rid of, researchers are now finding that Mother Nature is taking some strange steps of her own. In some areas, especially those where plastic pollution is covered by sand and dirt, plastics are undergoing a change in which they are becoming compressed into the rock record, forming a new type of rock that's being called “plastiglomerate." It's not known how long this plastic-rock hybrid will last, but it's […]
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