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Prenatal SSRI exposure and autistic traits
A quote to start today's post: "Our results suggest an association between prenatal SSRI exposure and autistic traits in children". That was a primary finding reported by Hanan El Marroun and colleagues [1] who looked at whether maternal depressive symptoms or a class of quite commonly used pharmaceutics - the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) - used to manage depressive symptoms, during pregnancy might impact on offspring development."Everything the light touches is our […]

Marroun, H., White, T., van der Knaap, N., Homberg, J., Fernandez, G., Schoemaker, N., Jaddoe, V., Hofman, A., Verhulst, F., Hudziak, J. & Stricker, B. (2014). Prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and social responsiveness symptoms of autism: population-based study of young children, The British Journal of Psychiatry, 205 (2) 95-102. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.113.127746

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The Holographic Universe [we might Live in!]
Are you feeling a little… flat? Well that might be because you are only in 2 dimensions. I know what you’re thinking, insane! Well first check the name of the […]

Cowen, R. (2013). Simulations back up theory that Universe is a hologram, Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature.2013.14328

Li W & Takayanagi T (2011). Holography and entanglement in flat spacetime., Physical review letters, 106 (14) 141301. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21561179

Piao, Y. (2007). Primordial perturbation spectra in a holographic phase of the Universe, Physical Review D, 76 (4) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.043509

George F. Smoot (2010). Go with the Flow, Average Holographic Universe, Int.J.Mod.Phys.D19:2247-2258,2010, arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5952v1

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For These Bats, the Best Falsetto Wins Over the Ladies
A bat’s voice is its livelihood. Chirping and squeaking at just the right frequencies lets it echolocate food and stay alive. Sounding pretty isn’t the point—except when it is. For the first time, scientists think they’ve found a bat species in which females choose mates based on their voices. Even if a lower-frequency squeak might […]The post For These Bats, the Best Falsetto Wins Over the Ladies appeared first on Inkfish.

Puechmaille, S., Borissov, I., Zsebok, S., Allegrini, B., Hizem, M., Kuenzel, S., Schuchmann, M., Teeling, E. & Siemers, B. (2014). Female Mate Choice Can Drive the Evolution of High Frequency Echolocation in Bats: A Case Study with Rhinolophus mehelyi, PLoS ONE, 9 (7) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103452

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76% of youths with autism meet ADHD diagnostic criteria?
Autism is not normally a stand-alone diagnosis. I've mentioned that point a few times on this blog, stressing how a clinical diagnosis of autism appears to increase the risk of various other behavioural, psychiatric and somatic diagnoses also [variably] being present over a lifetime. Part of that comorbidity has been talked about in discussions about ESSENCE (see here) and the excellent document produced by Treating Autism on medical comorbidities occurring alongside autism (see here) for […]

Joshi G, Faraone SV, Wozniak J, Tarko L, Fried R, Galdo M, Furtak SL & Biederman J (2014). Symptom Profile of ADHD in Youth With High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Comparative Study in Psychiatrically Referred Populations., Journal of attention disorders, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25085653

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Zombie Ant Fungi knows it’s prey
So awhile back I was bored and to kill some time wisely I wrote this little bit on real life (sometime potential) zombies. It featured a special section on a […]

de Bekker C, Quevillon LE, Smith PB, Fleming KR, Ghosh D, Patterson AD & Hughes DP (2014). Species-specific ant brain manipulation by a specialized fungal parasite., BMC evolutionary biology, 14 (1) 166. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25085339

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Unpacking Recovery Part 3: Can Patients Imagine Recovery?
Today I have the distinct pleasure of writing about one of my favourite articles about eating disorder recovery by Malson et al. (2011) exploring how inpatients talk about eating disorder recovery. I have personally found this article to be very helpful in understanding some of the difficulties of understanding and achieving recovery in our social context. As Malson and colleagues explain (and as we’ve established), eating disorder recovery is elusive. Often, poor prognosis is described […]

Malson H, Bailey L, Clarke S, Treasure J, Anderson G & Kohn M (2011). Un/imaginable future selves: a discourse analysis of in-patients' talk about recovery from an 'eating disorder'., European eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders Association, 19 (1) 25-36. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21182163

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ALS: An Infographic and the Ice Bucket Challenge
The Knowing Neurons team accepted the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge! We nominate EyeWire, Kerri Smith of Neurpod, Dan Ariely, and Oliver Sacks!   ~ Infographic by Jooyeun Lee, Anita Ramanthan, Kate Fehlhaber, and Jillian Shaw. ~ References: Renton A.E. & Bryan J Traynor (2013). State of play in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis genetics, Nature Neuroscience, 17 … Continue reading →

Renton A.E. & Bryan J Traynor (2013). State of play in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis genetics, Nature Neuroscience, 17 (1) 17-23. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nn.3584

Vucic S., Rothstein J.D. & Kiernan M.C. (2014). Advances in treating amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: insights from pathophysiological studies., Trends in neurosciences, PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24927875

Ferraiuolo L., Andrew J. Grierson, Michael Sendtner & Pamela J. Shaw (2011). Molecular pathways of motor neuron injury in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Nature Reviews Neurology, 7 (11) 616-630. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrneurol.2011.152

Andersen P.M. (2011). Clinical genetics of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: what do we really know?, Nature Reviews Neurology, 7 (11) 603-615. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrneurol.2011.150

Dion P.A. & Guy A. Rouleau (2009). Genetics of motor neuron disorders: new insights into pathogenic mechanisms, Nature Reviews Genetics, 10 (11) 769-782. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg2680

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The Curious Case of a Protein and a Pilus
by Monika Buczek | If you’re like me, every morning you reluctantly roll out of bed and automatically reach for your toothbrush. One of the earliest learned practices of personal hygiene, brushing surely serves more than just preventing daybreak halitosis- but have you ever pondered about the plaque you try to dislodge from your…

Reardon-Robinson ME, Wu C, Mishra A, Chang C, Bier N, Das A & Ton-That H (2014). Pilus hijacking by a bacterial coaggregation factor critical for oral biofilm development., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111 (10) 3835-40. PMID: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24567409

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Autobiographical Memory for a Life-Threatening Airline Disaster
“My attention shifts to the fact that the comforting engine hum is eerily gone. Where has the comforting hum of the engines gone. Something has gone very, very wrong, the plane continued to shake.” -Daniel Goncalves, recalling the terror of Air Transat Flight 236I'm sitting here in an airport, reading a harrowing first person account of Air Transat Flight 236, which fell out of the sky when it lost all power on Aug. 24, 2001.The plane was bound from Toronto, Ontario to Lisbon, […]

McKinnon, M., Palombo, D., Nazarov, A., Kumar, N., Khuu, W. & Levine, B. (2014). Threat of Death and Autobiographical Memory: A Study of Passengers From Flight AT236, Clinical Psychological Science, DOI: 10.1177/2167702614542280

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Is It Fair to Regulate E-Cigarettes?
Just by reading the title, it may seem to you that this article is biased -- and written to encourage the use of e-cigarettes. Well, it is not! I've written this article to discuss why this smokeless... [[To read the full story, visit my website.]]

Schober, W., Szendrei, K., Matzen, W., Osiander-Fuchs, H., Heitmann, D., Schettgen, T., Jörres, R. & Fromme, H. (2014). Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) impairs indoor air quality and increases FeNO levels of e-cigarette consumers, International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 217 (6) 628-637. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.11.003

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