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Posts with Citations

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Biofuels From Crop Residue May Increase Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Using corn crop residue to make ethanol and other biofuels reduces soil carbon and can generate more greenhouse gases than gasoline, according to a study published in the journal Nature Climate Change (see footnote). Read more »

Liska, A., Yang, H., Milner, M., Goddard, S., Blanco-Canqui, H., Pelton, M., Fang, X., Zhu, H. & Suyker, A. (2014). Biofuels from crop residue can reduce soil carbon and increase CO2 emissions, Nature Climate Change, DOI:

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Mantis Shrimp, is there anything you can’t teach us?
A big tenant for starting Loony Labs was an idea that nature provides us with answers to some of the biggest technical problems. So I am proud to announce some […]

Grunenfelder L.K., Suksangpanya N., Salinas C., Milliron G., Yaraghi N., Herrera S., Evans-Lutterodt K., Nutt S.R., Zavattieri P. & Kisailus D. & (2014). Bio-inspired impact-resistant composites, Acta Biomaterialia, DOI:

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Scientists Use Airplane to Detect Methane From Fracking
Using an airplane to detect greenhouse gas emissions from freshly drilled shale gas wells in Pennsylvania’s Marcellus basin, Cornell and Purdue scientists have found that leaked methane from fracking is a tougher problem—between a hundred- and a thousandfold—than previously thought. Read more »

Caulton, D., Shepson, P., Santoro, R., Sparks, J., Howarth, R., Ingraffea, A., Cambaliza, M., Sweeney, C., Karion, A., Davis, K. & Stirm, B. (2014). Toward a better understanding and quantification of methane emissions from shale gas development, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, DOI:

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How To Do The Moonwalk
Walking around in the real world, as opposed to the uncluttered hallways of your school, requires flexible and adaptive fine-tuning of the basic alternating stepping pattern of our two legs. For animals to walk, central pattern generators (CPGs) must be modulated to allow different stride lengths in each leg or different swing heights to step … Continue reading →

Bidaye S.S., Machacek C., Wu Y. & Dickson B.J. (2014). Neuronal Control of Drosophila Walking Direction, Science, 344 (6179) 97-101. DOI:

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Old champions get new help
Greetings     So often has been antibiotic resistance been talked about in this page, that it needs no introduction. There is a huge list of antibiotics that is currently in research. There are all sorts of chemicals, that has been investigated. It is now almost impossible to keep track of the growing list (I probably have even lost the count). The whole story of magic medicine bullet (Antibiotics I mean), has started from the discovery of penicillin (Not by Alexander Fleming, […]

Zhang J., Chen Y.P., Miller K.P., Ganewatta M.S., Bam M., Yan Y., Nagarkatti M., Decho A.W. & Tang C. (2014). Antimicrobial Metallopolymers and Their Bioconjugates with Conventional Antibiotics against Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria., Journal of the American Chemical Society, PMID:

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Highest Efficiency Achieved for Small GaAs Solar Cells
Engineering researchers at the University of Arkansas have achieved the highest efficiency ever in a 9 mm2 solar cell made of gallium arsenide. Read more »

Makableh, Y., Vasan, R., Sarker, J., Nusir, A., Seal, S. & Manasreh, M. (2014). Enhancement of GaAs solar cell performance by using a ZnO sol–gel anti-reflection coating, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 123 178-182. DOI:

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Je ne regrette rien (2): Consciuous decisions in the lab
Psychologists and neurologists have been interested in the problem of free will since the beginning of their specialities, though the first clearly devised and relevant […] Read more The post Je ne regrette rien (2): Consciuous decisions in the lab appeared first on Mapping Ignorance. Related posts:Je ne regrette rien (1): On the neuropsychology of free will Mapping areas involved in voluntary forgetting is not simple... it is double! Reinforcement learning in the brain

Filevich E., Kühn S., Haggard P. & Pourtois G. (2013). There Is No Free Won’t: Antecedent Brain Activity Predicts Decisions to Inhibit, PLoS ONE, 8 (2) e53053. DOI:

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Video Tip of the Week: Atlas of Cancer Signaling Networks
Last week I highlighted a software tool that lets you customize maps of molecular interactions, and navigate around at various resolutions to explore. It’s called NaviCell, and it seems to offer a lot of opportunity for folks to develop helpful maps related to their research. This week I’m going to note that this same team […]

Kuperstein I., Cohen D.P., Pook S., Viara E., Calzone L., Barillot E. & Zinovyev A. (2013). NaviCell: a web-based environment for navigation, curation and maintenance of large molecular interaction maps, BMC Systems Biology, 7 (1) 100. DOI:

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What Is A Typical Animal Hoarder?
Sometimes we hear their cases on the news – dozens of sick and frightened dogs or cats removed from the home of an animal hoarder. But is there a typical profile, and how big is the problem?A study by Calvo et al (2014) investigates 24 cases of animal hoarding in Spain between 2002 and 2011. Photo: schankz / ShutterstockAnimal hoarding is not simply having large numbers of pets; it also involves a lack of care for those pets, such that they are sick, not receiving veterinary care and […]

Calvo, P., Duarte, C., Bowen, J., Bulbena, A. & Fatjó, J. (2014). Characteristics of 24 cases of animal hoarding in Spain, Animal Welfare, 23 (2) 199-208. DOI:

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Chili Peppers Run Hot And Cold
Biology concepts – obesity, brown adipose tissue, agonist/antagonist, protective hypothermia, hyperthermia, reactive oxygen species, ischemia, hypoxiaWhen The Wizard of Oz was released in 1939, it just barely turned a profit. The '39 version was the third attempt at filming the children’s classic, and the first two efforts had not fared much better. I don’t see how people didn’t take to the Wizard of Oz right away. It had new technology for the movies, a good villain, […]

Yoneshiro T, Aita S, Matsushita M, Kayahara T, Kameya T, Kawai Y, Iwanaga T & Saito M (2013). Recruited brown adipose tissue as an antiobesity agent in humans., The Journal of clinical investigation, 123 (8) 3404-8. PMID:

Feng Z, Hai-Ning Y, Xiao-Man C, Zun-Chen W, Sheng-Rong S & Das UN (2014). Effect of yellow capsicum extract on proliferation and differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes., Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 30 (3) 319-25. PMID:

Yoneshiro T & Saito M (2013). Transient receptor potential activated brown fat thermogenesis as a target of food ingredients for obesity management., Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 16 (6) 625-31. PMID:

Muzzi M, Felici R, Cavone L, Gerace E, Minassi A, Appendino G, Moroni F & Chiarugi A (2012). Ischemic neuroprotection by TRPV1 receptor-induced hypothermia., Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 32 (6) 978-82. PMID:

Cao Z, Balasubramanian A & Marrelli SP (2014). Pharmacologically induced hypothermia via TRPV1 channel agonism provides neuroprotection following ischemic stroke when initiated 90 min after reperfusion., American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 306 (2) 56. PMID:

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